Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/21422
標題: 政府補助建構都市貨物整運中心之研究
A Study of Public Subsidy for an Urban Consolidation Center
作者: 黃熒繡
Huang, Ying-Xiu
關鍵字: 都市貨物整運中心;Urban consolidation center;政府補助;二氧化碳價格模型;Government subsidy;Carbon dioxide price model
出版社: 企業管理學系所
引用: 一、中文部分 吳英明. (1996). 公私部門協力關係之研究: 兼論都市發展與公私部門聯合開發. 高雄: 復文. 林志明, 吳玉珍, 林信得, 林繼國, 黃新薰, 朱珮芸, 楊智凱,張益城,林忠欽. (2012). 101年運輸政策白皮書-綠運輸: 交通部. 郭星顯. (2012). 以越庫模式建立都市貨物整運中心之研究. 碩士論文, 國立東華大學, 花蓮縣. 黃玠然. (2012). 國際碳交易制度分析.新北市:台灣綜合研究院 黃浩榮, & 柯曉翔. (2012). 全球焦點. 遠見雜誌, 307, 44. 楊雲明. (2007). 個體經濟學. 台北: 智聖. 二、英文部分 Benz, E., & Truck, S. (2009). Modeling the price dynamics of CO2 emission allowances. Energy Economics, 31(1), 4-15. Boerkamps, J., & Binsbergen, A. V. (1999). A New Approach for Modelling and Evaluation of Urban Goods Distribution. Paper presented at the 1st International Conference on City Logistics, Kyoto. Browne, M., Sweet, M., Woodburn, A., & Allen, J. (2005). Urban Freight Consolidation Centres Final Report. Campbell, J. Y., Lo, A. W.-C., & MacKinlay, A. C. (1997). The econometrics of financial markets: Princeton University press. Daskalakis, G., Psychoyios, D., & Markellos, R. N. (2009). Modeling CO2 emission allowance prices and derivatives: Evidence from the European trading scheme. Journal of Banking & Finance, 33(7), 1230-1241. Enders, W. (2008). Applied econometric time series: John Wiley & Sons. Guo, H.-C., Tsai, M.-T.,Wang, J.-F. (2012). A Study on Urban Consolidation Centers Using Cross-Docking Systems Paper presented at the 4th International Conference on Transportation and Logistics, Korea. Kwak, Y. H., Chih, Y., & Ibbs, C. W. (2009). Towards a Comprehensive Understanding of Public Private Partnerships for Infrastructure Development California Management Review, 51 (2), 51-78. Lowndes, V. (2001). LOCAL PARTNERSHIPS AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION. Paper presented at the IPPR Partnerships Commission. Nemoto, T. (1997). Area-wide inter-carrier consolidation of freight in urban areas. Transport Logistics, 1(2), 87-101. Patier, D. (2006). New Concepts and Organisations for the Last Mile: French Experiments and Their Results. In E. Taniguchi & R. G. Thompson (Eds.), Recent advances in city logistics (pp. 361-374). Schoemaker, J. (2002). Stadsdistributiecentrum Leiden. BESTUFS-Best Practice Handbook. Seifert, J., Uhrig-Homburg, M., & Wagner, M. (2008). Dynamic behavior of CO2 spot prices. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 56(2), 180-194. Stern, N. (2008). The economics of climate change. The American Economic Review, 98(2), 1-37. Tsay, R. S. (2005). Analysis of financial time series: Wiley-Interscience. van Duin, J. H. R., Quak, H., & Munuzuri, J. (2010). New challenges for urban consolidation centres: A case study in The Hague. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(3), 6177-6188. Visser, J., Binsbergen, A. V., & Nemoto, T. (1999). Urban freight transport policy and planning. Paper presented at the City Logistics.
摘要: 
都市化帶動商業多元化發展,增加了商品的運輸需求,也使都市交通問題和環境污染問題日漸嚴重。為了解決都市交通問題,許多國家政府以法規和政策限制貨車進入都市,但過多的法令限制阻礙了經濟發展。本研究以政府部門觀點出發,在不影響都市經濟發展和解決交通與環境問題的動機下,協助私部門建構都市貨物整運中心(Urban Consolidation Center) ,試圖減緩物流業對都市所造成的汙染。都市貨物整運中心的構想為在貨物送達市中心的零售商前,先行集中於市郊的都市貨物整運中心,待貨品集中後,統一由整運中心進行貨物配送。

過去研究指出,透過政府參與建構都市貨物整運中能有效促使整運中心成功營運。在以環境保護和降低溫室氣體排放為前提下,本研究提出一套以碳價為基準的政府補助措施,來協助私部門建構都市貨物整運中心。本研究運用系統模擬建立簡單的都市貨物整運中心模型,計算成立整運中心後所減少的二氧化碳排放量。此外,以歐洲市場二氧化碳價格為基準,建構碳價模型來預估未來二氧化碳價格,以此做為補貼的依據。

運用數值分析結果發現,都市貨物整運中心能夠有效減少進入都市的貨車數量達91%,二氧化碳排放量平均每月減少181.3噸。補貼金額平均每月為22026元。以碳價為基準的補貼金額會依國際二氧化碳排放價格和廠商實際減少的二氧化碳排放量而變動,以固定金額補貼的機制則不然。政府採取以碳價為基準的補貼方式提供了廠商降低碳排放的經濟誘因,同時也達到社會公平的補貼原則和環境保護之目標。

The urbanization drives business diversification and increases the demand for the transport of goods. Urban traffic problems and environmental pollution problems have become more serious. In order to solve the urban traffic problems, many countries use regulations and policies to control the trucks accessing the city. However, restrictions will hinder economic development. Under the motivation of avoiding hindrance of city economic development and solving traffic and environmental problems, this study focuses on reducing the pollution caused by the logistics industry in the city. This study stands on the perspective that government assists the private sectors to construct urban consolidation center. The idea of the urban consolidation center is that cargos will be centralized in urban consolidation center, which is on the outskirts of the city, before the delivery of goods to the city center retailers, and then the cargos will be consolidated and distributed by urban consolidation center.

Past studies have pointed out that government involvement can effectively promote the operating success of an urban consolidation center. Under the premises that governments have the responsibility to protect the environment and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, this study proposes a carbon-based government subsidy measures to help the private sector to construct the urban consolidation center. In this study, we use system simulation to create a simple urban consolidation center model to calculate the establishment of the reduction of carbon dioxide emission. In addition, we use the European market price of carbon dioxide as a reference to construct carbon price model to predict the future price of carbon dioxide and use this as a basis for subsidies.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/21422
其他識別: U0005-2306201300124000
Appears in Collections:企業管理學系所

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