Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/21430
標題: 正、逆向物流系統整合之越庫作業模擬設計與分析─都市貨物整運中心之應用
The Simulation Design and Analysis of the Integrated Cross-Docking in Forward and Reverse Logistics: Using the Urban Consolidation Centre as an Example
作者: 趙根漢
Chao, Ken-Han
關鍵字: 逆向物流;Reverse logistics;越庫作業;系統模擬;都市貨物整運中心;Cross-docking;System simulation;Urban Consolidation Centre
出版社: 企業管理學系所
引用: 一、中文文獻 供應鏈管理(李宗儒、張育仁、陳秀育、褚志鵬與顏進儒譯)(民99)。台北市:華泰。 阿保榮司(1989)。物流基礎(第一版)(黎志榮譯)。北京市:人民交通。(原作出版年:1983)。 郭星顯(2012)。以越庫模式建立都市貨物整運中心之研究。國立東華大學運籌管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,花蓮縣。 哈瑞(民87)。系統模擬。(簡聰海、鄒靖寧譯)。台北市:高立。 蘇雄義(民94)。物流與運籌管理:觀念、機能、整合。台北市:華泰。 蘇士哲(民95)。英漢、漢英物流管理辭典(增修訂二版)。台中市:源中出版社。 顏憶如與張淳智(民94)。物流管理原理、方法與實例。新北市:前程文化事業有限公司。 美國供應鏈管理專業協會網站,Available: http://cscmp.org/default.asp 二、英文文獻 Abdolvand, N., & Kurnia, S. (2005). The EPC Technology Implications on Cross-Docking. Paper presented at the San Diego International Systems Conference. Apte, U. M., & Viswanathan, S. (2000). Effective Cross Docking for Improving Distribution Efficiencies. International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, 3(3), 291-302. Badeau, P., Guertin, F., Gendreau, M., Potvin, J.-Y., & Taillard, E. (1997). A Parallel Tabu Search Heuristic for the Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 5(2), 109-122. Bartholdi III, J. J., & Gue, K. R. (2004). The Best Shape for a Crossdock. Transportation Science, 38(2), 235-244. Browne, M., Sweet, M., Woodburn, A., & Allen, J. (2005). Urban Freight Consolidation Centres Final Report. Transport Studies Group, University of Westminster.   Carter, C. R., & Ellram, L. M. (1998). Reverse Logistics: a review of the literature and framework for future investigation. Journal of Business Logistics, 19(1), 85-102. Eriksson, J. R., & Svensson, T. (2008). Efficiency in Goods Distribution Collaboration in Cities: SAMLIC: VTI. Fleischmann, M., Bloemhof-Ruwaard, J. M., Dekker, R., van der Laan, E., van Nunen, J. A. E. E., & Van Wassenhove, L. N. (1997). Quantitative Models for Reverse Logistics: A review. European Journal of Operational Research, 103(1), 1-17. Fleischmann, M., Krikke, H. R., Dekker, R., & Flapper, S. D. P. (2000). A Characterisation of Logistics Networks for Product Recovery. Omega, 28(6), 653-666. Fraser, M. D. (1992). Simulation. Potentials, IEEE, 11(1), 15-18. Hoover, S. V., & Perry, R. F. (1984). Validation of simulation models: The weak/missing link. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 16th conference on Winter simulation. Law, A. M. (2007). Simulation modeling and analysis. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. Lindhqvist, T. (2000). Extended Producer Responsibility in Cleaner Production: Policy Principle to Promote Environmental Improvements of Product Systems. Rohrer, M. (1995). Simulation and cross docking. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 27th conference on Winter simulation. Rovee-Collier, C., Evancio, S., & Earley, L. A. (1995). The Time Window Hypothesis: Spacing Effects. Infant Behavior and Development, 18(1), 69-78. Stock, J. R. (1992), Reverse logistics, Oak Brook Illinois: Council of Logistics Management, 1-10. Tibben-Lembke, R. S., & Rogers, D. S. (2002). Differences Between Forward and Reverse Logistics in a Retail Environment. Supply Chain Management: An international Journal, 7(5), 271-282. van Duin, J., Quak, H., & Mu uzuri, J. (2010). New Challenges for Urban Consolidation Centres: A Case Study in The Hague. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(3), 6177-6188. Vogt, J. J. (2010). The Successful Cross-Dock Based Supply Chain. Journal of Business Logistics, 31(1), 99-119.   Wang, J., & Regan, A. (2008). Real-Time Trailer Scheduling for Crossdock Operations. Transportation Journal, 47(2), 5. Yang, K. K., Balakrishnan, J., & Cheng, C. H. (2010). An Analysis of Factors Affecting Cross Docking Operations. Journal of Business Logistics, 31(1), 121-148.
摘要: 
本研究試圖透過越庫作業將整正向物流與逆向物流予以整併,並且在市中心的郊區設立一個都市貨物整運中心(Urban Consolidation Centre, UCC),藉以讓廠商在追求物流效率的同時,可以兼顧製造商延伸的責任(Extended Producer Responsibility, EPR)。

我們擬定了倉儲設施與越庫策略,並利用系統模擬比較了策略間的優劣,此外我們還分析了貨車到達率、貨物數量以及理貨順序對於時間績效的影響。

研究結果指出在正向物流中,設有共用門的策略在車輛到達率於相異水準下所產生的時間績效是較佳的;缺乏共用門的策略則是在貨物數量於相異水準下所產生的時間績效較佳。而在逆向物流裡,儘管理貨順序的更動將會提高缺乏共用門策略的效率,然而和設有共用門的策略相比,其績效依舊較差;最後,理貨順序的更動對設有共用門的策略卻並沒有太大的影響,理由可能是因為設有共用門的策略已達到最佳的效率。

在未來相關議題的研究上,我們建議研究者能夠進一步提出新的策略,並以實際數據設定相關參數,俾使模擬結果更臻完善。

The study tries to set an Urban Consolidation Centre in the suburban area that combines forward logistics and reverse logistics by cross-docking, which helps firms take their Extended Producer Responsibility(EPR)while increasing the efficiency in logistics system.

We figure out some cross-docking facilities and strategies, and then compare the strategies’ performances by system simulation; we also test the effects of arrival rates of trucks, loads in trucks, and the process orders of loads on performances.

The results show that in forward logistics, the strategies with pooled doors have better performances in terms of the arrival rates of trucks, while the strategies without pooled doors have better performances in terms of the loads in trucks. In reverse logistics, although changing the load processing orders can improve the performances of the strategies without pooled doors, but there’s no effect on the performances of the strategies with pooled doors. Even so, the strategies with pooled doors are still outstanding.

We suggest that future studies can propose more scheduling strategies and use real data to obtain the parameters such that the simulation results become more complete.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/21430
其他識別: U0005-1812201217040400
Appears in Collections:企業管理學系所

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