Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/21863
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.advisorProf. Bernard Y. KAOen_US
dc.contributor.advisor陸大榮zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisor高玉泉zh_TW
dc.contributor.author程子綺zh_TW
dc.date2005zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T07:16:43Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T07:16:43Z-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/21863-
dc.description.abstractTaiwan is a small island with high population density. Its limited lands and unstable climate have, to a certain extent, restricted the agricultural development. As such, it is hard to control the productivity and quality of the crops. Consequently, the government and numerous academic research institutions of Taiwan have been investing resources and efforts in developing novel planting techniques to improve the situation. As a member of WTO, Taiwan is bound to integrate its economy to the world market which certainly will bring a tremendous impact on Taiwan's agriculture. The essence of WTO's Agricultural Agreement is to promote an agricultural liberalization: each member state shall reduce or exempt the tariffs on agricultural products for fair competition within other member nations. Under this agreement, the imported agricultural products will impact and compete fiercely in the domestic agricultural markets. Agricultural technology innovations, therefore, become a major vehicle to cope with the competition. How to protect the innovative technologies from illegal use is now a main concern of the plant breeders. This dissertation, based on these points of view, discuss the agricultural biotechnology and its related legal issues. The E.U.U.S., Japan and Taiwan's laws regarding plant variety protection will be examined and compared. Focus is placed on the issue of whether new plant varieties should be protected by patent law or the so-call “plant breeder's right”. Last but not least, this dissertation seeks to provide suggestions and recommendations to Taiwan's sustainable agricultural developmentsen_US
dc.description.abstract我國自古以農立國,尤其是台灣地區地狹人稠,且易受天候影響,農作物產量與品質均不容易控制,因此政府部門與學界業界,不斷地投入人力物力等資源,創新改良農業作物的生產技術,以提升農產品的產量與品質。台灣加入WTO之後,勢將與全球經貿體系做更為緊密的結合,農業將首當其衝地面臨考驗。WTO農業協定之目的在促成農產品自由化,亦即各個國家必須降低其農產品相關的關稅及非關稅限制,以讓他國農產品有相對公平的競爭環境。因此我國農業將受到進口農產品的影響,喪失競爭力。為保持競爭力,農業技術的持續創新成為重要課題,但如何保有創新的成果不被盜用,也成為植物育種家關注的焦點。 故本研究將以此為出發點,以智慧財產權法規中的植物種苗法來探討植物品種之保護外,並將進一步討論是否有必要以專利法來保護植物新品種。最後本論文針對台灣發展農業永續發展政策作出學術探討後之結論建議。zh_TW
dc.description.tableofcontents目 錄 第一章 緒論 1 第一節 研究動機 1 第二節 研究目的 3 第三節 研究流程 4 第二章植物新品種的國際保護規範 7 第一節 沿革 7 第二節 國際植物新品種保護公約相關規定 9 一、保護方式 10 二、保護的範圍 11 三、保護要件 11 四、育種者權利 12 五、關於育種者權利的期限及其無效 14 第三節 小結 14 第四節TRIPS與農業智慧財產權之相關規定 21 一、TRIPS制定的沿革 21 二、TRIPS的架構 25 三、TRIPS的通則及基本原則 25 四、TRIPS有關植物品種的保護 26 第三章 各國法律簡介 35 第一節 美國 35 一、美國植物保護的立法背景 35 二、美國植物保護制度 37 第二節日本 50 一、種苗法 51 二、專利法 57 三、小結 62 第三節 歐盟 63 一、歐盟之共同體植物品種權規則﹙The community Plant variety Right,簡稱CPVR﹚2100/94號指令 64 二、歐洲專利公約 (The European Patent Convention,簡稱EPC) 69 三、歐盟生物技術發明保護指令98/44號 72 四、小結 80 第四章 我國現行植物權利保護及其限制 82 第一節 植物品種及種苗法立法沿革 82 一、立法背景及沿革 82 二、修正重點 84 三、「植物種苗法」與「植物品種及種苗法」之條文比較 86 四、植物品種及種苗法暨相關子法 96 第二節 專利法 98 一、立法背景 98 二、相關條文 101 第三節 我國專利權與植物品種權之比較 110 一、我國專利權與品種權之差異 110 第四節 小結 113 第五節 我國植物品種權實施現況 113 第五章 結論 116zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher科技管理研究所zh_TW
dc.subject專利zh_TW
dc.subjectpatenten_US
dc.subject植物品種zh_TW
dc.subject育種家免責zh_TW
dc.subject農民免責zh_TW
dc.subjectUPOVzh_TW
dc.subjectTRIPSzh_TW
dc.subjectplant varietyen_US
dc.subjectbreeder's exemptionen_US
dc.subjectfarmer's exemptionen_US
dc.subjectUPOVen_US
dc.subjectTRIPS.en_US
dc.titleA Study on the Plant Variety Rightsen_US
dc.title植物品種權之研究zh_TW
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.grantfulltextnone-
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