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標題: 武陵地區三種溪流蛙類(盤古蟾蜍、斯文豪氏赤蛙與梭德氏赤蛙)之食性研究
Food Habits of Three Stream-Living Frogs (Bufo bankorensis, Odorrana swinhoana, and Rana sauteri) in the Wu-lin Area
作者: 張文宏
Jhang, Wen-Hung
關鍵字: food habits;食性;feeding strategy;reproduction;Bufo bankorensis;Odorrana swinhoana;Rana sauteri;攝食策略;生殖;盤古蟾蜍;斯文豪氏赤蛙;梭德氏赤蛙
出版社: 生命科學系所
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Food habits of three sympatric frogs, Bufo bankorensis, Odorrana swinhoana and Rana sauteri, were investigated in the Wu-lin area by stomach content analysis. All three species feed mainly on arthropods, especially on insects. The diet of B. bankorensis consists primarily of the orders Coleoptera, Diptera, and Hymenoptera; that of O. swinhoana of the orders Anura, Araneae, and Diptera; and the diet of R. sauteri of the orders Diptera, Araneae, and Coleoptera. Although food niche overlap of the three sympatric frogs was high, there still existed some differences in diet composition and habitat prefrence. Male B. bankorensis had higher feeding rate during breeding seasons than during non-breeding seasons; but male R. sauteri had lower feeding rate during breeding seasons. Feeding rates of females and juveniles of both species were not impacted by reproduction. Furthermore, food niche breadth of B. bankorensis and R. sauteri was higher during non-breeding seasons than during breeding seasons. There were not enough samples of O. swinhoana to ascertain the breeding seasons, or to determine the relationship between reproduction and feeding strategy. Based on quantitative analysis of pitfall samples of invertebrates and frog stomach contents, both B. bankorensis and R. sauteri showed prefernce to specific prey items, and were not foraging randomly.
其他識別: U0005-0308200600473500
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