Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/22372
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor廖天賜zh_TW
dc.contributorTien-Szu Liaoen_US
dc.contributor陳朝圳zh_TW
dc.contributorChaur-Tzuhn Chenen_US
dc.contributor.advisor翁仁憲zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorJen-Hsien Wengen_US
dc.contributor.author賴冠名zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorLai, Kuan-Mingen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2007zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T07:17:51Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T07:17:51Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2006200613333000zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/22372-
dc.description.abstract為比較在不同海拔及季節下,C3及C4植物的光系統II(photosystem II, PSII)之光能分配情形,選擇在台灣分佈廣泛的C3型常綠針葉樹:台灣二葉松(Pinus taiwanensis)與伴生的C4型多年生草本植物:高山芒(Miscanthus transmorrisonensis)及五節芒(M. floridulus)為材料,於2003年9月起至2006年2月止,分別在塔塔加(2,600 m a.s.l.)及惠蓀林場(800 m a.s.l.)測定不同光子流密度(photosynthetic photon flux density, PPFD)下的葉綠素螢光(chlorophyll fluorescence)。結果顯示,台灣二葉松及芒草在冬季低溫時皆會提高光照下的熱消散之能量比例(thermal dissipation in the light, DL),以避免過多光能進入PSII反應中心(reaction center, RC)。而兩者的過剩光能之能量比例(excess energy, E)在各季節及不同PPFD下皆無明顯變化,顯示冬季低溫時,其PSII最大光化學潛能(maximum PSII photochemical efficiency, Fv/Fm)之降低主要肇因於調降(down-regulation)PSII效能的光保護作用(photoprotection)。台灣二葉松在冬季的Fv/Fm及各季節的PSII光化學電子傳遞之能量比例(photochemical electron transport, P)皆高於芒草,但DL則明顯較低,且當P值降低時,其分配至DL的比例亦低於芒草。此乃由於台灣二葉松屬於C3植物,能利用光呼吸作用(photorespiration)協助過剩光能之排除,故能保有較高的Fv/Fm及P。而C4型的芒草則無光呼吸,故須藉由高比例的非光化學消散(DL+L,其中L代表黑暗下失去之能量比例,即energy lost in the dark)來排除天線系統(antenna)所吸收的光能。台灣二葉松的Fv/Fm、P及DL+L之變化與氣溫及PPFD皆有良好相關,故可利用氣溫及PPFD進行各光能分配之推估。至於芒草則僅Fv/Fm與DL之變化與氣溫有顯著相關,其P與E則終年維持在低範圍,變化不明顯。 為利用葉綠素螢光及葉片反射光譜(spectral reflectance)以簡便方法推估植物在不同海拔、季節及PPFD下之光合作用能力,以生長在塔塔加及惠蓀林場的台灣二葉松進行測定。結果顯示,可藉由光化學反射指數(photochemical reflectance index, PRI)、氣溫及PPFD之複迴歸方程式進行兩地台灣二葉松的P之推估。但在相同的P值下,塔塔加的台灣二葉松其光利用效率(light-use efficiency, LUE)明顯高於惠蓀林場測得者。此乃由於塔塔加位處高海拔地區,其氣溫較低,故光呼吸消耗掉的光能較少。至於台灣二葉松的淨光合速率(net photosynthesis rate, Pn)則可利用PRI及氣溫或PPFD之複迴歸方程式進行推估。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThe chlorophyll fluorescence of one C3 evergreen conifer (Pinus taiwanensis Hayata) and two C4 perennial grasses (Miscanthus transmorrisonensis Hayata and M. floridulus (Labill.) Warb. ex K. Schum. & Lauterb.) were investigated at predawn and different photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) in Tatachia (2,600 m a.s.l.) and Hui-Sun Forest Station (800 m a.s.l.) from September 2003 to February 2006. In winter, they both increase the thermal dissipation in the light (DL) to avoid excess absorbed light energy being transferred into the reaction center (RC) of photosystem II (PSII). In addition, the excess energy (E) sustaining in low range (0.1 ~ 0.2) in any season and PPFD reveals that the reducing of maximum PSII photochemical efficiency (Fv/Fm) ascribes to photoprotection by down-regulation of the PSII efficiency, rather than photoinhibition. C3 plants could dissipate part of excess energy by photorespiration, which is absent in C4 plants. Compared to P. taiwanensis, it is necessary for M. transmorrisonensis and M. floridulus to maintain high proportion of non-photochemical dissipation (DL+L; L, energy lost in the dark) to expel excess absorbed light energy. Consequently, these two plants have lower propotion of photochemical electron transport (P) and higher propotion of DL+L than P. taiwanensis. The variation of Fv/Fm, P, and DL+L of P. taiwanensis is significantly related to temperature and PPFD, and this could be utilized to estimate the energy allocation. Based on PRI (photochemical reflectance index), temperature, and PPFD, multiple regression equation could also help estimate P of P. taiwanensis. At the same P, however, the light-use efficiency (LUE) of P. taiwanensis in Tatachia is significantly higher than in Hui-Sun Forest Station. Due to lower temperature at high elevation, photorespiration consumes less energy in Tatachia. As for the net photosynthesis rate (Pn), it could be estimated through the multiple equations of PRI, PRIpd (PRI at predawn), and temperature or PPFD. Applying leaf spectral reflectance accompanied by chlorophyll fluorescence, temperature and PPFD, the equations of this research could easily and accurately estimate the photosynthesis capacity of P. taiwanensis in different seasons and PPFD.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要..........................i Abstract.......................iii 前言..........................1 前人研究........................3 材料與方法(一)....................12 材料與方法(二)....................16 結果(一).......................19 結果(二).......................42 討論..........................61 結論..........................65 參考文獻........................66zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher生命科學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2006200613333000en_US
dc.subject葉綠素螢光zh_TW
dc.subjectclorophyll fluorescenceen_US
dc.subject最大光化學潛能zh_TW
dc.subject光化學電子傳遞zh_TW
dc.subject熱消散zh_TW
dc.subject過剩能量zh_TW
dc.subject反射光譜zh_TW
dc.subject光化學反射指數zh_TW
dc.subject葉黃素循環zh_TW
dc.subject光合作用zh_TW
dc.subject光合速率zh_TW
dc.subject光利用效率zh_TW
dc.subject光呼吸zh_TW
dc.subject光子流密度zh_TW
dc.subject光系統二zh_TW
dc.subject能量分配zh_TW
dc.subject推估zh_TW
dc.subject季節變化zh_TW
dc.subject低溫zh_TW
dc.subject海拔zh_TW
dc.subject調降zh_TW
dc.subject光保護zh_TW
dc.subject台灣二葉松zh_TW
dc.subject高山芒zh_TW
dc.subject五節芒zh_TW
dc.subjectC3植物zh_TW
dc.subjectC4植物zh_TW
dc.subjectFv/Fmen_US
dc.subjectphotochemical electron transporten_US
dc.subjectthermal dissipationen_US
dc.subjectexcess energyen_US
dc.subjectspectral reflectanceen_US
dc.subjectphotochemical reflectance indexen_US
dc.subjectxanthophyll cycleen_US
dc.subjectphotosynthesisen_US
dc.subjectphotosynthesis rateen_US
dc.subjectlight-use efficiencyen_US
dc.subjectphotorespirationen_US
dc.subjectPPFDen_US
dc.subjectPSIIen_US
dc.subjectenergy allocationen_US
dc.subjectestimationen_US
dc.subjectseasonal variationen_US
dc.subjectlow temperatureen_US
dc.subjectelevationen_US
dc.subjectdown-regulationen_US
dc.subjectphotoprotectionen_US
dc.subjectPinus taiwanensisen_US
dc.subjectMiscanthus transmorrisonensisen_US
dc.subjectMiscanthus floridulusen_US
dc.subjectC3 planten_US
dc.subjectC4 planten_US
dc.title台灣二葉松及芒草在不同海拔及季節之光能利用zh_TW
dc.titleUsing of Absorbed Light in PSII for Pinus taiwanensis, Miscanthus transmorrisonensis, and M. floridulus in Different Seasons and Elevationen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.grantfulltextnone-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
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