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標題: 以底棲鞘翅目與蜘蛛目群聚組成探討台北市富陽自然公園之棲地現況
Interpretation of the habitat of Fu-Yang urban park in Taipei by using the community composition of epigaeic beetles and spiders (Coleoptera and Araneae)
作者: 范文欣
Fan, Wen-Hsin
關鍵字: indicator species;指標物種;morphospecies;pitfall trap;environmental monitoring;Coleoptera;Arane;形態種;掉落式陷阱;鞘翅目;蜘蛛目;環境監測
出版社: 生命科學系所
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Indicator species are species chosen to reflect rapidly the changes of habitat conditions, or to predict the diversity of other taxa. A good indicator species is not only representing the critical ecological variations but also providing meaningful clues during environmental changes. Therefore, it provides meaningful ecological information than the message of direct measurement of environmental factors. Beetles(Coleoptera)and spiders(Araneae)are groups of epigaeic invertebrates which were well-developed taxonomically and ecologically. They are sensitive to the environmental changes and the on going fragmentation of habitats. Since they are active on soil surface, abundant and easy to monitor, we use the epigaeic beetles and spiders as the target species to develop the potential indicators for monitoring the habitat of Fu-Yang urban park in Taipei. The study focused on the habitat preferences of beetle and spider as well as identifying the indicator species for the different types of habitat. I collected beetles and spiders by using pitfall traps on seven transect lines at Fu-Yang urban park in Taipei from July 2005 to February 2006. Individual animal specimen was brought back to laboratory and identified to the family and morphospecies level.
Multiple regression was successfully used to predict the individuals and number of beetles and spiders by the percentage of steepness of the habitat with negative coefficients. And the percentage of grass coverage was also negatively correlated with the individuals and number of beetles. The wood coverage and litter coverage significantly predict the individuals of spiders with negative regression coefficients. And the litter coverage was positively correlated with number of spider. The empirical model can be explained with the ecological characteristics of saprophage and omnivore
guilds of beetles and the presence of dominant species of spiders. Each sampling site was assigned to each of the four habitat groups by using clustering technique based on the abundance of beetles and spiders respectively. We exclude the habitat typeⅠof beetles and the habitat type A of spiders from indicator species analysis. The Scolytidae A and B were the beetle generalist and have the highest indicator value(100%);Staphylinidae A is the indicator species for the high vegetation and litter coverage habitat type;the indicator species of 「Ⅲ-high wood coverage」habitat type are Nitidulidae D and C. The generalist of spider is Linyphiidae A which has the highest indictor value(83%);the indicator species for the habitat with high exposures of sun light are Lycosidae A、Oonopidae A and Gnaphosidae A;the indicator species for 「C-slope exposed to the sun」habitat type are Clubionidae C、Zodariidae A、Liocranidae A、Liocranidae A and Heteropodidae A;the indicator species for「D-low wood coverage valley」habitat type are Lycosidae C and Agelenidae C. These indicator species identified could be used to monitor the quality of biotopes, and lead to develop some strategies for setting and managing healthy habitats for the park.
其他識別: U0005-2408200602180300
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