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標題: 利用穩定性碳與氮同位素探討蘭陽溪食物網結構與影響之環境因子
Using the stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes to construct trophic structures of Lanyang River and to explore the influencing environmental factors
作者: 張玄勳
Chang, Hsuan-Hsun
關鍵字: Lanyang River;蘭陽溪;δ13C;δ15N;food sources;disturbance;water velocity;穩定碳;氮同位素;食物來源;干擾;流速
出版社: 生命科學系所
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蘭陽溪流域環境因子的主成份分析顯示,環境因子沒有月份間差異;但測站可以區分為主流以及支流之不同,主要區分的環境因子為總懸浮物質以及流速,主流測站有較多的總懸浮物質,以及較快的流速。蘭陽溪流域基礎能量來源的δ15N 值較哈盆溪重,顯示有人為污水影響。穩定性碳、氮同位素分析發現;主
本研究顯示溪水流速是干擾蘭陽溪流域的主要環境因子,溪水流速造成的影響主要反映在δ15N 差值上,但流速對於溪流食物鏈長度的影響,於本研究並不顯著。

This research utilizes stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes to construct the foodwebs of the Lanyang River and to explore the influencing environmental factors.
PCA analysis of the environmental factor of the study sites in the Lanyang Rivershow no temporal, but spatial differences. The most important factors are total suspended matter (TSM) and water velocity. The enrichment of δ15N of primaryproducers indicates the influence of human sewage. The structure of food web is looser in the main-stream in comparison to that of tributary, suggesting that the unstable environment with high water velocity may cause less abundance of biotathere. Coarse particulate organic matter (CPOM) and fine particulate organic matter
(FPOM) were the major food sources for consumers in the upper tributary. In contrast,periphyton and FPOM were the major food sources for consumer in lower tributary.
In the main stream, the speculative food sources appeared not contributing to consumers there which may be due to the unstable environment. Analysis of stable isotope ratio of the FPOM, suggests that the terrestrial carbon sources were more important than oceanic carbon sources in contributing to the estuary FPOM.
The main disturbance to the main stream is water velocity, δ15N value shifted with velocity effect. Increasing water velocity appeared to decrease the abundance of biota, but had lilltle effect on the length of food chain.
其他識別: U0005-0706200717243900
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