Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2282
標題: 添加富氫氣體於四行程噴射機車引擎中之性能和排氣探討
Studies of the four-stroke engine performance and exhaust emission with the addition of hydrogen-rich gas
作者: 駱庭煜
Luo, Ting-Yu
關鍵字: 富氫氣體;Hydrogen-rich gas;甲醇重組器;噴射機車引擎;噴油脈寬;噴油控制;Methanol Reformer;Fuel Injected Gasoline Motorcycle Engine;Pulse Width;Modulation Controlled Fuel Injection
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: [1]行政院環境保護署,http://www.epa.gov.tw/ch/aioshow.aspx?busin=12379&path=12402&guid=49e091dc-dc59-423d-9d5a-f65f79a60e67&lang=zh-tw [2]行政院環境保護署-交通空具空氣汙染物排放標準,http://ivy3.epa.gov.tw/epalaw/index.aspx?ctype=B&cid=epalaw&oid=www [3]2007能源科技發展研究白皮書,http://www.moeaec.gov.tw/Policy/PoMain.aspx?PageId=energytechwhitepaper [4]http://www.autonet.com.tw [5]http://auto.msn.com.tw/news_content.aspx?sn=0801014050 [6]http://www.methanol.org/fuelcell/ [7]http://www.popularmechanics.com/automotive/new_cars/1266826.html?page=2 [8]http://big5.nikkeibp.com.cn/news/auto/35552-200309190107.html [9]賴銘彬、洪榮芳,〝節能式火花放電之常壓電漿燃料轉換 器產氫特性研究〞,碩士論文,崑山科技大學機械工程系,民國96年。 [10]林弘民、盧昭暉,〝燃料電池用自發熱甲醇重組器性能量測與數值模擬〞,中興大學機械工程研究所,民國93年。 [11]林仁信、盧昭暉,〝自發熱甲醇重組器製氫性能量測〞,中興大學機械工程研究所,民國94年。 [12]何建儒、盧昭暉,〝內建熱源式甲醇重組器性能量測〞,中興大學機械工程研究所,民國96年。 [13]潘英豪、盧昭暉,〝陣列型甲醇重組器分析探討〞,中興大學機械工程研究所,民國96年。 [14] E. Porpatham, A. Ramesh *, B. Nagalingam,〝Effect of hydrogen addition on the performance of a biogas fuelled spark ignition engine〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.32, pp. 2057 – 2065, 2007. [15]S.O. Bade Shrestha, G.A. Karim, 〝Hydrogen as an additive to methane for spark ignition engine applications〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.24, pp. 577-586, 1999. [16] G. A. Karim, I. Wierzba and Y. Al-Alousi, 〝Methane-hydrogen mixtures as fuels〞, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol.21, No. 7, pp. 625- 631, 1996. [17]T. D’Andrea, P.F. Henshaw, D.S.-K. Ting, 〝The addition of hydrogen to a gasoline-fuelled SI engine〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.29, pp. 1541 – 1552, 2004. [18]Erol Kahramana, S. Cihangir Ozcanlıb, Baris Ozerdem, 〝 An experimental study on performance and emission characteristics of a hydrogen fuelled spark ignition engine〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.32, pp. 2066-2072, 2007. [19] Nafiz Kahraman, Bilge C¸ epera, S. Orhan Akansu, Kadir Aydin,〝Investigation of combustion characteristics and emissions in a spark-ignition engine fuelled with natural gas–hydrogen blends〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , vol.34, pp.1026-1034, 2009. [20] Maher Abdul-Resul Sadiq Al-Baghdadi, 〝Performance study of a four-stroke spark ignition engine working with both of hydrogen and ethyl alcohol as supplementary fuel〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.25, pp.1005±1009, 2000. [21] Fanhua Ma, Haiquan Liu, Yu Wang, Yong Li, Junjun Wang, Shuli Zhao, 〝Combustion and emission characteristics of a port-injection HCNG engine under various ignition timings〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 33, pp.816-822, 2008. [22]Hailin Li, Ghazi A. Karim, 〝Exhaust emissions from an SI engine operating on gaseous fuel mixtures containing hydrogen〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.30, pp.1491-1499, 2005. [23]Ali Mohammadi, Masahiro Shioji,Yasuyuki Nakai,Wataru Ishikura, Eizo Tabo, 〝Performance and combustion characteristics of a direct injection SI hydrogen engine〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.32, pp.296-304, 2007. [24]Nicolae Apostolescu, Radu Chiriac, 〝A study of combustion of hydrogen-enriched gasoline in a spark ignition engine〞, SAE paper no. 960603, pp. 26-29, 1996. [25]Y.Y. Kim, Jong T. Lee, Gyeung H. Choi, 〝An investigation on the causes of cycle variation in direct injection hydrogen fueled engines〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.30, pp.69-76, 2005. [26]Tomohiro Shinagawa, Takeshi Okumura, Shigeo Furuno and Kyoung-Oh Kim, 〝Effects of Hydrogen Addition to SI Engine on Knock Behavior〞, SAE paper, 2004. [27] Erjiang Hu, Zuohua Huang, Bing Liu, Jianjun Zheng, Xiaolei Gu, 〝Experimental study on combustion characteristics of a spark-ignition engine fueled with natural gas–hydrogen blends combining with EGR〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.34, pp.1035-1044, 2009. [28]Erjiang Hu, Zuohua Huang, Bing Liu, Jianjun Zheng, Xiaolei Gu, Bin Huang, 〝Experimental investigation on performance and emissions of a spark-ignition engine fuelled with natural gas–hydrogen blends combined with EGR〞, International journal of hydrogen energy, vol.34, pp.528-539, 2009. [29]高實祥、陳智桀、石育岑、林克衛、盧昭暉,〝電子噴射式機車引擎使用富氫氣體輔助燃燒之研究〞,財團法人車輛研究測試中心,The 12th National Conference on Vehicle Engineering,2007. [30]廖慶聰、黃慶村、洪榮芳、許晉嘉、蔡賢德、陳智勇、陳榮勳、謝嘉文,〝富氫氣體輔助燃燒之內燃機運轉性能測試〞,行政院原子能委員會委託研究計畫研究報告,計畫編號:942001INER025,民國94年。 [31]陳智勇、謝嘉文、江謝廷州、陳榮勳、張育源、洪榮芳,〝機車引擎添加富氫氣體測試研究〞,大學專題,崑山科技大學機械工程系,民國95年。 [32]洪榮芳,廖慶聰,許晉嘉,黃慶村,趙裕,〝富氫氣體為四行程機車引擎添加燃料之性能與污染排放實驗研究〞,中華民國燃燒學會第十六屆學術研討會,民國95年。 [33]洪榮芳,廖慶聰,黃慶村,趙裕,許晉嘉,賴銘彬,〝重組器產生富氫氣體為四行程機車引擎添加燃料之實驗研究〞, 中國機械工程學會第二十三屆全國學術研討會論文集,民國95年。 [34]許晉嘉、洪榮芳。〝富氫氣體為輔助燃料之機車引擎性能與污染排放特性研究〞,碩士論文,昆山科技大學機械工程系,民國96年。 [35]溫智升,洪榮芳,〝車載型電漿重組器產出富氫氣體為機車輔助燃料之行車特性探討〞,碩士論文,昆山科技大學機械工程系,民國97年。 [36]陳厚良,〝替代性燃油-汽醇對機車引擎排放特性之研究〞,碩士論文,屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系,民國93年。 [37] James W. Heffel, 〝NOx emission and performance data for a hydrogen fueled internal combustion engine at 1500 rpm using exhaust gas recirculation〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.28, pp.901-908, 2003. [38]James W. Heffel, 〝NOx emission reduction in a hydrogen fueled internal combustion engine at 3000 rpm using exhaust gas recirculation〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.28, pp.1285-1292, 2003. [39]Teruo Suzuki and Yoshihito Sakurai, 〝Effect of Hydrogen Rich Gas and Gasoline Mixed Combustion on Spark Ignition Engine〞, SAE PAPER, 2006. [40]S. J. LEE, H. S. YI, and E. S. KIM, 〝Combustion characteristics of intake port injection type hydrogen fueled engine〞, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 317-322, 1995. [41]Edward J. Tully and John B. Heywood, 〝Lean-burn characteristics of a gasoline engine enriched with hydrogen from a plasmatron fuel reformer〞, SAE paper, 2003. [42]G. G. Lucas and W. L. Richards, 〝The Hydrogen/Petrol Engine-The Means to Give Good Part Load Thermal Efficiency〞, SAE paper,pp.22-26, 1982. [43]Changwei Ji, Shuofeng Wang, 〝Effect of hydrogen addition on the idle performance of a spark ignited gasoline engine at stoichiometric condition〞, International journal of hydrogen energy, pp.1-11, 2009. [44]P. VAN BLARIGAN and J. O. KELLER, 〝A Hydrogen fuelled internal combustion engine designed for single speed/power operation〞, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 23, No. 7, pp. 603-609, 1998. [45]Thomas Wallner, Henning Lohse-Busch, Neeraj Shidore, 〝Operating strategy for a hydrogen engine for improved drive-cycle efficiency and emissions behavior〞, International journal of hydrogen energy, pp.1-9, 2008. [46]D. Yap, S.M. Peucheret, A. Megaritis, M. L. Wyszynski, H. Xu,〝Natural gas HCCI engine operation with exhaust gas fuel reforming〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 31, pp. 587-595, 2006. [47]Matthew G. Shirk, Thomas P. McGuire, Gary L. Neal, Daniel C. Haworth, 〝Investigation of a hydrogen-assisted combustion system for a light-duty diesel vehicle〞, International journal of hydrogen energy , vol. 33, pp. 7237-7244, 2008. [48]T. Thurnheer, P. Soltic, P. Dimopoulos Eggenschwiler, 〝S.I. engine fuelled with gasoline, methane and methane/hydrogen blends: Heat release and loss analysis〞, International journal of hydrogen energy, vol. 34, pp. 2494-2503, 2009. [49]Fanhua Ma,YuWang, Haiquan Liu,Yong Li, JunjunWang, Shuli Zhao,〝Experimental study on thermal efficiency and emission characteristics of a lean burn hydrogen enriched natural gas engine〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 32, pp. 5067-5075, 2007. [50]C.G. Bauer, T.W. Forest, 〝Effect of hydrogen addition on the performance of methane-fueled vehicles. Part I: effect on S.I. engine performance〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 26, pp. 55-70, 2001. [51]C.G. Bauer, T.W. Forest, 〝Effect of hydrogen addition on the performance of methane-fueled vehicles. Part II: driving cycle simulations〞, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 26, pp. 71-90, 2001. [52]R. Hari Ganesh, V. Subramanian, V. Balasubramanian, J.M. Mallikarjuna, A. Ramesh, R.P. Sharma, 〝Hydrogen fueled spark ignition engine with electronically controlled manifold injection: An experimental study〞,Renewable Energy, vol. 33, pp. 1324-1333, 2008. [53]杜啟綸,盧昭暉,〝機車排氣檢測對污染改善之影響〞,碩士論文,中興大學機械工程系,民國88年。
摘要: 
本研究進行添加富氫氣體於四行程機車引擎中之性能和排氣污染的探討。最大之特色是結合甲醇重組器與富氫引擎的技術,利用引擎排氣的廢熱作為重組器之熱源,而重組器產生之富氫氣體再導入引擎中使用。這種作法的好處是利用一方面利用廢熱回收,一方面利用氫氣稀薄燃燒的特性,可以有效提高引擎的整體熱效率。
另外,本研究室設計出一套硬體,可用來調整引擎噴油脈寬,使得在添加富氫氣體時,能夠即時改變噴油量。
本研究目前僅完成一部分,為使用純氫氣和高壓鋼瓶模擬甲醇重組器產生之重組氣體,導入四行程噴射機車引擎中作為汽油添加劑,探討引擎之性能和汙染排放變化。
在實驗結果的部分,發現不論是添加氫氣或是富氫氣體,只要在引擎噴油量和添加氣體量之間找到一最佳之範圍,就能對引擎有最好的助益。本研究發現對於添加富氫氣體部分,在性能部分(60 %TPS,添加富氫氣體7.5 L/min),扭力改善率最高可達約75 %(4000 rpm,A/F=21.31),而BSFC也可改善約65 %。在污染排放的部分,HC改善效果最好發生在4000 rpm,A/F=21.31 時,約99 %。在CO2和NOx改善率最佳則分別發生在3000 rpm(A/F=20.67)和3000 rpm(A/F=16.2),分別有68 %和95 %的改善。

This research is to investigate the performance and the exhaust emissions of four-stroke fuel injected gasoline motorcycle engine with the addition of hydrogen-rich gas. The specific feature of this study is to combine the technique of methanol reformer and hydrogen-rich engine. The exhaust heat from engine was used as a renewable heat for reformer. Meanwhile, the hydrogen-rich gas which is generated by the reformer was used as extra fuel through a pipe for the engine continuously. The whole engine performance was promoted efficiently by recycling the heat and using the lean-burn characteristic of hydrogen.
A device was designed to change the amount of fuel injected instantly while adding the hydrogen-rich gas.
This research completed measurements of the performance and the exhaust emissions of four-stroke fuel injected gasoline motorcycle engine with the addition of pure hydrogen or hydrogen-rich gas which came from high-pressured cylinder.
The experimental result concluded that adding either pure hydrogen or hydrogen-rich gas had similar benefits. There is a proper ratio range between the volume of fuel injection and the volume of hydrogen addition. The research found that when the hydrogen-rich gas 7.5 L/min were added to engine, running on 4000 rpm, 60 % throttle position, the torque and the engine's fuel consumption could promote 75 % and 65 %, respectively. And mentioned for the exhaust's pollutions, the best improvement of HC was 99 % (4000 rpm, A/F=21.31), the improvement of CO2 was 68 % (3000 rpm,A/F=20.67), and the improvement of NOx was 95 % (3000 rpm,A/F=16.2).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2282
其他識別: U0005-1808200917512500
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

Show full item record
 
TAIR Related Article

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.