Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Environmental Consciousness and Knowledge Level of Carbon Emission Reduction toward Behavioral Change Intentions
|關鍵字:||減碳;環境意識;知識程度;訊息接收||出版社:||行銷學系所||引用:||REFERENCE Abdellaoui, M., Vossmann, F., & Weber, M. (2005). Choice-based elicitation and decomposition of decision weights for gains and losses under uncertainty. Management Science, 51(9), 1384-1399. Animal Benefits Association, Republic of China (2009, November). Earth-saving Carbon Reduction Fair in Da An Park. Retrieved from http://www.dog99.org.tw/news.htm Awad, E. M., & Ghaziri, H. M. (2004). Knowledge Management (1st ed.). New Jersey: Person Education, Inc. Beatty, S. E. & Smith, S. M. (1987). External search effort: An investigation across several product categories. Journal of Consumer Research, 14(1), 83-95. Bechtel, R. B., Verdugo, V. C., & Pinheiro, J. de Q. (1999). Environmental belief systems: United States, Brazil, and Mexico. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 30(1), 122-128. Bell, A. (1994). Media (mis)communication on the science of climate change. Public Understanding of Science, 3(4), 259-275. Bettman, J. R. & Park, C. W. (1980). Effects of prior knowledge and experience and phase of the choice process on consumer decision processes. Journal of Consumer Research, 7(3), 234-248. Blackwell, R. D., Miniard, P. W., & Engel, J. F. (2006). Consumer Behavior (10th ed.). Boston: South-Western College Publishing. Bord, R. J, O’Connor, R. E., & Fisher, A. (2000). In what sense does the public need to understand global climate change? Public Understanding of Science, 9(3), 205-218. Bostrom, A., Morgan, M. G., Fischhoff, B., & Read, D. (1994). What do people know about global climate change? 1. Mental models. Risk Analysis, 14(6), 959-970. Bostrom, A., Barke, B., Turaga, R. M. R., & O’Connor, R. E. (2007). Environmental concerns and the New Environmental Paradigm in Bulgaria. The Journal of Environmental Education, 37(3), 25-40. Brucks, M. (1985). The effects of product class knowledge on information search behavior. Journal of Consumer Research, 12(1), 1-16. Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, R. O. C. (2010, May19). Carbon Reduction 520-Ministry of Economic Affairs, Five New Policies for Saving Energy and Carbon Reduction. Retrieved from http://blog.roodo.com/sevenyeh/archives/9106843.html Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Republic of China. (2010). Questions about Saving Energy. Retrieved from http://www.moeaboe.gov.tw/PublicService/Question/PSQMain.aspx?PageId=gas_4 Buy Green, Republic of China (2010). Retrieved from http://www.buygreentw.net/search.aspx?c=6 Chan, K. K. W. (1999). Mass media and environmental knowledge of secondary school students in Hong Kong. The Environmentalist, 19(2), 85-97. Corbett J. B., & Durfee J. L. (2004). Testing Public (Un)Certainty of Science. Science Communication, 26(2), 129-151. Cox, D. F. (1967). Risk Taking and Information Handling in Consumer Behavior. Boston: Harvard University. Daudi, S. S. (2008). Environmental literacy: A system of best-fit for promoting environmental awareness in low literate communities. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 7(3), 76-82. Davenport, T. H., & Prusak, L. (2000). Working Knowledge. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1-24. Department of Budget, Accounting and Statistics of Taipei City Government. Retrieved from http://22.214.171.124/pxweb2007-tp/dialog/statfile9.asp Department of Household Registration Affairs, M.O.I. Republic of China. Retrieved from http://www.ris.gov.tw/gateway/population.cgi?s_code=m1&sheet0name=s2 Disinger, J. F., & Roth, C. E. (1992). Environmental literacy. Columbus, OH: ERIC/CSMEE Digest. (ERIC document reproduction service No. ED351201). Dunlap, R. E. & Van Liere, K. D. (1978). The “New Environmental Paradigm”: A proposed measuring instrument and preliminary results. Journal of Environmental Education, 9(4), 10-19. Dunlap, R. E., Van Liere, K. D., Mertig, A. G., & Jones R. E. (2000). Measuring endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm: A revised NEP Scale. Journal of Social Issues, 56(3), 425-442. EcoLife, Environmental Protection Administration Executive Yuan, Republic of China. (2010). Big Action. Retrieved from http://ecolife.epa.gov.tw/Cooler/BigAction_item.aspx EcoLife, Environmental Protection Administration Executive Yuan, Republic of China. (2010). CO2 emission calculation from household appliances. CO2 Reduction Methods for Citizens, p. 51. Retrieved from http://ecolife.epa.gov.tw/_userinfo/Cooler/Download/02/7.全民二氧化碳減量.pdf EcoLife, Environmental Protection Administration Executive Yuan, Republic of China. (2010). Methods of Carbon Reduction. Retrieved from http://ecolife.epa.gov.tw/Cooler/download.aspx#G Edgell, M. C. R., & Nowell, D. E. (1989). The Environmental Paradigm Scale: Wildlife and environmental beliefs in British Columbia. Society and Natural Resources, 2(1), 285-296. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy, United States. (2010). Advantages and Challenges of Wind Energy. Retrieved from http://www1.eere.energy.gov/windandhydro/wind_ad.html Energy Information Administration, United States. (2010). Kilowatt Hour (KWH). Retrieved from http://www.eia.gov/tools/glossary/index.cfm?id=K#kwhour Energy Star, United States. (2010). Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER). Retrieved from http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=lchvac.pr_crit_lchvac Energy Star, United States. (2010). Find ENERGY STAR Products. Retrieved from http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=products.pr_find_es_products Environmental Protection Administration Executive Yuan, Republic of China. (2010). Policies for Energy Saving and Carbon Reduction. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov.tw/ch/aioshow.aspx?busin=12379&path=12403&guid=3c1ee813-33d2-4c79-9579-834c089dd983&lang=zh-tw Environmental Protection Agency, United States. (2010). Climate Change, What You Can Do. Retrieved from http://epa.gov/climatechange/wycd/index.html Erdoğan, N. (2009). Testing the New Ecological Paradigm Scale: Turkish case. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(10), 1023-1031. Furman, A. (1998). A note on environmental concern in a developing country: Results from an Istanbul survey. Environment and Behavior, 30(4), 520-534. Gooch, G. D. (1995). Environmental beliefs and attitudes in Sweden and the Baltic States. Environment and Behavior, 27(4), 513-539. Gregory, G. D. & Leo, M. (2003). Repeated behavior and environmental psychology: The role of personal involvement and habit formation in explaining water consumption. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33(6), 1261-1296. Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J. & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis: A global perspective (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Hoch, S. T., & Deighton, J. (1989). Managing what consumers learn from experience. The Journal of Marketing, 53(2), 1-20. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, First Assessment Report (FAR), Scientific Assessment of Climate Change, Policymakers summary (1990), p. 16. Retrieved from http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/far/wg_I/ipcc_far_wg_I_full_report.pdf Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), Synthesis Report, Climate Change (2007). Retrieved from http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr.pdf International Energy Agency, CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion Highlights (2010). Retrieved from http://www.iea.org/co2highlights/co2highlights.pdf Johnson, E. & Russo, J. E. (1984). Product familiarity and learning new information. Journal of Consumer Research, 11(1), 542-550. Johnson, D. E. (1998). Applied Multivariate Methods for Data Analysis. California: Thomson Publishing Inc. Kahlor, L., & Rosenthal, S. (2009). If we seek, do we learn? Predicting knowledge of global warming. Science Communication, 30(3), 380-414. Kaiser, F. G., Wölfing, S., & Fuhrer, U. (1999). Environmental attitude and ecological behavior. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19(1), 1-19. Kaltenborn, B. P., Bjerke, T. & Strumse, E. (1998). Diverging Attitudes Towards Predators: Do Environmental Beliefs Play a Part? Human Ecology Review, 5(2), 1-9. Kempton, W., Boster, J., & Hartley, J. (1995). Environmental Values in American Culture. Cambridge: MIT Press. Key World Energy Statistics, International Energy Agency (2010). Retrieved from http://www.iea.org/textbase/nppdf/free/2010/key_stats_2010.pdf Knowledge Center, Energy Park, Republic of China. (2010). Energy Efficiency Ratio (EER). Retrieved from http://www.energypark.org.tw/news/knowledge/upt.asp?p0=6&mId=15&CategoryId=48&sId=126 Knowledge Center, Energy Park, Republic of China. (2010). Saving Energy in Daily Lives. Retrieved from http://www.energypark.org.tw/news/knowledge/listlevel.asp?mId=15&CategoryId=48&sId=126 Lalonde, R., Jackson, E. L. (2002). The New Environmental Paradigm Scale: Has it outlived its usefulness? Journal of Environmental Education, 33(4), 28-36. La Trobe, H. & Acott, T. G. (2000). A modified NEP/DSP environmental attitudes scale. Journal of Environmental Education, 32(1), 12-20. Libutti L., & Valente A. (2006). Science Communication and information dissemination: the role of the information professional in the perception and awareness of science project. Journal of Information Science, 32(2), 191-197. Mobley, C., Vagias, W. M., & DeWard, S. L. (2010). Exploring additional determinants of environmentally responsible behavior: The influence of environmental literature and environmental Attitudes. Environment and Behavior, 42(4), 420-447. Mowen, J. C., & Minor, M. S. (2001). Consumer Behavior: A framework (1st ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Nisbet, M. C., Scheufele D. A., Shanahan J., Moy P., Brossard D., & Lewenstein B. V. (2002). Knowledge, reservations, or promise? A media effects model for public perception of science and technology. Communication Research, 29(5), 584-608. Nooney, J. G., Woodrum, E., Hoban, T. J. & Clifford, W. B. (2003). Environmental worldview and behavior: Consequences of dimensionality in a survey of North Carolinians. Environment and Behavior, 35(6), 763-783. Pelletier, L. G., Tuson, K. M., Green-Demers, I., Noels, K., & Beaton, A. M. (1998). Why are you doing things for the environment? The Motivation Toward the Environment Scale (MTES). Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28(5), 437-468. Peter, M. (2009, March) Saving energy, it starts at home. National Geographic, 99, 2-7. Peterson, R. A. (1994). A meta-analysis of Cronbach’s coefficient alpha. Journal of Consumer Research, 21(2), 381-391. Pickett-Baker, J. & Ozaki, R. (2008). Pro-environmental products: Marketing influence on consumer purchase decision. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 25(5), 281-193. Poortinga, W., Steg, L., & Vlek, C. (2002). Environmental risk concern and preferences for energy-saving measures. Environment and Behavior, 34(4), 455-478. Punj, G. N. & Staelin, R. (1983). A model of consumer information search behavior for new automobiles. Journal of Consumer Research, 9(4), 366-380. Rauwald, K. S. & Moore, C. F. (2002). Environmental attitudes as predictors of policy support across three countries. Environment and Behavior, 34(6), 709-739. Read, D., Bostrom, A., Morgan, M. G., Fischhoff, B., & Smuts, T. (1994). What do people know about global climate change? 2. Survey studies of educated laypeople. Risk Analysis, 14(6), 971-982. Roberts, J. A. & Bacon, D. R. (1997). Exploring the subtle relationships between environmental concern and ecologically conscious consumer behavior. Journal of Business Research, 40(1), 79-89. Roth, C. E. (1992). Environmental literacy: It’s roots, evolution, and direction in the 1990s. Columbus, OH: ERIC/CSMEE Digest. (ERIC document reproduction service No. ED348235). Stamm, K. R., Clark, F., & Eblacas, P. R. (2000). Mass communication and public understanding of environmental problems: The case of global warming. Public Understanding of Science, 9(3), 219-37. Taiwan Power Company. (2009). CO2 Emission Factors of Electricity. Retrieved from http://www.taipower.com.tw/TaipowerWeb//upload/files/1/d98060501.pdf Thapa, B. (1999). Environmentalism: The relation of environmental attitudes and environmentally responsible behaviors among undergraduate students. Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society, 19(5), 426-438. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (1978). The Tbilisi Declaration. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0003/000327/032763eo.pdf United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (2009). Copenhagen Accord. Retrieved from http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2009/cop15/eng/l07.pdf United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (2010). Kyoto Protocol. Retrieved from http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/items/2830.php Van Petegem, P. & Blieck, A. (2006). The environmental worldview of children: A cross-cultural perspective. Environmental Education Research, 12(5), 625-635. Wilson, K. M. (1995). Mass media as sources of global warming knowledge. Mass Communication Review, 22(1/2), 75-89. Wilson K. M. (2000). Drought, debate, and uncertainty: Measuring reporters’ knowledge and ignorance about climate change. Public Understanding of Science, 9(1), 1-13. Zhang, Y. G. (2009, October 8). Bangkok Climate Change Talks. Retrieved from http://blog.chinatimes.com/lowestc/archive/2009/10/08/439571.html||摘要:||
Greenhouse gases (GHGs) have increased rapidly and resulted in intensified problems of global warming in the past few decades. Human activities were considered to be the main sources of the increase in concentration of GHGs since the mid-twentieth century. Sufficient knowledge is the key factor to support pro-environmental behavior of individuals; hence, the importance of raising consumers'' awareness of causes and effects of carbon emissions and further motivating behavioral changes toward carbon reduction cannot be overemphasized.
This study was undertaken to investigate how individuals obtained information of carbon dioxide emissions and what their intentions in carbon reduction would be. The New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) Scale was utilized to measure individuals'' environmental consciousness and further to examine how it was linked to carbon reduction intentions and behavior.
The results revealed that television was the media used by the majority of respondents in obtaining carbon reduction information, followed by newspapers, books, and magazines. In addition, information related to carbon reduction on the internet did not draw as much attention as those broadcasted in television. Information related to how to implement carbon reduction actions in daily lives drew relatively higher level of attention, followed by information of carbon reduction policies. However, respondents paid less attention to information related to carbon reduction activities and facts of per capita carbon emission volume. When information was too technical or too complicated, respondents would have difficulties to comprehend.
Based on the results of this study, respondents with different knowledge levels would form various attitudes toward ecological environment. It seemed like that higher knowledge levels in carbon emission reduction would lead to higher levels of environmental consciousness. Individuals with higher knowledge levels would be more likely to have stronger intentions in carbon reduction; however, stronger carbon reduction intentions were not directly linked to more environmentally friendly lifestyles.
|Appears in Collections:||行銷學系所|
Show full item record
TAIR Related Article
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.