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標題: 以中觀生態池探討草食作用下營養鹽添加對松藻、軸孔珊瑚及海葵交互作用的影響
Top-down vs. Bottom-up control on the competitive interactions between hard coral, sea anemone and macroalga
作者: 張又仁
Chang, Yu-Jen
關鍵字: complex-interaction;複雜交互作用;C:N:P ratio;photosynthesis efficiency;zooxanthellae;碳氮磷比例;光合作用效率;共生藻
出版社: 生命科學系所
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本研究利用中觀生態池(mesocosm)模擬台灣墾丁珊瑚礁海域,探討在草食作用(魚類及海膽)下,營養鹽添加對於食用松藻(Codium edule)、華美中海葵(Mesactinia ganesis)與美麗軸孔珊瑚(Acropora muricata)之間的影響。結果顯示草食作用下,控制組的松藻覆蓋度於一週內隨即減少90%,添加組亦受草食作用抑制,主要以海膽為主。控制組松藻由於寡養環境,每單位氮與磷的百分比明顯低於營養鹽添加組。但是元素組成的改變並沒有看出動物嗜口性的差別。此外營養鹽添加處理之珊瑚的光合作用效率較好,共生藻數量、共生藻葉綠素a濃度與總蛋白量皆較控制組高。海葵共生藻數量與葉綠素a含量變化與珊瑚相似,添加組約為控制組的兩倍。當海葵有營養鹽添加處理或是與珊瑚一起放置時,生長狀況較好,而當海葵與松藻共處時則會減輕重量,顯示出競爭關係。總而言之,即使添加營養鹽,草食作用仍能抑制松藻的生物量,但是增生的海葵亦會攻擊、造成珊瑚死亡。而營養鹽添加能夠提高珊瑚忍受力,使其受到干擾的影響減小。

A mesocosm experiment was carried out to examine the interactive effects of grazing (fish and sea urchins) and nutrient enrichment on competitive interactions between the macroalga Codium edule, the sea anemone Mesactinia ganesis, and the scleractian coral Acropora muricata in Kenting, southern Taiwan. The results showed that the macroalga in the controls and enriched tanks declined 90% by grazing within a week. Corals in the enrich tanks showed better photosynthetic efficiency, greater cell number of zooxanthellae, higher chlorophyll a and total protein contents than those in the controls. Cell number of zooxanthellae in sea anemone in the enriched tanks was about 2-fold of that in the controls. Sea anemones grew better in the enriched tanks or with corals, but the biomass decreased when growing with the macroalga. Conclusively, macroalgal biomass was controlled by the grazing in enriched tanks. However, coral was hurt by the attacks of sea anemone. Nutrient enrichment appears to increase the resistance of coral to the attacks.
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