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標題: IL-16在非小細胞肺癌之臨床意義
Clinical Significance of IL-16 in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
作者: 林宜嫻
Lin, Yi-Shyan
關鍵字: 介白質-16;IL-16;CD4受體;膜蛋白Fas;CD4 receptor;Fas
出版社: 生命科學院碩士在職專班
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IL-16是第一個被證實對人類T淋巴細胞具有趨化活性特徵的細胞激素,因此被稱為淋巴細胞化學趨化因子(lymphocyte chemoattractant factor,LCF)。因其結構上第22個胺基酸位置含有單一個半胱胺酸殘基而被歸屬於C化學趨化激素(C-chemokines)的家族成員之一。IL-16作用在表現CD4受體的細胞,不但可趨化標的細胞聚集至發炎部位,也能調節參與先天性免疫的單核球及應變性免疫的樹突細胞及T淋巴細胞,形成發炎及免疫反應之間的橋樑,近年來更被學者發現可抑制HIV-1的複製,此外,IL-16也會向上調節細胞表現IL-2受體,亦可向下調節Fas的表現,也與細胞週期G0/G1的調控有關,這些機制都和細胞增殖以及免疫監控之逃避有關,腫瘤細胞是否以上述各種不同作用逃避宿主之免疫監控,目前所知有限;並且到目前為止,腫瘤細胞是否表現IL-16、表現程度如何,尚未有文獻發表過,有待更進一步的探討。

Interleukine-16 (IL-16) is the first identified as a chemoattractant characterized for human T lymphocytes; and IL-16 was therefore named as lymphocyte chemoattractant factor (LCF). Based on a single cysteine identified at the position of 22nd amino acid, IL-16 was recognized as a member of C-chemokine family. In general, IL-16 reacts with cells that express CD4 receptor. Owing to its chemoattractant feature,IL-16 not only can accumulate target cells in the inflammatory site, but also mediate monocyte-related innate immunity. IL-16 also plays a role in activating dendritic cells and T lymphocytes that are essential for acquired immunity as well as inflammation and immune responses. Recently, IL-16 was further shown to repress HIV-1 replication. In addition, IL-16 could up-regulate expression of interleukine-2 receptor , down-regulate expression of Fas and induce cell cycle progression from G0 to G1, the mechanisms that are closely associated with tumor cell proliferation and the escape of immune surveillance. Nonetheless, whether tumor cells took advantage of these characteristics to avoid host immune control are yet to be determined, and they are worthy for more detailed investigation.
In this study, we investigated the expression of IL-16 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by using in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Our results showed that IL-16 was overexpressed in more than 70% of lung cancer cells. Survival analysis further demonstrated that patients with higher level of IL-16 expression had the worse prognosis. Therefore, our data suggested that the level of IL-16 in lung cancer cells might be a new tumor marker for NSCLC.
其他識別: U0005-0308200619132000
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