Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23217
標題: 山羊乳中乳清蛋白與總生菌數於季節變化之研究
Study of Seasonal Variations on Whey Proteins and Total Bacterial Counts in Dairy Goat's Milk
作者: 葉晴
Yeh, Ching
關鍵字: 乳清蛋白;whey proteins;乳鐵蛋白;羊乳
出版社: 生命科學院碩士在職專班
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摘要: 
乳清含有多種功能性蛋白,對於新生仔畜來說具有提供免疫保護、生長及抗微生物感染等特殊的功能,其中乳鐵蛋白(Lactoferrin,LF)更具有多項保健功能。本研究以簡易方式萃取得乳清蛋白並分離出高純度乳鐵蛋白,同時分析羊隻分娩後1-5日初乳與正常乳,探討山羊乳中各乳清蛋白與總生菌數於季節變化的情形。結果發現總生菌數及血清白蛋白在夏季顯著高於冬季(p<0.05),而LF及免疫球蛋白之濃度在正常乳中呈現穩定狀態。分娩後1-2日初乳中各乳清蛋白濃度顯著高於第3日後的濃度,第3-5日初乳中各乳清蛋白則與正常乳期在濃度上無顯著差異。綜合以上得知,總生菌數於10萬CFU/ml以下之正常乳,其乳鐵蛋白與免疫球蛋白濃度不會隨著季節、品種與胎次等因素有顯著差異,或可提供開發羊乳乳清蛋白為健康食品時之相關參考。

Whey, a protein complex derived from milk, has a number of physiological properties targeted at providing immunoprotective, growth and antimicrobial factors to the neonate. One of biological components in whey is lactoferrin (LF) provided with more health-care functions. This study is helpful for extracting whey proteins (WPs) of goat's milk and separating high-purity LF. Seasonal variations on WPs and total bacterial counts (TBCs) in dairy goat's milk were evaluated from colostrums within 5 days after parturition and normal lactating periods. TBCs and serum albumin were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in summer than in winter. The concentrations of LF and immunoglobulin (Ig) of normal lactating periods did not differ among seasons. In first two days after parturition, WPs in colostrums were significantly higher than those beyond the 3rd day. However WPs were not different between 3rd to 5th days after parturition and normal lactating periods. These results indicated that the concentrations of LF and Ig in normal lactating milk with TBCs under 100000 CFU/ml did not differ among seasons, breeds or parities. Therefore it may serve as a reference for expanding the commercial use of WPs in goat's milk.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23217
其他識別: U0005-2208200616184800
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