Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23603
標題: 次生林和半自然環境食蛇龜活動模式、微棲地利用和活動範圍
Activity Pattern, Microhabitat Use and Home Range of the Yellow-Margined Box Turtle (Cuora flavomarginata) in Secondary Forest and Semi-natural Habitats.
作者: 陳帝溶
Chen, Di-Rong
關鍵字: Cuora flavomarginata;食蛇龜;Radio tracking;home range;data logger;無線電追蹤;活動範圍;自動記錄器
出版社: 生命科學系所
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摘要: 
近年來台灣各地食蛇龜(Cuora flavomarginata)族群生存主要面臨兩種衝擊,分別是人為非法獵捕和棲地遭受破壞。2007年雲林縣興建的湖山水庫即為棲地破壞的一例。過往的調查已知湖山水庫集水區有食蛇龜分布,水庫的興建勢必影響當地食蛇龜的生存,本研究利用在2008及2009年由水庫預定地移出至臨時保育區的168隻食蛇龜以及保育區周圍的野生個體,做長期的追蹤以了解棲地使用方式、活動模式、和活動範圍。於2008年九月至2010年十二月每月於保育區內捕捉食蛇龜以觀察活動情形;2009年四月至2010年十二月每週一次利用無線電紀錄食蛇龜的活動範圍;日活動模式以及環境因子資料則是利用動態及溫度光度自動記錄器紀錄。本地區的食蛇龜活動期為四月到十月,渡冬期則為十一月至三月,且園區內食蛇龜的平均捕獲率在活動期和渡冬期分別是13.82和1.67%,具有顯著差異。食蛇龜在活動期的日活動時間集中在兩個不同的時段,分別是早上0600到0900與下午1500到1900間。食蛇龜活動時的體表溫度在活動期主要分佈在23到27℃;高於在渡冬期則的18到21℃。雄性食蛇龜平均活動範圍為1.7公頃、雌性則為6.33公頃。食蛇龜渡冬期的平均活動範圍面積為活動期的10.9%,而活動範圍有87.6%與活動期範圍重疊。追蹤期間約95%的食蛇龜定位點是躲藏在草叢或是落葉下,覆蓋度的資料顯示他們喜好躲藏在具有高冠層覆蓋度(80%-100%)的地點。相較於活動期(3.6%),在渡冬期間食蛇龜較常被發現躲藏於土內(25%)。

In recent years, the yellow-margined box turtles (Cuora flavomarginata) in Taiwan are threatened by illegal harvest and habitat destruction. In Yunlin Country, a new reservoir has been under construction since 2007, the project area is inhabited by this turtle. In 2008 and 2009, 168 turtles were collected from the project area and moved to a temporary enclosed area. Trappings were carried out every month in the enclosed area from September 2008 to December 2010. Radio-tracking was conducted on 14 radio-tagged turtles were tracked once every week from April 2009 to December 2010. Daily activity pattern and some environmental parameters were recorded using acceleration and temperature/light data loggers from October 2009 to December 2010. The active period of the turtles was from April to October, and the overwintering period from November to March. Mean capture rates in the enclosed area were 13.82% and 1.67%, in active and overwintering periods, respectively. Activities were peaked in two periods between April and October, one between 06 – 09 hr, and the other one between 15 – 19 hr. When the turtles were active, shell surface temperature was mainly ranged from 23 – 27℃ in the active period, and 18 – 21℃ in the overwintering period. Mean home range size of male turtles was 1.7 ha, and that of females was 6.33 ha. The average home range size reduced 89 % from the active to the overwintering period. Home ranges during the active and overwintering periods overlapped about 88 %. Ninety-five percent of the turtles were found resting under cover by herb or leaf litters during the tracking period. Turtles generally used the location with highest canopy tree cover (80%-100%). During overwintering periods, turtles were more likely to bury themselves in the soil (25%) than in the active periods (3.6%).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23603
其他識別: U0005-0302201216552300
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