Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23612
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dc.contributor尤少彬zh_TW
dc.contributorShao-Pin Yoen_US
dc.contributor許富雄zh_TW
dc.contributorFu-Hsiung Hsuen_US
dc.contributor.advisor吳聲海zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorSheng-Hai Wuen_US
dc.contributor.author盧宜岑zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorLu, Yi-Cenen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2013zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T07:20:47Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T07:20:47Z-
dc.identifierU0005-0302201221280000zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/23612-
dc.description.abstract毛髮為哺乳類重要的代表特徵之一,為生物體表向外衍生的突出長形結構;不同物種的毛髮外形、顏色與結構多樣,常被當成鑑定物種的工具之一。鼩鼱是一群食蟲的小型哺乳類,大部分物種外形、毛色相像,對於路死個體或是缺損的標本更是難以單由外形分辨種類,因此本研究觀察並比較台灣八種鼩鼱之毛髮顯微結構,嘗試了解這些結構應用於鑑定種類的可行性。鼩鼱毛髮有保護毛(guard hair)與絨毛(underfur)兩種類型,保護毛又分為第一型(GH1)與第二型(GH2)。本研究隨機挑選各物種10隻冬天與10隻夏天個體之GH2,並描述其毛鱗片、髓質與切面等三種類型的微結構,從中選取25個質性與量化特徵,並探討季節間毛髮特徵的差異。結果發現短尾鼩、水鼩和小麝鼩較具有獨特的形態特徵。大部分物種的毛髮到了冬天明顯變長,且種內之髓質特徵有顯著的季節差異。但種間之差異大於種內季節差異,利用多變量分析仍可有效鑑別不同種類。髓質特徵的鑑別率比毛鱗片特徵的鑑別率高;又以短尾鼩、水鼩、小麝鼩三種的鑑別率最高(大於80%)。鼩鼱毛髮上特殊的側溝(lateral groove)以鼩鼱亞科(Soricinae)種類有較複雜的溝槽結構。毛髮特徵獲得的演化樹並不符合現今之分子親緣關係演化樹,反而顯示出大體型的鼩鼱具有較多的共同特徵。多樣又獨特的毛髮形態與結構可能反映了其對應於體型及環境的彈性。毛髮進一步的生態意義與可能扮演的角色則於文中討論之。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractHair is one of the representative characters of mammals, which is a protruding external cuticular structure with various appearance, color and formation, and has been used for species identification. Shrews (family Soricidae) belong to a group of small insectivorous mammals with similar appearance and color that it is difficult to correctly identify species, especially for carcasses or damaged specimens. In this study, the microstructures of the hairs of eight shrew species from Taiwan were described, and its potential value for species identification was evaluated. Shrews have long guard hairs and soft and short underfur, the former can be classified into guard hair type 1 (GH1) and guard hair type 2 (GH2). I examined GH2 of winter and summer pelage of each species, and described 25 qualitative and quantitative characters from the cuticle, medulla and cross section of the hair. Anourosorex yamashinai, Chimarrogale himalayica, and Crocidura shantungensis had unique forms of morphological characters compared to other species. The hair length of most shrews was significantly longer in winter. Hair characters, especially in medulla, had larger variation between seasons in most species; but the interspecific differences were greater than the intraspecific variation, it is possible to distinguish different species using canonical discriminant analysis (CDA). The classifying power based on medullary characters was better than that based on cuticular characters; more than 80% of the hairs from A. yamashinai, Cm. himalayica, and C. shantungensis could be correctly assigned. The unique lateral groove found in the hairs of shrews has more complex structures in the subfamily Soricinae. Phylogenetic relationship derived from hair characters did not conform to molecular phylogeny; instead, large-sized shrews shared common characters and were grouped together. The diverse and unique forms of hair microstructures in shrews may reflect the flexibility corresponding to their body size and the environments they inhabit. The ecological meanings and the roles of hairs were also discussed.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontentsContent Introduction 1 1. Hair appearance and types 1 2. Hair formation and component 2 3. Diagnostic characters of hair 3 4. The target: shrews (Soricomorpha: Soricidae) from Taiwan 4 5. The aims of the study 5 Materials and methods 6 1. Hair samples and cleaning 6 2. Microscopic observation 6 2.1. Light microscope (LM) 6 2.2. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) 7 3. Definitions of hair characters 7 3.1. Qualitative characters 7 3.2. Quantitative characters 10 4. Statistical analysis 11 5. Phylogenetic analysis 13 Results 15 1. Basic morphological description of hairs 15 1.1. Soricidae 16 1.1.1. Anourosorex yamashinai 16 1.1.1.a. appearance, color, and medulla 16 1.1.1.b. cuticle and cross section 16 1.1.2. Chimarrogale himalayica 16 1.1.2.a. appearance, color, and medulla 16 1.1.2.b. cuticle and cross section 16 1.1.3. Episoriculus fumidus 17 1.1.3.a. appearance, color, and medulla 17 1.1.3.b. cuticle and cross section 17 1.1.4. Chodsigoa sodalis 17 1.1.4.a. appearance, color, and medulla 17 1.1.4.b. cuticle and cross section 17 1.1.5. Crocidura attenuata tanakae 17 1.1.5.a. appearance, color, and medulla 18 1.1.5.b. cuticle and cross section 18 1.1.6. Crocidura rapax 18 1.1.6.a. appearance, color, and medulla 18 1.1.6.b. cuticle and cross section 18 1.1.7. Crocidura shantungensis 18 1.1.7.a. appearance, color, and medulla 18 1.1.7.b. cuticle and cross section 19 1.1.8. Suncus murinus 19 1.1.8.a. appearance, color, and medulla 19 1.1.8.b. cuticle and cross section 19 1.2. Talpidae 19 1.2.1. Mogera insularis 19 1.2.1.a. appearance, color, and medulla 19 1.2.1.b. cuticle and cross section 19 1.2.2. Mogera kanoana 20 1.2.2.a. appearance, color, and medulla 20 1.2.2.b. cuticle and cross section 20 2. Analysis of hair characters: 20 2.1. Qualitative characters in medulla, cuticle and cross-section 20 2.2. Quantitative characters in medulla and cuticle 21 2.3. Discriminant analysis 22 2.3.1. Combination of medulla and cuticle 22 2.3.2. Separated analysis of medulla and cuticle 23 3. Phylogenetic tree derived from hair characters 24 Discussion 26 1. Exploration of hair characters 26 2. Hair applications and advantages 28 3. Relationship of hair morphology and species phylogeny 29 4. Possible functions and evolutionary adaption of hairs structures 31 Summary 34 References 35en_US
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher生命科學系所zh_TW
dc.subjectSoricidaeen_US
dc.subject尖鼠科zh_TW
dc.subjecthairen_US
dc.subjectmicrostructureen_US
dc.subjectdiscriminant analysisen_US
dc.subjectphylogeneticen_US
dc.subject毛髮zh_TW
dc.subject微結構zh_TW
dc.subject判別分析zh_TW
dc.subject親緣zh_TW
dc.title台灣鼩鼱類(哺乳綱:尖鼠科)毛髮顯微結構及在鑑定種類之應用zh_TW
dc.titleHair Microstructures of Shrews (Mammalia: Soricidae) from Taiwan and Their Application for Species Identificationen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.grantfulltextrestricted-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
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