Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23723
標題: 打鳥埤人工濕地脫硝與厭氧氨氧化作用
Denitrification and anaerobic ammonium oxidation in the Daniaopi Constructed Wetland
作者: 黃筱芬
Huang, Xiao-Fen
關鍵字: anammox;厭氧氨氧化作用;constructed wetland;denitrification;pairing technique;人工濕地;脫硝作用;同位素配對技術
出版社: 生命科學系所
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摘要: 
脫硝(denitrification)與厭氧氨氧化作用(anammox)是水域生態系統中主要的氮移除途徑,可減少沿岸水域之氮源儲存量,進而控制優養化。本研究以打鳥埤人工濕地為例,藉由同位素配對技術(isotope pairing technique, IPT)測量人工濕地中序列淨水單元總體氮移除速率。結果顯示,打鳥埤人工濕地系統中厭氧氨氧化作用鮮少,主要以硝化─脫硝作用為氮移除途徑,且以沉積物為氮匯場所。脫硝作用速率約為0.58~30.42 μM N2 hr-1,季節性變化明顯,以秋季高於夏、冬季;其速率主要與有機物質含量、底棲生物擾動程度、氮鹽可利用性、入流水流量及水滯留時間等因素有關。脫硝作用速率在淨水單元之間略有前期淨水單元高於後期淨水單元的趨勢。由控制實驗結果發現,打鳥埤人工濕地系統脫硝作用受有機物質含量與硝酸鹽濃度調控;脫硝作用速率隨有機物質含量及硝酸鹽濃度增加而攀升,在C/ N比為5時有最佳脫硝作用速率。打鳥埤人工濕地氮移除能力明顯高於其他水域生態系統,顯示大漢溪人工濕地的建置可有效削減生活汙水中的活性氮,進而減緩沿岸水域優養化帶來的衝擊,達到維護沿岸生態系結構與功能之目的。

Denitrification and anammox are the dominant nitrogen loss pathways in aquatic ecosystems, which could control eutrophication by reducing nitrogen pollutants in the water. The aim of our study is to measure total nitrogen removal rates by using isotope pairing technique in all of treatment cells of the Daniaopi Constructed Wetland. The results show that anammox occurred little in the Daniaopi Constructed Wetland, whereas nitrification-denitrification was the major nitrogen removal pathway, in which sediment was the dominant sink of reactive nitrogen. Denitrification rates ranged from 0.58~30.42 μM N2 hr-1, and they were highest in autumn. Denitrification rates of the inlet cell were slightly higher than the outlet cell. Nitrogen removal rates among seasons and treatment cells were different, which were contributed by dissolved oxygen, organic matter content, benthic invertebrates burrowing, nitrogen availability and hydrologic characters. In additional, denitrification rates were controlled by organic matter content and nitrate concentration, achieving a maximum rate at C/ N ratio was 5. The Danaiopi Constructed Wetland possesses much more effective nitrogen removal capacity than other aquatic ecosystems. This suggests that the development of constructed wetlands nearby Dahan river can protect the healthy of riverine ecosystems by reducing excess bio-available nitrogen content of domestic wastewater.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23723
其他識別: U0005-1808201115095000
Appears in Collections:生命科學系所

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