Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23793
標題: 新竹香山溼地四種常見螃蟹之族群動態變化
Population dynamics of four common crab species in Shiangshan wetland at Hsinchu
作者: 顏屏展
Yan, Pin-Jan
關鍵字: Helicana doerjesi;德氏仿厚蟹;Macrophthalmus banzai;population dynamic;Uca arcuata;Uca lacteal;萬歲大眼蟹;族群動態;弧邊招潮蟹;乳白招潮蟹
出版社: 生命科學系所
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摘要: 
新竹市客雅水資源回收中心工程之開發,改變週邊溼地的土壤底質組成。土壤底質為蟹類之重要棲地之主要環境因子,為了解工程開發對溼地蟹類族群之平均體型大小、季節動態以及空間分布是否造成影響,自2008年3月到2010年1月,針對客雅水資源回收中心周邊棲地進行調查,並以地景相似且無工程開發的海山罟作為對照樣區。以乳白招潮蟹、弧邊招潮蟹、萬歲大眼蟹與德氏仿厚蟹為研究對象,測量背甲寬作為代表體型大小的依據,以蟹類季節性數量變化作為族群動態之判別,依據高、中與低潮帶螃蟹分布數量探討空間分布關係。結果顯示,海山罟乳白招潮蟹族群平均背甲寬(9.8 mm)顯著大於中心區乳白招潮蟹族群平均背甲寬(8.5 mm),弧邊招潮蟹在中心區族群平均背甲寬(19.4 mm)顯著較海山罟族群平均背甲寬(15.8 mm)大,而萬歲大眼蟹與德氏仿厚蟹族群在兩地的背甲寬無顯著差異。從族群動態來看,中心區之乳白招潮蟹、弧邊招潮蟹、萬歲大眼蟹與德氏仿厚蟹平均族群數量在季節間皆無顯著差異,而在海山罟之平均族群數量皆有季節間之顯著差異。中心區與海山罟之蟹類族群受潮帶影響而有不同之空間分布。工程開發可能不僅影響乳白招潮蟹之平均體型大小差異,也使萬歲大眼蟹之族群動態產生變化,然而,弧邊招潮蟹與德氏仿厚蟹之族群可能未受工程開發影響。

The construction of Ke-ya water resources recycling center at Hsinchu city has changed the composition of substrate of the wetland. In addition, the wetland substrate was an important environmental factor of the habitat of the crab populations. In order to evaluate the impacts of the construction on the crab populations of the wetland in terms of the body sizes, seasonal population dynamic and spatial distribution, a sampling scheme was conducted at the wetland of Ke-ya water resources recycling center and a study site without any construction at the wetland of Haishangu was used as an experimental control site from March 2008 to January 2010.
The carapace width of Uca lactea, Uca arcuata, Macrophthalmus banzai, and Helicana doerjesi was used as an index for the body size of the crab to determine the age size stage of a crab population in order to study the population dynamic of the crab populations. In addition, the relationship between the spatial distribution of each age stage and the different intertidal zones was also evaluated. The results of this study indicated that the average carapace width of Uca lactea at Haishangu was significantly lager than those of Ke-ya water resources recycling center. However, the average carapace width of Uca arcuata at the wetland of Ke-ya water resources recycling center was larger than those collected at Haishangu. There were no significant difference of the average carapace widths of Macrophthalmus banzai and Helicana doerjesi between thesampless collected at the wetland of Ke-ya water resources recycling center and Haishangu. No seasonal population size changes of Uca lactea, Uca arcuata, Macrophthalmus banzai and Helicana doerjesi at the wetland of Ke-ya water resources recycling center. However, significant seasonal population sizes changes were found at Haishangu. The spatial distribution of Uca lactea, Uca arcuata, Macrophthalmus banzai and Helicana doerjesi varied with the different intertidal zones at the wetland of Ke-ya water resources recycling center and Haishangu. The construction of the water resources recycling center has not only impacted the size of Uca lactea, but also the population dynamic of Macrophthalmus banzai. However, it had no significant impact on the populations of Uca arcuata and Helicana doerjesi.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/23793
其他識別: U0005-2208201120530500
Appears in Collections:生命科學系所

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