Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2382
標題: 小容量風力發電系統之研製
Development of Low-Capacity Wind power Generation system
作者: 洪朝元
Hung, Tsao-Yuan
關鍵字: permanent magnet wind generators;永磁式風力發電機;battery charging systems;three-phase full-wave silicon-controlled rectifier;蓄電池充電系統;三相全波矽控整流器
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: 參考書目 1. 藍偉庭,工研院IEK-ITIS計劃,『我國風力產業之概況』,民國95年。 2. 徐瑞鐘,工研院材料中心,『能源運用青年公民共識會議』,再生能源與現況,2005。 3. 台灣電力公司『台電新增電源計劃』網站:http://www.taipower.com.tw/ 4. C. G. Justus, Winds and Wind System Performance, The Franklin Institute Press, 1978. 5. Nicholas p. Cheremisionff, Fundamentals of Wind Energy, Ann Arbor Science, 1979. 6. D. J. De Renzo, Wind Power Recent Developments, Noyes Data Corporation, 1979. 7. Jack Park, The Wind Power Book, Cheshire Books, 1981. 8. E. Muljadi and C. P. Butterfield, “Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generator,”IEEE Transaction on Industry Applications, vol. 37, no. 1 January/February 2001. 9. 張維智,〝500W風力發電機尾舵斜置保護機構的研製〞,杭州應用工程技術學院學報,第12卷,第4期,pp.5-8,12月2000(大陸)。 10. E. Muljadi, S. Drouilhet and R. Holz, “Analysis of Permanent Magnet Generator for Wind Power Battery Charging”IEEE Conference on Industry Applications, vol. 1, pp.541-548, 1996. 11. 風力發電應用技術研習手冊,財團法人祥和文教基金會主辦,民國90年9月29日。 12. E.Spooner and A.C.Williamson,“Direct Couple, Permanent Magent Generators for Wind Turbine Applications,”IEE Proc-Electr. Power Appl., vol. 143, no. 1, pp.1-8, January 1996. 13. W.Wu, V.S.Ramsden and T. Crawford, G.Hill, “ A Low-Speed, High-Torque, Direct-Drive Permanent Generator,”IEEE Conference on Industry Applications, vol. 1, pp.147-154, 2000. 14. J.Y.Chen and C.V.Nayar,“A Direct-coupled, Wind-driven Permanent Magnet Generator,”IEEE Conference on Energy Management and Power Delivery,vol. 2, pp.542-547, 1998. 15. J.Y.Chen, C.V.Nayar and L.Xu,“Design and Finite-Elenent Analysis of an Outer-Rotor Permanent-Magnet Generator for Directly Couple Wind. 16. 蕭飛賓,白啟正,『400w複合式風力機葉片設計與分析』,第15屆三軍官校基礎學術研討會論文集,台灣高雄,2008 17. David M.E.,and Forrests., Wind Turbine engineering Design,K.Y.,Structural design optimization of wind turbine towers cowputers and structures,74:649-666,2000 18. 洪振義“風力發電原理 ” 財團法人自強基金會 , 台灣台北,2009 19. 陳冬永,固定翼與旋翼遙控複合式教練機的設計,大同大學機械工程研究所 碩士論文,July, 2005 20. 松宮 煇,図解 風力発電のすべて,株式会社 工業調査会, 21. 牛山泉;三野正洋,小型風車ハンドブック[第五版],株式会社パワー社,June, 2004 22. 張添丁等,國科會NSC93-2213-E-167-002 勤益技術學院電機工程系,民國94年7月 23. Ben Wolff and Hans Meyer.Wind Energy,The Franklin Institute Press,1978 24. 24蕭飛賓,江志煌,蔡逸峰,白啟正,『微形風力發電設計』中國機械工程學會第24屆全國學術研討會論文集,台灣桃園,2007 25. IEC(International Electrotechnical Commission), IEC-61400-1,IEC 61400-2, IEC-61400-12 26. 潘宣宏, 小型風力發電機之混合型交-直流轉換器之研製,國立成功大學電機系碩士論文,2006- 27. 賴耿陽,”小型風車設計及製造”富漢出版社,民國九十三年三月。 28. D.C Hanselman,Brushless.Penmanent-magnet motor Design,Mcgraw-Hill Book co.,New York,1994. 29. A.E. Fitzgerald,Charles kingsley,Jr. and steqhen. D.Umans,Electric Machinery McGraw-Hill,1990. 30. J.F.Gierasand M.Wing,Permanent Magnet Motor Technology,Design and Application,Marcel Dekker,Inc.,New York,1997. 31. 何清佳, 電機設計, 全華科技圖書股份有限公司, 1987 32. T, Ishikawa, G. R. Slemon,“A Method of Reducing Ripple Torque in Permanent Magnet Motors Without Skewing,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, Vol. 29, no.2 , pp.2028 -2031, Aug 1992. 33. 梁明祥,電機設計,文笙書局,民國八十六年三月。 34. 邱天基, 陳國堂, 電機機械,全華科技圖書, 民國83 年9 月。 35. 張健民,林文仁,”電機設計”富漢出版社,民國74年2月。 36. 姚天佑,“直流無刷馬達相極和槽數之組合”,機械工業雜誌,pp288-293,81 年6 月。 37. F. Valenciaga,Pablo f. Puleston,and Pedro E. Battaiotto“Power Control of a Solar/Wind Generation System without Wind Measurement A Passivity/Sliding Mode Approach,”IEEE Trans.on Energy Conversion, Vol.18. NO.4. pp501-507, 2003 38. Air403使用手冊,美國southwest風力公司。 39. 林信助,全尺寸小容量風力發電系統風車下游流場特性實驗研究,國立成功大學在職專班碩士論文,2008
摘要: 
論文摘要

本研究主要研製永磁式風力發電機與整流充電器,並搭配市售葉片,構成一組小容量的風能發電系統。本論文首先介紹風力發電之基本原理及特性,其次說明永磁式發電機的設計程序與參數選用,並以2D Transient有限元素分析軟體來分析其磁力線分佈,氣隙磁通密度,頓轉轉矩、及感應電勢等。本研究在動力計上進行發電機的無載測試與負載測試,測試結果顯示,該發電機的感應電勢與理論分析值十分接近,只有4%的誤差。
本研究之整流充電系統,為利用三顆矽控整流器和三顆二極體組成的三相全波矽控整流充電系統,利用VR可變電阻調整元件來做觸發機能,可使發電機端功率因素提高,降低電流諧波含量,得到穩定的直流鏈電壓,提高發電機的運轉效率。
本研究再將所設計的發電機與整流充電器搭配市售葉片進行測試,葉片數為3片、迴轉半徑為0.6m,該系統可以在風速為2.5m/sec輕風下起動,並在風速達4~5m/sec時能開始對12V蓄電池充電。本研究並將該系統的性能與現行市面上販賣的小型風力發電系統Air 403型比較,發現在有阻抗負載的狀況下,本系統的性能與效率較Air 403型高出將近10%。
由於本研究所設計的風力發電系統中,同時利用三相全波矽控整流器做為三相交流發電機與蓄電池組間之耦合裝置,來提高發電機的額定電壓,相對的也提高整體發電系統的效率,使整個系統的輸出效率達到最大化且發電量能有大幅提升。

The generator and rectifier of a small-capacity wind power generation system were developed in this study. The principle and the characteristics of wind power will be introduced in this paper at first, and then the process of generator design will be illustrated in detail. A commercial finite element package 2D Transient is then used to analyze the electromagnetic field inside the coil, the magnetic flux density, and the induced voltage. Measurement conducted in motor dynamometer showed that the actual output voltage at no load condition was very close to the theoretical value, with only 4% error.
The three-phase full-wave rectifier charging system is composed of 3 silicon-controlled rectifiers and 3 diodes, and a variable resistor is used to adjust the trigger level such that the power factor of generator can be raised, the current harmonic content can be reduced, and the operational efficiency of generator can be improved.
A commercial blade and gear box system is attached to the generator to constitute a complete wind power system. The number of blade is three, and the radius of blade is 0.6 meter. This system can be activated at the wind speed of 2.5 m/sec, and begins to charge to a 12V battery at the wind speed of 4~5 m/sec. The performance of this system is also compared to a commercial system Air 403. Results of test showed that the efficiency of this system is 10% higher than the Air 403 system up to the wind speed of 13 m/sec.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2382
其他識別: U0005-2808200922002300
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.