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標題: 以特徵為基礎之斷裂物件輪廓連結器
Feature-Based Disconnected Object Contour Linker
作者: 席正平
Hsi, Cheng-Ping
關鍵字: false edge segment;錯誤邊緣切割;canny edge detector;gradient;gradient direction;Canny 邊緣偵測;梯度;梯度方向
出版社: 資訊管理學系所
引用: [1]F. Benmansour, L. D. Cohen, “Fast Object Segmentation by Growing Minimal Paths from a Single Point on 2D or 3D Images,” Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision, pp. 209-221, 2009. [2]J. Canny, “A Computational Approach to Edge Detection,”. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, PAMI-8, No. 6, pp. 679-698, November 1986. [3]R. C. Gonzalez, R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2002. [4]M. Kass, A. Witkin, and D. Terzopoulos, “Snakes - Active Contour Models,” International Journal of Computer Vision, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 321-331, 1987. [5] C. L. Phillips, “The Level-Set Method,” MIT Undergraduate Journal of Mathematics, No. 1, pp. 155-164, June 1999. [6]S. Ravishankar, A. Jain, and A. Mittal, “Multi-Stage Contour Based Detection of Deformable Objects,” ECCV 2008, Part I, LNCS 5302, pp. 483-496, 2008. [7]C. Xu, J. L. Prince “Gradident Vector Flow: A New External Force for Snakes,” IEEE Computer Society Conference on Pattern Recognition, pp. 66-71, 1997. [8]J.A. Sethian, “Level Set Methods and Fast Marching Methods”, Cambridge: Cambridge, University Press, New York, 1999. [9]S. Osher, R. Fedkiw, “Level Set Methods and Dynamic Implicit Surfaces”, Springer-Verlag, New York, 2003.
物件輪廓偵測在影像處理領域上扮演一個重要的角色。有許多著名的邊緣偵測及物件輪廓偵測例如Canny 邊緣偵測、ACM、 Level Set等。但是這些方法經常不能得到完全的物件邊界。在ACM Level Set 方法中需要使用者給予初始輪廓,並且初始輪廓會大大影響到最後偵測的結果。另外ACM與Level Set 方法會特別受到雜訊的影響。而Canny邊緣偵測不需要使用者設定一個初始輪廓,但是它會產生斷線問題的現象。為了解決斷線問題,因此本篇論文提出一個feature-based disconnected object contour segments (FBDOC) linker方法,本論文先用Canny邊緣偵測方法得到物件初始輪廓,然後我們方法會根據影像邊界特徵將斷線的地方連接,這些影像特徵包括影像灰階值差異量、連線兩點之間距離、梯度及梯度方向。實驗結果顯示我們的方法跟Level Set及ACM的方法比較可以得到更好的物件邊界結果。

Object contour detection plays an important role in image processing. Many edge and object contour detectors have been proposed, such as, Canny edge detector, ACM, and level set methods. However, those detection methods cannot always obtain the edge and object contour completely. In the ACM and level set methods, the initial contour of object has to be specified by a user in advance, and the segmentation results highly depend on the given initial contour. In addition, the ACM and level set methods are significantly sensitive to noise. Although it does not need to give any initial contour of object for Canny edge detector, it may bring about “broken edge problem.” To solve the broken edge problem, a feature-based disconnected object contour segments (FBDOC) linker is provided in this thesis. For extracting objects from an image, in this thesis Canny edge detector is first used to detect the object contour, and then the FBDOC linker is employed to link the disconnected edge segments based on the features of the gray-level difference at vicinity of, the gradient and gradient direction on, and the length of the line segment connecting two disconnected edge segments. The experimental results show that the FBDOC linker can give more impressive object segmentation results than the level set method and ACM method do.
其他識別: U0005-1707201118462200
Appears in Collections:資訊管理學系

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