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標題: 以腦組織影像為基礎之星狀細胞瘤惡性期數辨識系統
Brain Tissue Image Based Malignant Astrocytoma Grading System
作者: 魏立旻
Wei, Li-Min
關鍵字: Image segmentation;影像切割;tissue images;astrocytoma;image grading system;影像組織圖;星狀細胞瘤;影像分期辨識系統
出版社: 資訊管理學系所
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本篇論文主要探討醫學影像之切割及分期辨識,而研究之內容乃來自惡性腦腫瘤之星狀細胞瘤的醫學組織影像圖做影像分期辨識。本研究透過切割方法取出腦組織圖內的細胞特徵之後,應用病理細胞在影像中之特徵來對影像做分期。切割部分細分為三部分,分別切出癌細胞核(nuclear atypia),壞死細胞(necrosis), 以及正在進行減數分裂之細胞(mitoses)。影像切割完畢之後,擷取出各類細胞之細胞個數、平均面積大小、標準差等特徵。接著應用基因演算法(Genetic Algorithm)對每個特徵產生出不一樣的權重值,再去判斷影像的分期期數。
在切割過程中,針對每一種不一樣細胞的特性去做切割,像是癌細胞核屬於顏色比較黑,壞死細胞則屬顏色比較白,而減數分裂之細胞則屬於比較平滑的區域。本研究應用基因演算法(Genetic Algorithm)來找出實驗中的最佳參數。

This paper proposed an image segmentation and grading system for medical tissue images, which are related to the brain tumor, called astrocytoma. In this study, the features of brain tissue image are retrieved by using the segmentation methods to future recognizing which grade of brain tumor is. The segmentation methods are broken to three sub-methods including nuclear atypia, necrosis, and mitoses cells. After segmentation, the features, such as cell number, average area, and standard deviation will be obtained. There are different weights generated by Genetic Algorithm for each feature help in judging which grade of the processing image is.
During the segmentation process, each kind of cells is segmented according to their properties in an image; for example, nuclear atypia is with lower intensities, necrosis is with higher intensities as well as mitoses is with smoother area. Using the Genetic Algorithm, the optimal parameters will be used in the experiments.
It is the first idea to recognize the tumor grade in medical tissue image. Due to dealing with the huge amount of digital images is a time consuming task, we propose an automatic image segmentation and grading method to save time and reduce the human judgment errors. The experiments mainly focus on the accuracy of both results of segmentation and image grading. On average, the accuracy of image grading is higher than 85%.
其他識別: U0005-1807201101171500
Appears in Collections:資訊管理學系

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