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A Study of Adaptive Prediction-Based Reversible Information Hiding Using Adjacent Pixel and Difference Expansion
|關鍵字:||資訊隱藏;Information hiding;可逆式資訊隱藏;可適性資訊隱藏;影像偽裝術;差值擴張;預測差值;Reversible information hiding;Adaptive information hiding;Image steganography;Difference expansion (DE);Prediction error (PE)||出版社:||資訊管理學系所||引用:|| A. Cheddad, J. Condell, K. Curran and P. M. Kevitt, “Digital image steganography: Survey and analysis of current methods Review Article,” Signal Processing, Vol. 90, No. 3, Mar. 2010, pp. 727-752.  A. M. Alattar, “Reversible watermark using the difference expansion of a generalized integer transform image processing,” IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Vol. 13, No. 8, Aug. 2004, pp. 1147–1156.  B. Yang, Z. M. Lu and S. H. Sun, “Reversible watermarking in the VQ-compressed domain,” In: Proceedings of the Fifth IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging, and Image Processing, Benidorm, Spain, Sep. 2005, pp. 298–303.  C. C. Chang and C. Y. 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Ansari and W. Su, “Reversible data hiding,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol. 16, No. 3, Mar. 2006, pp. 354–361.  Z. Zhao, H. Luo, Z. M. Lu and J. S. Pan, “Reversible data hiding based on multilevel histogram modification and sequential recovery,” International Journal of Electronics and Communications, Vol. 65, No. 10, Jan. 2011, pp. 814-826.||摘要:||
Because of the information communication technique and the Internet grow quickly, people communicate with each other by Internet nowadays. However convenient communication is not safe enough for us. There are many hackers want to steal information from our communications so information security is much more important than before. How to ensure the safety of our communications becomes a very important issue. That’s why we study about information security technique.
In this thesis, a study of prediction-based adaptive information hiding techniques is proposed. The proposed scheme utilizes adjacent pixels to predict spatial correlations, The classified pixels and modified prediction error (PE) can handle that diversity of digital images, such as smooth image, complex image, brighter image and darker image, and then achieves the purpose of confidential communication and information security.
This thesis presents a prediction-based adaptive reversible information hiding scheme using adjacent pixels and difference expansion. The proposed scheme identifies the types of the cover pixels by adjacent pixels and depends on the types to embed different bits of secret information by prediction error expansion. Due to the prediction errors are modified before the secret information embedded, the doubled prediction errors can be reduced than previous methods. Because the smooth pixels embed fewer bits of the secret information and the complex pixels embed more bits, the proposed scheme not only overcomes the non-applicability to complex images in previous methods, but also has higher hiding capacity and image quality than previous methods .
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