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標題: 釔鋁石榴石晶體在布利基曼爐之長晶過程研究
Research on the Crystallization Growth Process of Yttrium Aluminum Garnet in Bridgman Furnace
作者: 呂明芳
Lu, Ming-Fang
關鍵字: Bridgman;布利基曼爐;YAG;Gravity effect;Undercooling;Submerged heater;Numerical simulation;釔鋁石榴石;重力效應;過冷;內部加熱器;數值模擬
出版社: 機械工程學系所
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High quality oxide single crystals are needed for use as solid-state laser hosts, electronic substrates, and in other optical devices. Yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) single crystals is the most widely used oxide laser host. Understanding the coupling of heat, mass and momentum transport in these systems is a prerequisite for improving existing crystal growth processes and formulating new ones. However, most analyses have dealt with semiconductor growth systems, which are very different from oxide growth systems. This study includes two parts: one is gravity effects on crystal growth and undercooling, and the other is effects of submerged heater in vertical Bridgman crystal growth.
The effects of gravity and kinetic undercooling upon the melt/crystal interface in a vertical Bridgman-Stockbarger crystal growth system is studied by numerical simulation. Thermal transport, melt convection and kinetic undercooling are simulated by two-dimensional transient calculations. Time evolution of the centerline interface location difference is tracked. We also compare and discuss the results among the different gravitational acceleration, and investigate the effects of the undercooling on the interface.
The numerical simulation is examine the growth conditions of YAG single crystals by the vertical Bridgman method, and illustrate the process performed with or without the installation of a submerged heater (SH). The maximum flow velocity of the melted material surrounding the melt/crystal interface can be decreased, and the deflection of the melt/crystal interface can be changed under various furnace temperature gradients and distances. The minimum of the maximized flow velocity indicates the natural convection can be decreased and controlled. In this manner, the growth rate of crystals increases in an identical environment.
其他識別: U0005-1401201102332500
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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