Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2454
標題: 真圓檢測誤差分離技術
Roundness measurement and error separation technique
作者: 劉沛縈
Liu, Pei-Ying
關鍵字: roundness measurement;真圓度量測;error separation technique;multi-step method;mixed multi-step method;誤差分離技術;多步法;混合多步法
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: [1] Cao Linxiang "The measuring accuracy of the multistep method in the error separation technique," J. Phys. E:Sci. Instrum. 1989;22;903-906. [2] Eric Marsh,Jeremiah Couey,Ryan Vallance, "Nanometer– Level Comparison of Three Spindle Error Motion Separation Techniques," Manufacturing Science and Engineering,2005;128:180-187. [3] Eric R. Marsha, David A. Arnesonb,Donald L. Martinc," A comparison of reversal and multiprobe error separation", Precision Engineering2010;34:85-91. [4] Kanazawu-ku,Matsuura-cho"Estimation of sphericity by means of statistical processing for roundness of spherical parts"Precision Engineering 1997;20:117-122. [5] Linxiang Cao, Hong Wang, Xiongua Li and Qinghong Shen," Full-harmonic error separation technique, "Measurement Science and Technology, 1992;3:1129-1132. [6] N. Cho, J. Tu "Roundness modeling of machined parts for tolerance analysis" Precision Engineering.2001;25:35–47. [7] Ruedi Thalmann, Jürg Spiller "A primary roundness measuring machine"Proceedings of SPIE, 2005;5879:140- 149. [8] Tau Jiubiu,Qiaug Xiru,Diug Xueaisi, "A Super precision Measuring Method and the Corresponding Measuring System for Error Movement of Instrument Spindles," Industrial Electronics, Control and Instrumentation 1991;3:2449-2454. [9] Wei Gao, Satoshi Kiyono,Takamitu Sugawara"High- accuracy roundness measurement by a new error separation method," Precision Engineering 1997;21:123- 133. [10] Weiqian Zhao, Jiubin Tan, Zi Xue and Shaoliang Fu,"SEST: A new error separation technique for ultra- high precision roundness" Measurement Science and Technology,2005;16:833–841. [11] W.Q. Zhao, Z. Xue, J.B. Tan, Z.B. Wang"SSEST: A new approach to higher accuracy cylindricity measuring instrument" International Journal of Machine Tools & Manufacture 2006;46 :1869–1878 [12] Xiuming Li, Zhaoyao Shi "The relationship between the minimum zone circle and the maximum inscribed circle and the minimum circumscribed circle"Precision Engineering 2009;33:284-290. [13]范光照、張郭益, 精密量測. 高立圖書有限公司,2005 [14]黃梓輔,三探針真圓度量測軸誤差分離技術之研究,國立中興大 學機械工程學系碩士論文,2007
摘要: 
傳統多步法廣泛使用在真圓度量測儀,其主軸旋轉重覆性必須很高,才能確保量測精確度,而且量測在轉位的整數倍會有諧波抑制的情形。
本論文中量測待測物和參考圓的半徑差,此時量測數據就與主軸旋轉重覆性無關,為了改善量測精確度,並提出誤差分離法-混合多步法,以擺脫諧波抑制所造成量測之影響。
本文使用的混合多步法與一般傳統多步法比較,用在真圓度量測裝置,混合多步法能消除在1-180upr的範圍諧波抑制而且誤差分離系統也較簡單。
實驗架設部份,真圓量測設備與旋轉軸承,包括主軸上的增量編碼器,直流馬達和接觸探針與雷射干涉儀,以及軟體將得到數據進行估算。最後實際量測一個鋼珠來分離參考圓誤差得到輪廓數據,待濾波後利用最小平方圓求真圓度,並重覆量測數次,驗證真圓度量測儀的重覆性。

The multistep method is one of the error separation techniques. It is widely used to roundness measuring instruments, the repeatability of the spindle turntable must be required very precision, verification of the measuring accuracy of the multistep method. and multistep method can of harmonic restraint.
In this paper, we measurement precision article and the reference circle at same time, therefore the measurement data has no relation with the repeatability of the spindle turntable, to improve accuracy ,presented a error separating method-the combined multi-step method can get rid of harmonic restraint.
In this paper, in comparison with the multi-step separation technique commonly used in roundness measuring instruments, mixed multi-step can be used to totally eliminate any harmonics restraint in the range of 1-180 upr and to make the error separation system very simple.
The experimental instruments, the roundness measurement instrument is equipped with a rotating spindle. Include an incremental encoder on the spindle, a DC motor, the contact probe and laser interferometers, software for data acquisition and evaluation. Finally we compute the least squares roundness of a spherical article We measure the roundness of this spherical article four times to verify the repeatability of our system.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2454
其他識別: U0005-1508201016335600
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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