Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24756
標題: 乳牛TMR飼料配方線上計算系統
Feed formulation calculator of total mixed ration online for dairy cattle
作者: 朱美鳳
Chiew, Mei-Foong
關鍵字: Dairy cattle;乳牛;Formulation calculation;Online;Total mixed ration;配方計算;線上;完全混合日糧
出版社: 動物科學系所
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N. 2007. Principles of ration formulation for ruminants. Online Available: http://www-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/aph/public/review-1.pdf. Accessed May 20, 2007. Macleod, G. K., D. G. Grieve and I. McMillan. 1983. Performance of first lactation dairy cows fed complete rations of several ratios of forage to concentrate. J. Dairy Sci. 66: 1668-1674. Mertens, D. 1996. Formulating dairy rations: Using fiber and carbohydrate analyses to formulate dairy rations. In: Informational conference with dairy and forage industries. US Dairy Forage Research Center. p.81-92. Munford, A. G. 1996. The use of iterative linear programming in practical applications of animal diet formulation. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation. 42: 255-261. National Research Council. 1989. Nutrient Requirement of Dairy Cattle. 6th revised edition. National Academy Press, Washington, D. C., USA. National Research Council. 2001. Nutrient Requirement of Dairy Cattle. 7th revised edition. National Academy Press, Washington, D. 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摘要: 
本研究之目的在建立一套可於線上計算乳牛完全混合日糧(TMR)配方之系統,以提供產、官、學界於網際網路上使用。本系統之數學運算模式為線性規劃法(LP;Linear Programming),採用Windows 2000 Server作業系統,以動態網頁程式ASP.NET連結伺服器之Microsoft Access 2003資料庫撰寫而成,並將程式架設於中興大學動物科學系之伺服器中。主要架構分為基本資料建立(使用者基本資料、原料名稱、營養分名稱、原料組成分、原料價格)、配方試算、最小成本飼料配方、列印報表(原料名稱、營養分名稱、原料組成分、原料價格、配方試算結果及最小成本飼料配方結果)、使用說明、輔助手冊及連絡程式設計者等七項。使用者必須註冊後才能登入本系統,可直接經由網頁之表單將資料轉入伺服器,選擇或修改飼料原料用量,即可進行TMR飼料之配方試算;另選擇原料種類與用量設限、營養分需求量、粗精料比例以及配合飼料總量,即可計算最小成本飼料配方。本程式進一步提供影子價格、機會成本等敏感性分析供使用者作為決策參考;並提供酪農快速計算TMR與瞭解所用配方之成分、粗精料比及單價。

The purpose of this study was made to establish a system which could calculate total mixed ration online and is available on the Internet to animal producer, feed manufacturer and education. The revised simplex method of linear programming model was used in this system. Feed formulation calculator online was designed by adopting Microsoft Windows 2000 Server as operation system and was written with ASP.NET coordinated with Microsoft Access database. This system includes seven segments in terms of setting up basic data (personal information about user, ingredients, nutrient items, feed composition and feed price), formulation calculation, least cost feed formulation, reports (ingredients, nutrient items, feed composition, feed price, conclusion of formulation calculation and least cost feed formulation), user's manual, supplementary booklet and contact programmer. Users must go through registration before login this system and could input data on the forms of active pages directly. By choosing or editing usage of feed ingredients, TMR formulation calculation was then processed. By choosing category of feed and its limited usage, nutrient requirement, ratio of forage to concentrate, and total amount of feed, the least cost feed formulation was therefore derived. Shadow price and opportunity cost are provided in this system for sensitivity analysis to help users to make decision as a reference source. Dairy farmers could calculate TMR formulation quickly to understand formulation nutrition, ratio of forage to concentrate, and unit price what they used.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24756
其他識別: U0005-0808200713315800
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

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