Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24919
標題: 以模擬方法進行專業邏輯IC測試廠生產排程之設計與分析
Simulation-Based Scheduling Design and Analysis for IC Testing Factory
作者: 江宏正
Chiang, Hung-Cheng
關鍵字: IC測試廠;Professional IC testing service plant;模擬;排程績效;群組化生產;派工;simulation;scheduling performance;grouping production;dispatching
出版社: 高階經理人碩士在職專班
引用: 一、中文部分 陳長榮,電子產業分析,台灣工銀證券,民國一百0一年一月。 陳玲君、彭茂榮、彭國柱、楊瑞臨、蔡金坤、練惠玉等著,2011半導體年鑑,工業技術研究院產業經濟與趨勢研究中心,民國一百年五月。 林孟則,系統模擬理論與應用,滄海書局,民國九十年七月。 陳建良,項衛中及孫正儒,半導體成品測試廠產能規劃研究,中原學報第三十三卷第一期,民國九十四年三月,第57-70 頁。 陳建良,排程概述,機械工業雜誌第12 月號,民國八十四年十二月,第122-137 頁。 台灣半導體產業結構,資策會網站http://www.iii.org.tw/,2012。 二、 英文部分 Ali, L., Sidek, R., Aris, I., Sunaryo, B.S.M., Ali, M.A.M, 2004. “Challenges and directions for testing IC.” INTEGRATION, the VLSI Journal 37, 17-28. Blackstone, J.H., Philips, D.T. and Hogg, G.L., 1982. “A state of the art survey of dispatching rules for manufacturing job shop operations. ”, International Journal of Production Research, 20 (1), 27-45. Fernandes, N.O and Silvab, C.S , 2011,“ Order release in a workload controlled flow-shop with sequence-dependent set-up times.”, International Journal of Production Research 49 (8), 2443-2454. Hsu, S.Y., Sha, D.Y., 2007, “The integration of shop floor control in wafer fabrication.”, Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management 18 (5), 598 - 619. Huang, S.H., Dismukes, J.P., Shi, J., Su, Q., Razzak, M.A., Bodhale, R., and Robinson, D.E., 2003, “Manufacturing productivity improvement using effectiveness metrics and simulation analysis.”, International Journal of Production Research, 41(3), 513 - 527. Hunsucker, J.L., Shah, J.R., 1994,“Comparative performance analysis of priority rules in a constrained flow shop with multiple processors environment.”, European Journal of Operational Research 72, 102-114. Kaplan, R.S. and Norton, D.P. (1996), “Using the Balanced Scorecard as a Strategic Management System”, Harvard Business Review, Jan-Feb. Kenyon, G , 2005, “The impact of lot-sizing on net profits and cycle times in the n-job, m-machine job shop with both discrete and batch.”, International journal of production economics 97, 263-278. Kelton, W.D., Sadowski,R.P. and Sturrock, D.T., 2009. Simulation with arena New York,NY:McGraw Hill Higher Education. Law, A.M., 2007, Simulation Modeling and Analysis, fourth edition,McGraw-Hill. Lee, Y.F., Jiang, Z.B., Liu, H.R., 2009, “Multiple-objective scheduling and real-time dispatching for the semiconductor manufacturing system.”, Computers & Operations Research 36 (3), 866-884. Mathirajan, M. and Sivakumar, A.I., 2006, “A literature review, classification and simple meta-analysis on scheduling of batch processors in semiconductor. ” Int J Adv Manuf Technol 29, 990-1001. Oechsner, R., Pfeffer, M., Pfitzner, L., Binder, H., Muller, E., Vonderstrass, T., 2003, “From overall equipment efficiency (OEE) to overall Fab effectiveness (OFE).”, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing 5, 333-339. Ng, T.S., Sun, Y., and Fowler, J., 2010, “Semiconductor lot allocation using robust optimization.” European Journal of Operational Research 205, 557-570 Rajendran, C. and Holthaus, O., 1999, “A comparative study of dispatching rules in dynamic flow shops and job shops.” European Journal of Operational Research 116, 156-170. Stevenson, W.J., 2002, Production/Operations Management, Seventh edition.
摘要: 
伴隨技術科技不斷進步,電子產品發展以輕薄短小為主要訴求的現今科技產業中,品質、成本、交期已成基本產業要求,競爭門檻提升到速度、服務與技術能力層面。由於專業IC測試廠的服務能力與其所擁有的測試機台作業能力及數量有正相關,因此專業IC測試廠為維持正常運作及巿場佔有率皆會投資於購買高階製程能力測試機台,以持續服務客戶新製程、新世代的產品測試檢驗需求。除機台製程能力外,測試機台數目多寡及機台利用率高低為專業IC測試廠是否獲利的二大指標。

分析測試廠的訂單投入狀況,有越來越趨向於少量、多型號、重覆投單的特性,生產單位如何有效運作調度機台,將可減少因機台改機造成的損失及提升自我生產競爭力。由此問題突顯出排程與派工的重要性,好的安排可以符合客戶交期需求進而提升客戶滿意度;產出量的增加相對地等於機台投資的減少對於公司投資成本競爭力也有所助益。本研究利用模擬軟體做排程績效比較,以排程派工手法調整所有待測品順序,集中同一型號產品優先測試邏輯法則,減少不同型號因模具切換造成的效率損失,以達到增加產能或減少機台投資成本的目的。

以群組化(Grouping) 及先進先出(FIFO)排程派工法則模擬6週運作重覆10次實驗,結果顯示群組化生產排程派工法則在外部績效指標的訂單交期達交率及內部績效指標的改機換模頻度、機台稼動率、系統總時間、等待時間及等待作業量等五項表現上皆優於先進先出法則,在製程總時間上則無明顯差異。此群組化生產的績效表現可供業界參考應用。

According to technical advances in technology, the electronic products main appeal of today is toward slim and light, and product quality, cost and deadline are becoming the basic requirement of an industry. The competition standard is raised to speed, service and technical capacity level. Professional IC testing service plant has positive correlation with its own testing platform operating capacity and the number of testers. So Professional IC testing service plant has to purchase high-level tester to meet the expectation of the customers and the next generation product. In addition to the process capability of the tester platform, the number of testers and machine utilization level are two major profit indicators of the professional IC testing plant.
Analyzing the orders the testing plant receives found that the characteristics of the orders tend to be small size, multi-model and repeated. An effective production will reduce the loss from machine change setup, and enhance competitiveness of self-production. This problem highlights the importance of scheduling and dispatching. Therefore, a better arrangement in product line can meet the customer delivery requirements, and improve customer satisfaction. Increasing output equals to the reduction in equipment investment cost and higher competitiveness. In this study, we use simulation software to do scheduling performance comparison. The simulation seeks to reduce efficiency loss from tools switching, increase output and reduce investment cost of test platform by using schedule dispatching techniques to adjust the order priority of all untested products, where it follows the logic of testing the same model device first.
We use Grouping and First-In-First-Out (FIFO) rule of scheduling dispatching to run simulations. A simulation includes 6 weeks of operation time and repeats 10 times. The results showed that the Grouping has a better delivery rate than FIFO in the external performance index; also in the setup change frequency, machine utilization, the in house cycle time in system, waiting time and work-in-process queue quantity of the internal performance index. No significant difference was found in total process cycle time. The performance of this grouping scheduling dispatching is available as a reference for industry applications.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/24919
其他識別: U0005-2206201301285000
Appears in Collections:高階經理人碩士在職專班

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