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Effects of antibiotic, probiotics and plant extracts supplement in diet on the growth and intestinal characteristics in the broilers
|關鍵字:||Probiotics;益生菌;Plant extracts;broilers;植物萃取物;白肉雞||出版社:||動物科學系所||引用:||REFERENCES Akester, A. R., R. S. Anderson, K. J. Hill, and G.W. Osbaldistong. 1967. A radiographic study of urine flow in the domestic fowl. Br. Poult. Sci. 8: 209-212. Alfaro, D. M., A. V. F. Silva, S. A. Borges, F. A. Maiorka, S. Vargas, and E. Santin. 2007. Use of Yucca schidigera extract in broiler diets and its effects on performance results obtained with different coccidiosis control methods. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 16:248-254. Amon, M. M., R. W. Dobeic, V. R. Sneath, T. H. Phillips, and B. F. Pain. 1997. A farm-scale study on the use of clinoptilolite zeolite and De-odorase for reducing odour and ammonia emissions from broiler hauses. Biores. Technol. 61: 229-237. Ankri, S., and D. Mirelman. 1999. Antimicrobial properties of allicin from garlic. Microbes and Infection; a review, 2: 125−129 Annison, E. F., K. J. Hill, and R. Kenworthy. 1968. Volatile fatty acids in the digestive tract of the fowl. Br. J. 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J. Poult. Sci. 76:381-385.||摘要:||
本研究旨在探討飼糧中添加抗生素、益生菌及植物萃取物對白肉雞生長與腸道性狀之影響。試驗設計分成五個飼糧處理組，依序為對照組(基礎飼糧組)、8 ppm恩黴素組、0.3 kg植物萃取物組-I、0.5 kg植物萃取物組-II (後期飼糧添加量增為1 kg)及0.5 kg益生菌組，進行白肉雞飼養試驗；分別於21和35日齡，記錄體增重與採食量，並計算飼料轉換率。試驗結果顯示，植物萃取物組和益生菌組雞隻之體增重、採食量與飼料轉換率與對照組無顯著差異。於21日齡，除了植物萃取物-I組之外,其餘添加物處理組之嗉囊與空迴腸內容物中乳酸菌數皆顯著高於對照組(P<0.05)。腸道菌相方面，植物萃取物-II和益生菌組在21日齡之空迴腸乳酸菌與大腸菌群比例和乳酸菌與腸內菌群比例皆顯著高於對照組(P<0.05)；益生菌組在35日齡之空迴腸乳酸菌與腸內菌群比例顯著較其他處理組高(P<0.05)。試驗前期(0-21日齡)，植物萃取物-II與益生菌組之嗉囊和空迴腸內容物pH值顯著低於對照組(P<0.05)。此外，試驗後期(22-35日齡)，益生菌組之嗉囊和盲腸內容物pH值顯著低於其他四個處理組(P<0.05)；而空迴腸與盲腸之VFA濃度，各處理組間並無顯著差異。試驗期21日齡，餵飼益生菌雞隻之空迴腸乳酸濃度最高，並達到顯著(P<0.05)；而所有添加物處理組之空迴腸與盲腸中NH3濃度皆顯著低於對照組(P<0.05)。腸道組織學性狀方面，十二指腸和空腸之絨毛高度、腺窩深度及絨毛高度與腺窩深度比於各組間並無顯著差異。綜上所述，雞隻飼糧中添加益生菌可顯著提升空迴腸中乳酸菌與腸內菌群比例。而飼糧中添加植物萃取物-I、植物萃取物-II或益生菌相較於對照組，則可顯著增加雞隻消化道之乳酸菌數、降低pH值及NH3濃度。此外，飼糧中添加益生菌，亦可顯著增加雞隻空迴腸中乳酸含量。
A study was conducted to determine the effects of antibiotic, probiotics and plant extracts supplement in diet on the growth and intestinal characteristics in the broilers. Five dietary treatments, consisting of the control (CON), enramycin 8 ppm (ANTI), plant extract-I 0.3 kg (PE I), plant extract-II 0.5 or 1 kg in starter and finisher diet ( PE II), respectively and probiotics 0.5 kg (PRO). Body weights, feed intake and feed to gain ratio were measured at 21 and 35 days of age. The results of the present study shown that there were no significant difference on the body weight, body weight gain and feed to gain ratio of broilers fed with both plant extracts and probiotics when compared with the control group. All of supplement treatments were significantly increased (P<0.05) the Lactobacillus population in the crop and jejunum-ileum of broilers at 21 days of age when compared with the control group, except in the jejunum-ileum of broilers fed with plant extract-I. At 21 days of age, the Lactobacillus : Coliform and Lactobacillus : Enterobacteria ratio of jejunum-ileum were significantly higher (P<0.05) than the control group when the broilers fed with plant extracts-II and probiotics. At 35 days of age, supplementing the diets with probiotics was significantly highest (P<0.05) on the Lactobacillus : Enterobacteria ratio of jejunum-ileum than the other group. From 0-21 days period, it was observed that supplementation of probiotics and plant extract-II were significantly decreased (P<0.05) on pH value in the crop and jejunum-ileum when compared with the control group. In addition, from 22-35 days period, the pH values in the crop and cecum of broilers supplemented with probiotics were significantly lower (P<0.05) than those in the control or the other supplement groups. There were no significant differences of VFA concentration in the jejunum-ileum and cecum in all of supplementation groups. At 21 day of age, the concentration of lactic acid in the jejunum-ileum was highest (P<0.05) in the broilers fed with probiotics, furthermore, all of supplementation groups were significantly lower (P<0.05) in the NH3 concentrations of jejunum-ileum and cecum than the control group. And there were no significant difference on the villus height, crypt depth and villus height/crypt depth ratio of the duodenum and jejunum among all of the supplemented groups. In conclusion, supplementation of the diets with probiotics was significantly highest on the Lactobacillus : Enterobacteria ratio of jejunum-ileum than the other groups. Therefore, supplementation of plant extract-I, plant extract-II and probiotics were significantly increased the populations of Lactobacillus as well as significant reduction in the pH values and concentrations of NH3 in the GI segments when compared with the control group. Moreover, the concentration of lactic acid in the jejunum-ileum of the broilers fed with probiotics was significantly highest than the other groups.
Key Words: Probiotics, Plant extracts, broilers
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