Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/25572
標題: 不同地方雞種於成長期與產蛋期之日間作息行為與夜間棲息位置
Daytime behaviors and night-time resting locations in different breeds of local chicken during growing and laying stages
作者: 蕭薈
Hsiao, Huei
關鍵字: 不同地方雞種;different breeds of local chicken;日間作息行為;夜間棲息位置;daytime behaviors;night-time resting locations
出版社: 動物科學系所
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摘要: 
為了解地方雞種日夜間行為習性的差異性,觀察信義、竹崎、花東、金門、石岐與名古屋母雞從成長期(13-20週齡)至產蛋期(21-32週齡)的日間作息行為與夜間棲息位置之變化。每一品種使用20隻母雞,飼養於設有雙層巢箱與棲木之平飼環境,檢定品種、週齡階段(13-20週齡成長期vs. 21-32週齡產蛋期)與日間時段對於日間作息行為、活動位置與夜間棲息位置之影響。
結果顯示,石岐體重最重但飲食行為最少,且表現最多舒適與休息行為,已偏向肉用雞種;金門體重最輕,但較愛於飼桶挑弄飼料,站立走動行為較多,也較愛於地面活動,顯示此品種屬於活潑的雞種;竹崎因表現採食活動與飲水行為的比例不低,因此飲食行為最多,且最會使用巢箱;信義則較愛於高處棲息。母雞於成長期間,主要在上午採食,中午與下午時段有較多舒適與蹲伏行為表現,而因產蛋前會尋找適合產蛋的位置,因此站立與走動行為與於棲架上活動比例較多;進入產蛋期後,因母雞會在天亮後6小時內產蛋,所以上午於巢箱活動的比例上升,下午也會表現較多的飲食行為。雖然在產蛋以後,母雞在夜間方面比較會跳上棲架和巢箱棲息,但是多數母雞仍在地面休息,尤其是金門母雞。
綜上所述,週齡階段與日間時段對母雞作息行為有很大的影響,而不同的地方品種也有明顯的差異。

In order to understand ethograms of local chickens, daytime behaviors and night-time resting locations of different breeds of local chicken were observed from growing (13-20 weeks of age) to laying stage (21-32 weeks of age). Twenty pullets for each breed were housed in two floor pens which each had a set of nest with two tiers of nest boxes and perches, and effects of breed, age stage (13-20 weeks growing stage vs. 21-32 weeks laying stage) and daytime hour on their daytime behaviors, present locations and night-time resting locations were tested.
The results showed that Shek-Ki had the heaviest body weight, but displayed the least ingestive behavior, and the most comfort and rest behaviors, which is similar to commercial meat-type chicken. Quemoy had the lightest body weight, but spent more time at feeder and stand/walk, and was found on ground more often than other breeds. All these suggest that they are the most active breed. Ju-Chi displayed more ingestive behavior and visited the nest box more often. Hsin-Yi stayed on the perches more often than other breeds. During growing stage, pullets had more ingestive behavior in the morning, more comfort and crouch at noon and in the afternoon, and due to searching for appropriate egg laying locations before laying, they displayed more stand/walk and staying on perches. During laying stage, pullets not only used nest more often in the morning for laying, but also increased their ingestive behavior in the afternoon. After the onset of egg laying, although pullets would jump on the perch and nest to rest at night, but more pullets, especially Quemoy, would still stay on the ground.
In conclusion, both age-stage and daytime hour had important effects on pullet’s daytime activity, and large difference was also found between different breeds of local chicken.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/25572
其他識別: U0005-2007201212243900
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

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