Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 不同地方雞種於成長期與產蛋期之日間作息行為與夜間棲息位置
Daytime behaviors and night-time resting locations in different breeds of local chicken during growing and laying stages
作者: 蕭薈
Hsiao, Huei
關鍵字: 不同地方雞種;different breeds of local chicken;日間作息行為;夜間棲息位置;daytime behaviors;night-time resting locations
出版社: 動物科學系所
引用: 中國家禽品種誌。1984。中國農業科學畜牧研究所。79頁。 王效天。2001。手術去勢閹雞和雞胚時期注射雌二醇對臺灣土雞公雞生長後期之性成熟後日間作息、鬥爭行為、生長成績、屠體性狀及官能品評之影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 方建仁。2010。簡單籠飼豐富化對地方雞種日間作息行為之影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 甘明宗。1986。公母分飼、合飼及棲木對土雞日間作息行為、鬥爭行為、性行為及精液性狀之影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 李伯年。1952。臺灣之家禽。臺灣之畜產資源。臺灣銀行。17-49頁。 李淵百。1992。臺灣的土雞。國立中興大學。臺中。 李淵百。2001。個人溝通。國立中興大學。臺中。 李淵百、張凱鍠、黃智鈴、李雙林。2003。地方雞種之體重、產蛋、免疫與耐熱能力的調查研究。中畜會誌32:133-142。 李淵百。2004。動物行為學。國立中興大學教務處。臺中。 何泰全。2007。臺灣土雞的藾菢行為與產蛋性能。碩士論文。國立嘉義大學。嘉義。 李淵百。2012。個人溝通。國立中興大學。臺中。 林興誠。2002。臺灣黑羽土雞在水簾式棲架雞舍生長與行為觀察之研究。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 周易蕾。2006。棲架高度與棲木粗細對於臺灣土雞育成期行為及生長性狀之影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 周佩璇。2008。性聯遺傳矮小基因與限飼對於臺灣紅羽土雞生長性能與棲息行為之影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 周宜靜。2012。不同地方雞種就巢與產蛋位置之選擇。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 姜中鳳。1994。不同公母比例飼養法、棲架及飼桶添置與飼量添加色胺酸,對臺灣土雞日間作息、鬥爭及性行為與重要經濟性狀之影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 洪兮雯。2010。長期選拔生產性狀對雄性臺灣土雞性行為之影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 翁嘉駿。1997。遺傳對臺灣種母土雞採食量殘差的影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 陳志峰、李淵百、范揚廣、黃三元、黃暉煌。1994。臺灣土雞種原保存。中畜會誌23:339-346。 陳亭蓉。1998。北京油雞、絲羽烏骨雞、臺灣地區商用烏骨雞與土雞育成期生長與行為性狀之比較。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 陳筱琦。2002。水煮蛋物性之測量:以萬用試驗儀比較不同雞種雞蛋品質。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 陳韋如。2008。遺傳與社會環境對臺灣土雞棲息行為的影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 陳啟榮。2011。中國家鄉雞-中國嶺南雞種源研究及食肆的開發。廣東科技出版社。廣州。 黃智鈴。2002。籠飼公雞對精液採集的行為反應:遺傳率、品種差異性與育成期行為的影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 葉力子。1990。剪爪、棲架及公母分、合飼對土雞趨近性成熟階段之日間作息、鬥爭行為、性行為及經濟性狀之影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 張凱煌。2002。地方雞種之生長、免疫、繁殖性狀與耐熱能力之調查研究。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 賴麗如。1992。平飼與雞籠對土雞藾菢行為與產蛋性狀的影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 蘇嘉莉。2007。蛋殼顏色,遺傳背景和母雞年齡對雞蛋蛋殼品質性狀之影響。碩士論文。國立中興大學。臺中。 Anna, S. I. O., and L. J. Keeling. 2000. Night-time roosting in laying hens and the effect of thwarting access to perches. Appli. Anim. Behav. Sci. 68:243-256. Appleby, M. C., B. O. Hughes, and H. A. Elson. 1992. Poultry production systems behaviour, management and welfare. C. A. B. International. Appleby, M. C., A W. Walker, C. J. Nicol, A. C. Lindberg, R. Freire, B. O. Hughes, and H. A. Elson. 2002. Development of furnished cages for laying hens. Br. Poult. Sci. 43:489-500. Appleby, M. C., J. A. Mench, and B. O. Hughes. 2004. Poultry Behaviour and Welfare. CABI publishing. Oxford, UK. Berthouly, C., B. Bed''Hom, M. Tixier-Boichard, C. F. Chen, Y. P. Lee, D. Laloe, H. Legros, E. Verrier, and X. Rognon. 2008. Using molecular markers and multivariate methods to study the genetic diversity on local European and Asian chickens breeds. Animal Genetics 39:121-129. Blokhuis, H. J. 1984. Rest in poultry. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 12:289-303. Chang, C. S. 2011. A global approach of chicken genetic diversity in Taiwan combining phenotypes and molecular markers. PhD. thesis. National Chung-Hsing University. Taichung. Dawkins, M. S. 1989. Time budgets in Red Jungle Fowl as a basis for the assessment of welfare in domestic fowl. Appli. Anim. Behav. Sci. 15:351-364. Dawson, J. S., and P. B. Siegel. 1967. Behavior patterns of chickens to ten weeks of age. Poult. Sci. 63:1-10. Duncan, I. J. H., C. J. Savory, and D. G. M. Wood-Gush. 1978. Observations on the reproductive behaviour of domestic fowl in the wild. Appl. Anim. Ethol. 4:29-42. Duncan, I. J. H., T. M. Widowski, A. E. Malleau, A. C. Lindberg, and J. C. Petherick. 1998. External factors and causation of dustbathing in domestic hens. Behav. Processes 43:219-228. Eddie, A. M. B., and K. Paul. 2003. Behaviour of fast and slow growing broilers to 12 weeks of age and the physical consequences. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 81:59-72. Fraser, A. F., and D. M. Broom. 1990. Farm animal behaviour and welfare, 3rd ed. (London: Bailliere Tindall, 1990). p. 383. Hogan, J. A. 1973. Development of food recognition in young chicks: 1. Maturation and nutrition. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, Jun 1973. Vol. 83(3): 355-366. Hogan, J. A., and F. Boxel. 1993. Causal factors controlling dust-bathing in Burmese red jungle fowl: some results and a model. Anim. Behav. 46:627-635. Huang, Z. L., and Y. P. Lee. 2005. Aggressiveness influences behavioral patterns of local chickens. Japanese Poultry Sci. 42:30-38. Huber, H. U., and D. W. Folsch. 1985. Nesting material preference of domestic hens. Appl. Behav. Sci. 14:182 (abstract). Hughes, B. O. 1972. A circadian rhythm of calcium intake in the domestic fowl. Br. Poult. Sci. 13:485-493. Hughes, B. O., and A. J. Black. 1976. Battery cage shape: its effect on diurnal feeding pattern, egg shell cracking and feather pecking. Br. Poult. Sci. 17:327-336. Hughes, B. O., and A. J. Black. 1977. Diurnal patterns of feeding and activity in laying hens in relation to dietary restriction and cage shape. Br. Poult. Sci. 18:353-360. Hughes, B. O., and H. A. Elson. 1977. The use of perches by broilers in floor pens. Br. Poult. Sci. 18:715-722. Kruijt, J. P. 1964. Ontogeny of social behaviour in Burmese red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus spadieceus). Behav. Suppl. 12:1-201. Lee, Y. P., C. T. Chen, Y. K. Fan, and C. C. Hwang. 1985. Daily activities of the three varieties of meat-type chickens in Taiwan and their influence on carcass traits. Proc. 3rd AAAP Anim. Sci. Cong. Vol(1):257-259. Lee, Y. P. 2006. Taiwan country chicken: a slow growth breed for eating quality. Symposium COA/INRA Scientific Cooperation in Agriculture. Nov.7-10. Taiwan. Martin, P., and P. Bateson. 1993. Measuring Behaviour: an Introductory Guide, second ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Martrenchar, A., D. Huonnic, J. P. Cotte, E. Boilletot, and J. P. Morisse. 2000. Influence of stocking density, artificial dusk and group size on the perching behaviour of broilers. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:125-130. Masic, B., D. G. M. Wood-Gush, I. J. H. Duncan, C. McCorquodal, and C. J. Savory. 1974. A comparison of the feeding behaviour of young broiler and layer males. Br. Poult. Sci. 15:449-505. Mcbride, G., I. P. Parer, and F. Foenander. 1969. The social organization and behaviour of the feral domestic fowl. Animal Behaviour Monographs. 2:125-181. Meijsser, F. M., and B. O. Hughes. 1989. Comparative analysis of pre-laying behaviour in battery cages and in three alternative system. Br. Poult. Sci. 30:747-760. Newberry, R. C., I. Estevez, and L. J. Keeling. 2001. Group size and perching behaviour in young domestic fowl. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 68:243-256. North, M. O., and D. D. Bell. 1990. Commercial chicken production manual. An AVI published by Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, USA. 4th ed. p. 378-381. Ostfeld, R. S., and D. N. Lewis. 1999. Experimental studies of interactions between wild turkeys and black-legged ticks. J. of Vector Ecololgy. 24:182-186. Petherick, J. C., E. Seawright, D. Waddington, I. J. H. Duncan, and L. Murphy. 1995. The role of perception in the causation of dustbathing behaviour in domestic fowl. Anim. Behav. 49:1521–1530. Pham, M. H., W. H. Chang, C. Berthouly-Salazar, Y. P. Lee, D. Y. Lin, S. Yungrahang, M. Tixier-Boichard, and C. F. Chen. 2012. Genetic characterisation of Taiwan commercial native chickens ascertained by microsatellite markers. J. Poult. Sci. (Submitted on 2012/3/25, reviewing). Ramos, N. C., and J. V. Craig. 1988. Pre-laying behavior of hens kept in single or multiple-hen cages. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 19:305-313. Rietveld-Piepers, B., E. J. Blokhuis, and P. R. Wiepkema. 1985. Egg-laying behaviour and nest-site selection of domestic hens kept in small floor-pens. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 14:75-88. Rollin, B. E. 1995. Farm Animal Welfare: Social, Bioethical, and Research Issues. Iowa State University Press. Savory, L. J. 1980. Diurnal feeding patterns in domestic fowls: a review. App. Anim. Ethol. 6:71-82. Scott, J. P. 1972. Animal Behavior, Second Edition, Revised. The University of Chicago press. Chicago & London. 83:355-366. Siegel, P. B., W. L. Beane, and C. Y. Kramer. 1962. The measurement of feeding activity in chickens to 8 weeks of age. Poult. Sci. 41:1419-1422. Wilson, W. O., A. E. Woodward, and H. Abplanalp. 1964. Exogenous regulation of oviposition in chickens. Poult. Sci. 43:1187-1192. Wood-Gush, D. G. M., and I. J. H. Duncan. 1976. Some behavioural observations on domestic fowl in the wild. Appl. Anim. Ethol. 2:255-260.
為了解地方雞種日夜間行為習性的差異性,觀察信義、竹崎、花東、金門、石岐與名古屋母雞從成長期(13-20週齡)至產蛋期(21-32週齡)的日間作息行為與夜間棲息位置之變化。每一品種使用20隻母雞,飼養於設有雙層巢箱與棲木之平飼環境,檢定品種、週齡階段(13-20週齡成長期vs. 21-32週齡產蛋期)與日間時段對於日間作息行為、活動位置與夜間棲息位置之影響。

In order to understand ethograms of local chickens, daytime behaviors and night-time resting locations of different breeds of local chicken were observed from growing (13-20 weeks of age) to laying stage (21-32 weeks of age). Twenty pullets for each breed were housed in two floor pens which each had a set of nest with two tiers of nest boxes and perches, and effects of breed, age stage (13-20 weeks growing stage vs. 21-32 weeks laying stage) and daytime hour on their daytime behaviors, present locations and night-time resting locations were tested.
The results showed that Shek-Ki had the heaviest body weight, but displayed the least ingestive behavior, and the most comfort and rest behaviors, which is similar to commercial meat-type chicken. Quemoy had the lightest body weight, but spent more time at feeder and stand/walk, and was found on ground more often than other breeds. All these suggest that they are the most active breed. Ju-Chi displayed more ingestive behavior and visited the nest box more often. Hsin-Yi stayed on the perches more often than other breeds. During growing stage, pullets had more ingestive behavior in the morning, more comfort and crouch at noon and in the afternoon, and due to searching for appropriate egg laying locations before laying, they displayed more stand/walk and staying on perches. During laying stage, pullets not only used nest more often in the morning for laying, but also increased their ingestive behavior in the afternoon. After the onset of egg laying, although pullets would jump on the perch and nest to rest at night, but more pullets, especially Quemoy, would still stay on the ground.
In conclusion, both age-stage and daytime hour had important effects on pullet’s daytime activity, and large difference was also found between different breeds of local chicken.
其他識別: U0005-2007201212243900
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

Show full item record

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.