Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/25616
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor黃政恆zh_TW
dc.contributorJang-Hung Huangen_US
dc.contributor.author平峻嘉zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorPing, Jun-Jiaen_US
dc.contributor.other土壤環境科學系所zh_TW
dc.date2013en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T07:25:43Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T07:25:43Z-
dc.identifierU0005-1908201310445400en_US
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/25616-
dc.description.abstract台灣的焚化底渣產量與日俱增,底渣再利用已逐漸取代傳統的掩埋處理,成為政府追求的目標,其中底渣再利用途徑中,將底渣作為道路基材使用為世界各國廣泛運用方式之一。然而台灣底渣中常含有大量的重金屬銅,因此具有相當高的淋洗潛勢,若未經妥善處理,銅於再利用的過程中容易淋洗流出造成土壤和地下水汙染。本篇研究探討使用硫化鈉、磷酸三鈉、乙二胺四乙酸(Ethylene diamine tetraacetie acid)和吡咯烷二硫代氨基甲酸銨(Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate)對粒徑0.1~2mm之底渣進行不同的前處理,並利用管柱淋洗試驗探討不同前處理對於銅穩定化能力的比較,並以序列萃取實驗分析底渣銅型態的變化。 未經處理粒徑0.1~2mm底渣銅主要鍵結型態為殘留態約51.5 %、有機物/硫化物鍵結態約26.9 %、鐵錳氧化態約11.4 %、碳酸鹽結合態約9.49 %、離子交換態約0.70%。前處理實驗結果,硫化鈉、磷酸三鈉和PDTC處理後均能降低底渣銅淋洗溶出,硫化鈉降低底渣中碳酸鹽鍵結態和鐵錳氧化物鍵結態,而有機/硫化物鍵結態銅則有上升的趨勢;磷酸三鈉使容易淋洗的碳酸鹽鍵結態和有機鍵結態銅轉為較難溶的殘留態,可以降低銅的淋洗溶出;PDTC處理銅穩定化效率為三者最高,0.2%濃度浸泡一天處理穩定化效率達97%,PDTC處理後底渣殘留態比例有明顯上升;EDTA能萃取底渣中約20%的銅,降低底渣中銅含量,可藉此降低底渣再利用時銅的淋洗潛勢。硫化鈉、磷酸三鈉和PDTC浸泡一天間處理較短時間處理的穩定化效率高,為短時間處理底渣無法與藥劑進行全面反應而導致穩定化偏低。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractIn Taiwan, large quantities of municipal solid wastes incinerator (MSWI)bottom ash generated and subsequent disposal of bottom ash from the incineration of municipal solid wastes have presented a significant problem. Recycling of MSWI bottom ash is a topic of growing importance for field of waste management. The application of bottom ash as the road pavement is widely used around the world. However, the content of Cu is relatively high in MSWI bottom ash, and it has a high leaching potential. This study mainly examines the effects of four different agents (Na2S, Na3PO4, PDTC and EDTA) pretreatments on the leaching of Cu of MSWI bottom ashes( 0.1–2 mm) fraction by using sequential extraction procedures. Results of sequential extraction procedures of untreated bottom ash show that 0.70% Cu is exchangeable, fraction bounded to carbonate accounts for 9.49%, fraction bounded to Fe-Mn oxides accounts for 11.4%, fraction bounded to organic matters/sulfide accounts for 26.9%, and the remaining 51.5% is residual. Through the Na2S pretreatment test, carbonate and Fe-Mn oxide fractions of Cu in MSWI bottom ash was transferred to organic matters/sulfide fraction. After Na3PO4 pretreatment test, that carbonate and organic matters fractions reduce and increase residual fraction.The results indicate that the immobilization efficiency of PDTC in treating with bottom ash is higher than Na2S and Na3PO4. The immobilization efficiencie of 0.2 % APDC pretreatment for 1day is over 97%. Immobilization of four agents pretreatments for 1day are more efficiency than short-time pretreatments. According to the extraction results of Cu extracted from MSWI bottom ash by 0.2M EDTA, extraction efficiencies of Cu of MSWI bottom ash were 20%. EDTA extraction could decrease the content of Cu, lower impact of Cu to the environment, and make the bottom ash mor environment friendly.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents目錄 謝誌 i 摘要 ii Abstract iii 表目錄 vii 圖目錄 viii 第一章 緒論 1 1.1 研究緣起與目的 1 1.2 研究內容 2 第二章 文獻回顧 3 2.1 都市垃圾焚化底渣 3 2.2 焚化爐底渣之物理化學特性 5 2.2.1 物理性質 5 2.2.2 化學性質 6 2.2.3 底渣中重金屬 7 2.3 酸雨對重金屬溶出之影響 10 2.4 垃圾焚化底渣重金屬溶出特性之評估方法 11 2.4.1 不同溶出程序之比較 11 2.4.2序列萃取程序(Sequential Extraction Procedure) 15 2.5 影響重金屬溶出之因子 17 2.6 底渣再利用現況 18 2.7 垃圾焚化底渣之前處理法 21 2.7.1磷酸鹽穩定法 21 2.7.2硫化物穩定化 21 2.7.3 有機液體螯合劑 24 第三章 研究材料與方法 26 3.1研究方法 26 3.2 實驗步驟與設備材料 26 3.2.1 基本特性分析 26 3.2.1.2 含水量 26 3.2.1.3 重金屬王水全量分析 26 3.2.1.5 XRD分析(PANalytical X’Pert pro MRD) 28 3.2.2藥劑處理試驗 28 3.2.3管柱淋洗試驗 28 3.2.4 毒性特性溶出程序試驗(TCLP) 29 3.2.5 序列萃取程序試驗 30 第四章 結果與討論 32 4.1底渣性質 32 4.2 管柱試驗與序列萃取試驗 34 4.2.1未處理之底渣 34 4.2.2穩定化試驗 37 4.2.2.1 硫化鈉處理 37 4.2.2.2 磷酸三鈉處理 42 4.2.2.3 吡咯烷二硫代氨基甲酸銨 47 4.2.2.4 EDTA處理 53 4.2.2.5 四種前處理比較分析 59 第五章 結論 62 參考文獻 63 附錄 68zh_TW
dc.language.isozh_TWen_US
dc.publisher土壤環境科學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1908201310445400en_US
dc.subject底渣zh_TW
dc.subjectbottom ashen_US
dc.subjectzh_TW
dc.subject逐步萃取zh_TW
dc.subjectCuen_US
dc.subjectsequential extraction proceduresen_US
dc.title四種前處理試劑對都市垃圾焚化爐底渣銅序列萃取之影響zh_TW
dc.titleEffects of four different pretreatments on the leaching of Cu of municipal solid waste incinerator bottom ashes by using sequential extraction proceduresen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.languageiso639-1zh_TW-
item.grantfulltextnone-
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