Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27464
標題: 環境表現與效率:加入ISO 14001對台灣電子零組件業成本效率之影響
Environmental Performance and Efficiency: the Impact of Introducing ISO 14001 on the Cost Efficiency in Electronic Components Industry
作者: 彭怡瑄
Peng, Yi-Hsuan
關鍵字: ISO 14001;ISO 14001;cost efficiency;stochastic cost frontier;Porter Hypothesis;成本效率;隨機成本邊界;波特假說
出版社: 應用經濟學系所
引用: 中文部分 顧洋、申永順,2003,「ISO 14001 國際環境管理系列標準之發展趨勢評析」,經濟部工業污染防治季刊,第85期,頁104-124。 於幼華、廖述良、張慶源、邱祈榮、朱子豪合著,2005,「永續發展知識管理系統建立之整合成果呈現推動計畫」,行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫成果報告。 鍾宜展、蔡志弘、羅展興、蔡世傑合著,2006,「臺灣廠商通過ISO 14001與環保標章之環境設計執行現況探討 」,機械工業雜誌,第279期,頁104-114。 申永順、陳玉秋合著,2007,「國內外通過ISO 14001 驗證企業持續改善效益之調查研究」,經濟部工業污染防治季刊,第26期,頁93-115 。 劉錦添、邱秋瑩,1992,污染防治與廠商的生產效率:台灣四個產業的實證,國家科學委員會研究彙刊:人文及社會科學,第2卷,第1期,頁45-58。 劉錦添,曾文清,1993,「污染防治對產業發展之影響」,台銀季刊,第42卷,第4期,頁134-155。 莊武仁、黃秀玲,1998,台灣壽險產業規模經濟和多元經濟之研究,淡江學報,第36期,頁135-158。 英文部分 Afriat, S.N., (1972),“Efficiency estimation of production functions”, International Economic Review, Vol. 1, pp. 568-598. Aigner, D.J. and S.F. Chu, (1968),“On estimating the industry production function”, American Economic Review, Vol. 58, pp. 826-839. Aigner, D.J., C.A.K. Lovell and P.J. Schmidt, (1977),“Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models”, Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 6, pp. 21-37. Alam, I.S. and R.C. Sickles, (1998),“The Relationship between Stock Market Returns and Technical Efficiency Innovations: Evidence from the US Airline Industry”, Journal of Productivity Analysis, Vol. 9, pp. 35-51. Albarran, A.B., (1996), Media Economics: Understanding Markets, Industries and Concepts. Ames: lowa State University Press Arimura, T., A. Hibiki, and H. Katayama, (2005),“Is a voluntary approach an effective environmental policy instrument?—a case of environment al management systems.” Paper Presented to 32nd Kobe University Environmental Economics Workshop, 22 Aug, Kobe. Arora, S. Ashton, J.K., (2000),“Cost efficiency in the UK water and sewerage industry”, Applied Ewconomics Letters, Vol. 7, pp. 455-458. Bain, J.S., (1968), Industrial organization (2nd ed), New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Bansal, P.and T.Hunter, (2003), “Strategic explanations for the early adoption of ISO 14001”, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 46, pp. 289–299. Battese, G.E. and G.S. Corra (1977),“Estimation of a Production Frontier Moedl: With Application to the Pastoral Zone of Eastern Australia”, Australian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 21, pp. 169-179. Battese, G.E. and T. Coelli, (1995),“A model for technical inefficiency effects in a stochastic frontier production function”, Empirical Economic, Vol. 20, pp. 325-332. Caves, R. and Barton, D., (1990),“Efficiency in U.S. manufacturing industries”, MIT Press, Combridge, MA. Chin K.S. and K.F. Pun Pun, (1998),“Factors Influencing ISO 14000 Implentation in printed circuit board manufacturing industry in Hong Kong”, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Vol. 42, pp. 123-134. Chintrakarn, P., (2008),“Environmental regulation and U.S. states’ technical inefficiency, Journal of Economics Letters, Vol. 100, pp. 363-365. Copeland, T., T. Koller, and J. Murrin, (2000),“Valuation: Measuring and Managing the Value of Companies”, 3rd edition, NY: McKinsey & Company, Inc. Diewert, W. E. (1974),“Intertemporal Consumer Theory and the Demand for Durables”, Econometrica, Vol. 42, pp. 497-516. Farrell. M. J., (1957),“The Measurement of Productive Efficiency”, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Vol. 120, pp. 254-290. Farrell M. J. and M. Fieldhouse (1962),“Estimating Efficient Production Functions under Increasing Returns to Scale”, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Vol. 125, pp. 252-267. Freeman, D. (1997),“Cost/benefit analysis of ISO 14001 implementation”. GETF,http://www.iso14000.net/empire/?SubSystemID=1&ComponentID=15667. Forsond. F. R., C.A. K Lovell, and P. Schmidt., (1980),“A Survey of Frontier Production Functions and of their Relationship to Efficiency Measurement”, Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 13, pp. 5-25. Green W. (2003), ”Fixed effects and bias due to the incidental parameters problem in the tobit model”, manuscript, Department of Economics, Stem School of Business, New York University. Jiang, R.J.,and P. Bansal, (2003),“Seeing the need for ISO 14001”, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 40, pp. 1047–1067. Knittel, C.R., (2002),“Alternative Regulatory Methods and Firm Efficiency: Stochastic Frontier Evidence From The U.S. Electricity Industry”, The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 84, pp. 530-540. Kumbhakar, S.C., (1993),“Production Risk, Technical Efficiency, and Panel Data”, Economics Letters, Vol. 41, pp. 11-16. Kumbhakar, S.C., and C.A.K. Lovell, (2000), Stochastic Frontier Analysis, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK. Lee P.T., (2005),“Implementing ISO 14001: is it beneficial for firms in newly industrialized Malaysia? ”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 13, pp. 397-404. Lynk, E.L., (1993),“Privatisation, Joint Production and the Comparative Efficiencies of Private and Public Ownership: The UK Water Industry Case”, Fiscal Studies, Vol. 14, pp. 98-116. Meeusen, W. and J. van den Broeck, (1977),“Efficiency estimation from Cobb-Doug& production functions with composed error”, International Economic Review, Vol. 18, pp. 435-444. Nishitani K., (2010),“Demand for ISO 14001 adoption in the global supply chain: An empirical analysis focusing on environmentally conscious markets ”, Resource and Energy Economics, Vol. 32 pp. 395-407. Piot-Lepetit,I. and M. Moing, (2007),“Productivity and environmental regulation: the effect of the nitrates directive in the French pig sector”, Environmental Resource Economy, Vol. 38, pp. 433-446. Pitt, M. and L. Lee, (1981),“The measurement and sources of technical inefficiency in Indonesian weaving industry”, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 9, pp. 43-64. Porter, M. E., (1991),“America’s Green Strategy”, Scientific American, Vol. 264, pp. 168. Porter, M. E., and C. van der Linde, (1995),“Toward a New Conception of the Environment-Competitiveness Relationship”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 9, pp. 97-118. Richmond, J., (1974),“Estimating the efficiency of production”, International Economic Review, Vol. 15, pp. 515-521. Schmidt, P., (1976),“On the statistical estimation of parametric frontier production functions”, Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 58, pp. 238-239. Schmidt, P. and R.E. Sickles, (1984),“Production frontiers and panel data”, Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, Vol. 2, pp. 367-374. Seitz, W.D., (1971),“Productive efficiency in the steam-electric generating industry”, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 79, pp. 878-886. Shephard, R.W., (1953),“Cost and Production Functions”, Princeton University Press, New Jersey. Timmer, C.P.,(1971),“Using a probabilistic frontier production function to measure technical efficiency”, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 79, pp. 776-794. Tobin, J.,(1958),“Estimation of Relationships for Limited Dependent Variables.”, Econometrica, Vol. 26, pp. 24-36. Vlist, A.J.V., C. Withagen, and H. Folmer, (2007),“Technical efficiency under alternative environmental regulatory regimes: The case of Dutch horticulture”, Ecological Economics, Vol. 63, pp. 165-173. 網路部分 行政院勞委會─就業指南 http://163.29.140.81/careerguide/ind/ind_detail.asp?section_id=1&id_no=C027 台灣環境資訊協會─環境資訊中心電子報 http://e-info.org.tw/node/18839 經濟部投資業務處網站 http://www.dois.moea.gov.tw/ 台灣經濟研究院全球資訊網 http://www.tier.org.tw/ 台灣工業文化資訊網站 http://industry.nstm.gov.tw/index.asp 經濟部工業局 http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw
摘要: 
過去多為強制性的環保法規對於生產力之探討,本研究期望突破以往以另一個角度瞭解企業自願性申請國際標準組織(ISO)環保標準驗證 ─ ISO 14001,對於其效率的影響是否與Porter假說相符或相異,故本研究試圖以台灣資訊電子業發展最好之電子零組件業為主研究對象,依據Battese and Coelli (1995)所建立之隨機成本邊界理論( Stochastic Cost frontier Model ),在2001年至2008年八個年度,共計110家上市上櫃企業,探討有無申請ISO 14001標準驗證對於其成本效率的影響。本研究以兩階段實證,首先藉由超越對數成本函數估算電子零組件業之隨機成本邊界,探討企業的成本無效率程度,隨後分析企業在台灣生產流程中,自主性申請通過環保管理系統認證─ISO 14001和廠商特性對於各企業成本效率之影響,並驗證「Porter Hypothesis」是否成立。
第一階段實證結果顯示整體企業成本效率值約在0.3~0.59間,家數達91家,占全數企業中約90%,其中成本效率值以0.4~0.49區間企業家數最多,而各年度整體電子零組件業平均效率值落入0.4~0.5間;第二階段實證結果顯示企業隨著不同的廠商特性對其成本效率也有不同表現,企業在剛開始申請通過ISO 14001時,會使其成本效率值變差,並不支持Porter 假說,然而隨著申請驗證年數越長時,成本效率值的負向效果會逐步減弱,預期至7年後,成本效率值表現會轉向正值且緩趨上升,故本研究認為企業加入ISO 14001標準驗證之優勢並非短期內可以呈現,而是需要長期之後才會顯現出來。

In contrast with past productivity studies that focused on mandatory environmental regulations, this study hopes to show another perspective by focusing on the voluntary applications of business enterprises for the ISO 14001 environmental standards authentication, and whether the business cost efficiency is consistent with the Porter Hypothesis. This study looks at the best performing of Taiwan's information electronics industries: the electronic components industry, and applies the stochastic cost frontier model of Battese and Coelli (1995). The study period is eight years, from 2001-2008; the total sample size is 110 TSE and OTC companies; the goal is to find whether or not the application of ISO 14991 standard validation will influence cost efficiency. This empirical study has two stages. The first stage will the estimation of the electronic components industry's translog cost function stochastic frontier, and the level of the enterprise cost inefficiency. The second stage will look at the influence of introducing ISO 14001 on Taiwan-based production, and the affect that different enterprise characteristics have on business cost efficiency. Finally, this study will verify whether or not the Porter Hypothesis has been established.

The first stage of empirical results shows overall corporate cost efficiency from 0.3 to 0.59; this includes data from 91 enterprises, accounting for about 90% of the total number of enterprise. The annual total average cost efficiency value of the electronics components industry falls between in 0.4 to 0.5. The second stage of empirical results shows the affect the different characteristics performances. After first introducing ISO 14001, an enterprise's cost efficiency value will worsen, which does not support the Porter Hypothesis; however, in the years after introduction, the negative effect on the cost efficiency will gradually fade. It is expected that after 7 years, the effect on enterprises cost efficiency will be positive. This study shows that the advantages of ISO 14001 standard are not immediately evident, but emerge only in the long term.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/27464
其他識別: U0005-2206201115290500
Appears in Collections:應用經濟學系

Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.