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標題: 仿被動式步行之雙足機器人步態規劃與實現
Passive Walking Pattern-Based Biped Robot Gait Planning and Implementation
作者: 王泊翔
Wang, Po-Hsiang
關鍵字: 仿被動步行;Passive Walking Pattern-Based;雙足機器人;步態規劃;Biped Robot;Gait Planning
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: [1] T. McGeer, “Passive Dynamic Walking,” Int. J. of Robotics Research,Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 62-82, 1990. [2] M. Vukobratovic and J. Stepanenko, “On the Stability of Anthropomorphic Systems,” Mathematical Biosciences, Vol. 15, pp. 1-37, 1972. [3] S. Kajita, F. Kanehiro, K. Kaneko, K. Yokoi, and H. Hirukawa, “The 3D Linear Inverted Pendulum Mode: A Simple Modeling for a Biped Walking Pattern Generation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Intelligent Robots and Systems,Vol. 1, pp. 239-246, 2001. [4] S. Kajita, F. Kanehiro, K. Kaneko, K. Fujiwara, K.Yokoi, and H. Hirukawa, “A Realtime Pattern Generator for Biped Walking,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Robotics and Automation, Vol. 1, pp. 31-37, 2002. [5] 梶田秀司 編著, 管貽生 譯,仿人機器人, 清華大學出版社, 北京,2007. [6] K. Harada, S. Kajita, K. Kaneko, and H. Hirukawa, “An Analyical Method on Real-time Gait Planning for a Humanoid Robot,” Int. J. Humanoid Robotics,Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 1-19, 2006. [7] T. Sato, S. Sakaino, and K. Ohnishi, “Real-Time Walking Trajectory Generation Method at Constant Body Height in Single Support Phase for Three-Dimensional Biped Robot,” .in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. on Industrial Technology, pp. 1-6, 10-13 Feb. 2009. [8] T. Sato, S. Sakaino, and K. Ohnishi, “Real-Time Walking Trajectory Generation Method With Three-Mass Models at Constant Body Height for Three- Dimensional Biped Robots,”. IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, pp. 376-383, Feb. 2011. [9] 高琦凱, “雙足機器人的設計製作與步態規劃及嵌入式單軸伺服控制器實作”,國立中興大學機械工程學系碩士論文,民國九十六年. [10] 林稚容, “雙足機器人之動態步行軌跡規劃”, 國立中興大學機械工程學系碩士論文,民國九十九年. [11] Q. Huang, K. Yokoi, S. Kajita, K. Kaneko, H. Arai, N. Koyachi, and K. Tannie, “Planning Walking Pattern for a Biped Robot,” IEEE Trans. Robotics and Automation, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 280-289, June 2001. [12] C. Zhu, Y. Tomizawa, and A. Kawamura, ”Bipedal Walking Pattern Design Based on Synchronization of the Motions in Sagittal and Lateral Planes,” in Proc. IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 4101-4107, 2-6 Aug. 2005. [13] T. Ha and C.-H. Choi, “An Effective Trajectory Generation Method for Bipedal Walking,” Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Vol. 55, No. 10, pp. 795-810, Oct. 2007. [14] K. Erbatur and O. Kurt, “Natural ZMP Trajectories for Biped Robot Reference Generation,” IEEE Tran. on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 56, No. 3, pp. 835-845, March 2009. [15] R.C. Luo, H.-Y. Chang, H.-H. Chang, and Y.-P. Yang, “Walking Pattern Based on Simulated Annealing for Biped Robotics,” in Proc. 8th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation, pp. 1135-1140, June 2011. [16] B.-J. Lee, D. Stonier, Y.-D. Kim, J.-K. Yoo and J.-H. Kim, “Modifiable Walking Pattern of a Humanoid Robot by Using Allowable ZMP Variation,” IEEE Trans. Robotics, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 917-925, Aug 2008. [17] HUNO robot platform, RoboBuilder Co., Ltd. [18] J. J. Craig, Introduction to Robotics : Mechanics and Control, 3rd Ed., Addison Wesley, 2005

In this thesis, passive walking pattern-based gait planning and implementation are considered for a biped robot. First, the forward kinematics is considered using the D-H method. Then, analytic inverse kinematics equations for the swing leg are derived using both algebraic and geometric methods. Based on the principle of compass-like passive walker, the support leg is simplified as an inverted pendulum with straightened thigh and shank, and the motion trajectory of the hip is generated. The x- and z-trajectories of the swing leg’s foot are then planned using the polynomial interpolation method. And based on the multi-point-mass model, the ZMP equations are derived for testing the walking stability of the biped robot. For the calculation of ZMP, the Jacobian matrices for computing the velocities of each link’s centers of mass are derived, and the accelerations of each mass-center are obtained by direct differentiation. Finally, computer simulations and implementation of the gait pattern are demonstrated to illustrate the effectiveness of the suggested approach.
其他識別: U0005-0808201215404700
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