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標題: 不同運動介入時機對餐後脂肪代謝的影響
Effects of different exercise timing on postprandial lipemia
作者: 徐緯珍
Hsu, Wei-Chen
關鍵字: 運動介入時機;exercise timing;血脂肪;血糖;胰島素;postprandial lipemia;triglyceride;insulin
出版社: 運動與健康管理研究所
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目的:近年來有許多學者於研究中發現,長期的血脂肪異常會造成動脈病變而引發心血管疾病,也容易導致糖尿病,而餐後血脂肪異常是提高罹患心血管疾病風險的指標之一,降低餐後血脂肪能有效降低罹患心血管疾病的風險,因此本研究主要目的在探討較佳的運動介入時機對於餐後脂肪代謝的影響。方法:本實驗以7名有規律運動的健康男性為受試對象,所有受試者須以隨機的方式完成四組實驗,分別為:運動後6小時進食 (EX-6hr)、運動後4小時進食 (EX-4hr)、運動後2小時進食 (EX-2hr) 及進食前不運動 (control)。除控制組外,在三組運動組中每人皆須在跑步機上進行為時45分鐘、強度為60VO2max的運動,在運動後分別於2、4及6小時給予高脂肪餐點 (OFTT),並於餐前及餐後30、90、150、210及270分鐘後採取血液進行分析,觀察餐後4小時間的血脂肪代謝、血糖及胰島素變化。所有數據均採重複量數二因子變異數分析法來進行比較,而AUC及IACU則採重複量數單因子變異數分析法進行分析。結果:本研究主要結果發現,在血漿中生化值部分四組皆無顯著差異 (p > .05),餐前6小時的運動介入,血脂肪略低於控制組,但是餐前2、4及6小時的運動介入對於胰島素曲線下增加面積皆略低於控制組。結論:本研究的結論為餐前不同的運動介入時機對於餐後血脂肪的變化皆無明顯的影響,但在餐前6小時的運動介入對於血脂肪、血糖及胰島素部分則有下降的趨勢。

Purpose: Recent studies show that hypertriglyceridemia is a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Therefore, lowering postprandial hyper- triglyceridemia after a fat-meal may prevent cardiovascular disease and atherogenic process. The aim of this study was to examine the optimal exercise timing on postprandial triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), insulin and glucose responses. Methods: 7 healthy, active male subjects were participated in this study. All subjects completed 4 experimental trials in a randomized order and cross- over design: 1) exercise at 6 hours before fat-meal (EX-6hr), 2) exercise at 4 hours before fat-meal (EX-4hr), 3) exercise at 2 hours before fat-meal (EX-2hr), and 4) No exercise before fat-meal (control). Except for control group, the rest of the groups were asked to exercise at 60% VO2max for 45 minutes before an oral fat tolerance test. Blood sample were collected before meal and 30, 90, 150, 210, 270 minutes after meal. All data were analyzed by repeated designed two-way ANOVA, AUC and IACU were analyzed by repeated designed one-way ANOVA. Results: There are no significant differences in TG, TC, insulin and glucose between trials (p > .05). Postprandial lipemia seems to slightly lower in the group of exercise at 6 hours before meal compared to the control group. The IAUC of exercise at 2, 4 and 6 hours before a meal were slightly lower than the control group. Conclusions: There were no significant effects on exercise before a fat-meal on postprandial lipemia, but it seems that exercise at 6 hours before fat-meal have a downward trend on postprandial lipemia, blood glucose and insulin.
其他識別: U0005-2908201211272500
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