Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28082
標題: 黏土礦物層面電荷特性之電化學分析
Electroanalysis of Layer Charge Character on Clay Minerals
作者: 鄭世堃
Cheng, Shih-Kun
關鍵字: clay modified electrode;黏粒修飾電極;clay minerals;黏土礦物
出版社: 土壤環境科學系所
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摘要: 
Abstract

Structure and system are improved recently due to progress of transistor and integrated circuit. Screen printed electrode has advantage of low cost, easy modification and disposability that promote rapid development of electroanalysis. We studied three subjects of electroanalysis on clay minerals.
1. Electroanalysis of Surface Charge of Alkylammonium Intercalated Smectites
Electroanalysis of surface charge of alkylammonium intercalated smectites. In this subject, surface charge of alkylammonium intercalated smectites was studied by using electrochemical technique coupled with X-ray and IR instruments. The electrochemical behavior of paraquat clearly indicated an apparent difference of surface charge between Na-montmorillonite and ferruginous smectite, originated from octahedral and tetrahedral charge. Intercalated alkylammonium could change the surface charge characteristics of these two montmorillonite. The effect of alkylammonium in surface charge was found to increase with the carbon number of alkylammonium. The surface charge of ferruginous smectite was most affected by alkylammonium.
2. Application of electrochemical technique to study the catalysis of catechol by clay minerals
Application of electrochemical technique to study the catalysis of catechol by clay minerals. In this subject, the catalysis and polycondensation of catechol and glycine by clay minerals using screen-printed carbon electrode coupled with cyclic voltammetry. The results indicated electroanalytical technique is a rapid and convenient method in studying catalysis and polycondensation of catechol. The order of catalytic ability was ferruginous smectite > kaolinite > Na-montmorillonite. Ferruginous smectite had larger oxidative and reductive power due to the existence of Fe2+/3+ in octahedral layer, and hence its catalysis for catechol was much obvious than other clay minerals. Furthermore, porosity of clay film might affect clay-modified electrode in studying catalysis and polycondensation of catechol. Overall, cyclic voltammetry at different scan rate could be a rapid and convenient method in catalytic study of clay minerals. Porosity of clay film might affect clay-modified electrode in studying catalysis and polycondensation of catechol. Overall, cyclic voltammetry at different scan rate could be a rapid and convenient method in catalytic study of clay minerals.
3. Effects of clay minerals on electroanalysis of copper-plated screen printed electrode
Effects of clay minerals on electrochemical character of copper-plated screen printed electrode. In this subject, we modified copper-plated screen printed electrode with ferruginous smectite, Na-montmorillonite and kaolinite. Oxidative and reductive signals increased due to the adsorption of copper ion on clay minerals. We study the movement of paraquat in clay film. The results indicated the order of the signals of paraquat was ferruginous smectite > Na-montmorillonite > kaolinite. The Rpc and Rpa of clay modified copper-modified screen printed electrode were more than that of clay modified screen printed electrode. When paraquat was added, the order of the signals for copper was kaolinite > Na-montmorillonite > ferruginous smectite. That indicated electrochemistry od copper was affected by adsorption of copper ion on clay minerals and layer charge of clay minerals. Clay modified copper-plated screen printed electrode could determine larger current of paraquat, and movement of paraquat in clay film of clay modified copper-plated screen printed electrode was more than that of clay modified carbon electrode. Clay modified copper-plated screen printed electrode has larger potential for determination of some analytic compounds.
Electroanalysis has rapid, convenient, variable and inexpensive characters, and that has larger potential for studying clay minerals. Electroanalysis is a advantaged technique for development and popularization.

摘 要

近年來因晶片技術與積體電路上的進步,改善了電化學分析儀器的構造與系統。結合具有低成本、方便修飾、可拋棄等優點的網版印刷碳電極,使今日電化學分析技術得以迅速發展。以下列三個主題進行電化學分析應用於黏土礦物方面的研究:
一、以電化學方法探討烷銨插層膨潤石類之表面電荷特性
以電化學分析技術結合X-射線及紅外線光譜儀器來探討烷銨插層膨潤石類之表面電荷特性,以巴拉刈為電化學活性物質的偵測結果指出,由伏安圖及波峰電流強度可顯示分別導源於八面體層與四面體層電荷的鈉蒙特石與多鐵蒙特石在表面電荷特性上有明顯的差異。烷銨插層會改變兩種蒙特石的表面電荷特性,且隨著烷銨碳數的增加也增加其在兩種蒙特石表面電荷特性上的影響,其中以對多鐵蒙特石的影響較為明顯。
二、以電化學方法探討黏土礦物對鄰苯二酚的催化作用
利用網版印刷碳電極結合循環伏安法來探討黏土礦物對鄰苯二酚的催化作用與其和甘胺酸的聚縮反應,試驗結果指出利用電化學方法來探討黏土礦物對鄰苯二酚的催化和聚縮反應是一種迅速方便的方法,且由結果也得知三種黏土礦物對鄰苯二酚的催化與聚縮反應的大小順序為多鐵蒙特石 > 高嶺石 > 鈉蒙特石。多鐵蒙特石由於其八面體層中的 Fe2+/3+ 具有較大的氧化還原效能,故在鄰苯二酚的催化能力上較其它兩種黏土礦物明顯。以黏粒修飾電極的方式來探討催化和聚縮反應雖會受到黏粒膜層孔隙率所影響,但以不同掃描速率的方式來探討黏土礦物表面的催化效能亦不失為是一種迅速方便的方法。
三、黏土礦物對銅電極電化學特性之影響
銅網版印刷碳電極為電化學分析方法中一具有良好應用性的電極種類,在其表面以三種黏土礦物作修飾後,會因為黏土礦物對銅離子的吸附而增大銅的氧化、還原訊號。利用電化學活性物質巴拉刈作為探針物質,探討其在黏粒膜層中移動情形,試驗結果指出以三種黏粒修飾後,銅網版印刷碳電極因為銅離子的吸附,所偵測到的巴拉刈訊號大小為多鐵蒙特石 > 鈉蒙特石 > 高嶺石,且測得之 Rpc 與 Rpa 值皆比黏粒修飾網版印刷電極所測得之值為大。在銅的訊號上,由於巴拉刈的參與,測得的訊號大小依序為高嶺石 > 鈉蒙特石 > 多鐵蒙特石,反映出不同吸附能力與電荷種類影響銅的電化學活性表現。黏粒修飾銅網版印刷碳電極可以有效增大對巴拉刈的偵測訊號,且巴拉刈在黏粒修飾銅網版印刷碳電極之黏粒膜層中的移動也較在黏粒修飾網版印刷電極之黏粒膜層中快速,黏粒修飾銅電極未來在分析物的偵測上具有很大的潛力。
電化學分析技術具有迅速、方便、可變性高與價格低廉等優勢,在黏土礦物的研究上具有很大的潛力,為一值得發展與推廣的分析技術。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28082
其他識別: U0005-2107200718374300
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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