Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28108
標題: 利用層狀雙氫氧化物 (LiAl2(OH)6Cl•xH¬2O)自水中移除磷
Removal of phosphate from water using Li/Al layered double hydroxide
作者: 鄭佳怡
Cheng, Chia-Yi
關鍵字: sorption;吸附;anion exchange;phosphate;layered double hydroxide;eutrophication;離子交換;磷酸根離子;層狀雙氫氧化物;優養化
出版社: 土壤環境科學系所
引用: 陳仁炫。1990。肥料增進的原則與對策(三) 磷肥。農藥世界。84:58-64。 Anderson, D.M., P.M. Glibert, and J.M. Burkholder. 2002. Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Nutrient sources,composition, and consequences. Estuaries 25:704-726. Aramendia, M.A., V. Borau, C. Jimenez, J.M. Marinas, F.J. Romero, and J.R. Ruiz. 1997. Synthesis, characterization, and 1H and 71Ga MAS NMR spectroscopy of a novel Mg/Ga double layered hydroxide. J. Solid State Chem. 131:78-83. Bar-Yosef, B., U. Kafkafi, R. Rosenberg, and G. Sposito. 1988. Phosphate adsorption by kaolinite and montmorillonite:Effect of time, ionic strength, and pH. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 52:1580-1585. Bautista, F.M., J.M. Campelo, A. Garcia, D. Luna, J.M. Marinas, M.C. Moreno, A.A. Romero, J.A. Navio, and M. Macias. 1998. Structural and textural characterization of AIPO4–B2O3 and Al2O3–B2O3 (5–30 wt% B2O3) systems obtained by boric acid impregnation. J. Catal. 173:333-344. Bennett, E.M., S.R. Carpenter, and N.F. Caraco. 2001. Human impact on erodable phosphorus and eutrophication: A global perspective. Biosci. 51:227-234. Besserguenev, A.V., A.M. Fogg, R.J. Francis, S.J. Price, D. O''Hare, V.P. Isupov, and B.P. Tolochko. 1997. Synthesis and structure of the gibbsite intercalation compounds [LiAl2(OH)6]X {X=Cl, Br, NO3} and [LiAl2(OH)6]Cl•H2O using synchrotron X-ray and neutron powder diffraction. Chem. Mater. 9:241-247. Bleam, W.F., P.E. Pfeffer, and J.S. Frye. 1989. 31P solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of aluminum phosphate minerals. Phys. Chem. Miner. 16:455-464. Borggaard, O.K., B. Raben-Lange, A.L. Gimsing, and B.W. Strobel. 2005. Influence of humic substances on phosphate adsorption by aluminium and iron oxides. Geoderma 127:270-279. Borja, M., and P.K. Dutta. 1992. Fatty acids in layered metal hydroxides: Membrane-like structure and dynamlcs. J. Phys. Chem. 96:5434-5444. Burkholder, J.M. 2000. Eutrophication and oligotrophication, p. 649-670, in S. Levin, ed. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol. 2. Academic Press, New York. Carpenter, S.R., N.F. Caraco, D.L. Correll, R.W. Howarth, A.N. Sharpley, and V.H. Smith. 1998. Nonpoint pollution of surface waters with phosphorus and nitrogen. Ecol. Appl. 8:559-568. Chitrakar, R., S. Tezuka, A. Sonoda, K. Sakane, K. Ooi, and T. Hirotsu. 2005. Adsorption of phosphate from seawater on calcined MgMn-layered double hydroxides. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 290:45-51. Chitrakar, R., S. Tezuka, A. Sonoda, K. Sakane, K. Ooi, and T. Hirotsu. 2006. Phosphate adsorption on synthetic goethite and akaganeite. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 298:602–608. Chorus, I., and J. Bartram. 1999. Toxic cyanobacteria in water: A guide to the public health consequences, monitoring and management. E & FN Spon, New York. Codd, G.A., C.J. Ward, and S.G. Bell. 1997. Cyanobacterial toxins: Occurrence, modes of action, health effects and exposure routes, p. 399-410, in J. P. Seiler and E. Vilanova, eds. Applied toxicology: Approaches through basic science. Archives of Toxicology Supplement 19. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany. Daniel, T.C., A.N. Sharpley, D.R. Edwards, R. Wedepohl, and J.L. Lemunyon. 1994. Minimizing surface water eutrophication from agriculture by phosphorus management. J. Soil Water Conserv. 49:30-38. Das, J., B.S. Patra, N. Baliarsingh, and K.M. Parida. 2006. Adsorption of phosphate by layered double hydroxides in aqueous solutions. Appl. Clay Sci. 32:252-260. de-Bashana, L.E., and Y. Bashan. 2004. Recent advances in removing phosphorus from wastewater and its future use as fertilizer (1997-2003). Water Res. 38:4222-4246. Donnert, D., and M. Salecker. 1999. Elimination of phosphorus from waste water by crystallization. Environ. Technol. 20:735-742. Dutta, P.K., and M. Puri. 1989. Anion exchange in lithium aluminate hydroxides J. Phys. Chem. 93:376-381. Dutta, P.K., and D.S. Robins. 1994. Interlayer dynamics of a fatty acid exchanged lithium aluminum layered double hydroxide monitored by infrared spectroscopy and pyrene fluorescence. Langmuir 10:4681-4687. Fluck, R.C., C. Fonyo, and E. Flaig. 1992. Land-use-based phosphorus balances for Lake Okeechobee, Florida, drainage basins. Appl. Eng. Agric. 8:813-820. Fogg, A.M., J.S. Dunn, S.-G. Shyu, D.R. Cary, and D. O’Hare. 1998. Selective ion-exchange intercalation of isomeric dicarboxylate anions into the layered double hydroxide [LiAl2(OH)6]Cl‧H2O. Chem. Mater. 10:351-355. Fogg, A.M., and D. O''Hare. 1999. Study of the intercalation of lithium salt in gibbsite using time-resolved in situ X-ray diffraction. Chem. Mater. 11:1771-1775. Fontes, M.P.F., and S.B. Weed. 1996. Phosphates adsorption by clays from Brazilian Oxisols: Relationships with specific surface area and mineralogy. Geoderma 72:37-51. Fox, I., and M.A. Malati. 1993. An investigation of phosphate adsorption by clays and it''s relation to the problem of eutrophication of the river. J. Chem. technol. Biotechnol. 57:97-107. Gallez, A., A.S.R. Juo, and A.J. Herbillon. 1976. Surface and charge characteristics of selected soils in the tropics. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 40:601-608. Gleick, P.H. 1998. Water in crisis: Paths to sustainable water use. Ecol. Appl. 8:571-579. Goldberg, S., J.A. Davis, and J.D. Hem. 1996. The surface chemistry of aluminum oxides and hydroxides, p. 271-331, in G. Sposito, ed. The environmental chemistry of aluminum. Lewis Publishers, New York. Goswamee, R.L., P. Sengupta, K.G. Bhattacharyya, and D.K. Dutta. 1998. Adsorption of Cr(VI) in layered double hydroxides. Appl. Clay Sci. 13:21-34. Guan, X.-H., C. Shang, and G.-H. Chen. 2006. Competitive adsorption of organic matter with phosphate on aluminum hydroxide. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 296:51-58. Helyar, K.R., D.N. Munns, and R.G. Burau. 1976. Adsorption of phosphate by gibbsite: Ⅰ. Effects of neutral chlorides salts of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium. J. Soil Sci. 27:307-314. Hou, X., D.L. Bish, S.L. Wang, C.T. Johnston, and R.J. Kirkpatrick. 2003. Hydration, expansion, structure, and dynamics of layered double hydroxides. Am. Mineral. 88:167-179. Hsu, L.C., S.L. Wang, Y.M. Tzou, C.F. Lin, and J.H. Chena. 2007. The removal and recovery of Cr(VI) by Li/Al layered double hydroxide (LDH). J. Mazard. Mater. 142:242-249. John, A., D. Philip, K.R. Morgan, and S. Devanarayanan. 2000. IR and Raman spectra of two layered aluminium phosphates Co(en)3Al3P4O16 • 3H2O and [NH4]3[Co(NH3)6]3[Al2(PO4)4]2 • 2H2O. Spectrochim. Acta A 56:2715-2723. Kyle, J.H., A.M. Posner, and J.P. Quirk. 1975. Kinetics of isotopic exchange of phosphate adsorbed on gibbsite. J. Soil Sci. 26:32-43. Lapointe, B.E. 1997. Nutrient thresholds for bottom-up control of macroalgal blooms on coral reefs in Jamaica and southeast Florida. Limnol. Oceanogr. 42:1119-1131. Lawton, L.A., and G.A. Codd. 1991. Cyanobacterial (blue-green algae) toxins and their significance in UK and European waters. J. Inst. Water Environ. Manag. 5:460-465. Lazaridis, N.K., A. Hourzemanoglou, and K.A. Matis. 2002. Flotation of metal-loaded clay anion exchangers. Part Ⅱ: The case of arsenates. Chemosphere 47:319–324. Lei, L., F. Millange, R.I. Walton, and D. O''Hare. 2000. Efficient separation of pyridinedicarboxylates by preferential anion exchange intercalation in [LiAl2(OH)6]Cl•H2O. J. Mater. Chem. 10:1881. Lindsay, W.L., and P.M. Walthall. 1996. The solubility of aluminum in soil, p. 333-361, in G. Sposito, ed. The environmental chemistry of aluminum. Lewis Publishers, New York. Liu, Y.T., M.K. Wang, T.Y. Chen, P.N. Chiang, P.M. Huang, and J.F. Lee. 2006. Arsenate sorption on lithium/aluminum layered double hydroxide intercalated by chloride and on gibbsite: Sorption isotherms, envelopes, and spectroscopic studies. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40:7784-7789. Lookman, R., P. Grobet, R. Merckx, and K. Vlassak. 1994. Phosphate sorption by synthetic amorphous aluminium hydroxides: a 27Al and 31P solid-state MAS NMR spectroscopy study. Eur. J. Soil Sci. 45:37-44. Lookman, R., P. Grobet, R. Merckx, and W.H. van Riemsdijk. 1997. Application of 31P and 27Al MAS NMR for phosphate speciation studies in soil and aluminium hydroxides:Promises and constraints. Geoderma 80:369-388. Meyn, M., K. Beneke, and G. Lagaly. 1990. Anion-exchange reactions of layered double hydroxides. Inorg. Chem. 29:5201-5207. Miyata, S. 1983. Anion-exchange properties of hydrotacite-like compounds. Clay Clay Miner. 31:305-311. Morse, G.K., S.W. Brett, J.A. Guy, and J.N. Lester. 1998. Review: phosphorus removal and recovery technologies. Sci. Total Environ. 212:69-81. Mortlock, R.F., A.T. Bell, and C.J. Radke. 1993. 31P and 27AI NMR investigations of highly acidic, aqueous solutions containing aluminum and phosphorus. J. Phys. Chem. 97:767-774. Muljad, D., A.M. Posner, and J.P. Quirk. 1966a. The mechanism of phosphate adsorption by kaolinite, gibbsite, and pseudoboehmite. Part Ⅰ. The isotherms and the effect of pH on adsorption. J. Soil Sci. 17:212-228. Muljad, D., A.M. Posner, and J.P. Quirk. 1966b. The mechanism of phosphate adsorption by kaolinite, gibbsite, and pseudoboehmite. Part Ⅱ. The location of the adsorption sites. J. Soil Sci. 17:230-237. Parker, L.M., N.B. Milestone, and R.H. Newman. 1995. The use of hydrotalcite as an anion absorbent. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 34:1196-1202. Penetra, R.G., M.A.P. Reali, E. Foresti, and J.R. Campos. 1999. Post-treatment of effluents from anaerobic reactor treating domestic sewage by dissolved-air flotation. Water Sci. Technol. 40:137-143. Ragavan, A., A.I. Khan, and D. O''Hare. 2006. Isomer selective ion-exchange intercalation of nitrophenolates into the layered double hydroxide [LiAl2(OH)6]Cl•xH2O. J. Mater. Chem. 16:602-608. Rives, V., and M.A. Ulibarri. 1999. Layered double hydroxide (LDH) intercalated with metal coordination compounds and oxometales. Coord. Chem. Rev. 181:61-120. Ruan, H.D., and R. Gilkes. 2000. Phosphate accumulation in farm ponds and dams in southwestern Australia. J. Environ. Qual. 29:1875-1881. Sakadevan, K., and H.J. Bavor. 1998. Phosphate adsorption characteristics of soils, slags and zeolite to be used as substrates in constructed wetland systems. Water Res. 32:393-399. Seida, Y., and Y. Nakano. 2002. Removal of phosphate by layered double hydroxides containing iron. Water Res. 36:1306-1312. Sharpley, A.N., S.C. Chapra, R. Wedepohl, J.T. Sims, T.C. Daniel, and K.R. Reddy. 1994. Managing agricultural phosphorus for protection of surface waters: issues and options. J. Environ. Qual. 23:437-451. Skulberg, O.M., W.W. Carmichael, G.A. Codd, and R. Skulberg. 1993. Taxonomy of toxic cyanophyceae (cyanobacteria), p. 1-164, in I. R. Falconer, ed. Algal toxins in seafood and drinking water. Academic Press, New York. Smith, V.H. 1998. Cultural eutrophication of inland, estuarine, and coastal waters., p. 7-49, in M. L. Pace and P. M. Groffman, eds. Successes, limitations, and frontiers in ecosystem ecology. Springer Verlag, New York. Tanada, S., M. Kabayama, N. Kawasaki, T. Sakiyama, T. Nakamura, M. Araki, and T. Tamura. 2003. Removal of phosphate by aluminum oxide hydroxide. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 257:135-140. Tang, W.-P., O. Shima, A. Ookubo, and K. Ooi. 1997. A kinetic study of phosphate adsorption by boehmite. J. Pharm. Sci. 86:230-235. Tarasov, K.A., and D. O''Hare. 2003. Solid-state chelation of metal ions by ethylenediaminetetraacetate intercalated in a layered double hydroxide. Inorg. Chem. 42:1919-1927. Umezawa, Y., T. Miyajima, M. Yamamuro, H. Kayanne, and I. Koike. 2002. Fine-scale mapping of land-derived nitrogen in coral reefs by δ15N in macroalgae. Limnol. Oceanogr. 47:1405-1416. van Riemsdijk, W.H., F.A. Weststrate, and G.H. Bolt. 1975. Evidence for a new aluminum phosphate phase from reaction rate of phosphate with aluminum hydroxide. Nature 257:473-474. Veith, J.A., and G. Sposito. 1977. Reactions of aluminosilicates, aluminum hydrous oxides, and aluminum oxide with o-phosphate: The formation of X-ray amorphous analogs of variscite and montebrasite. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 41:870-876. Wang, S.L., and C.T. Johnston. 2000. Assignment of the structural OH stretching bands of gibbsite. Am. Mineral. 85:739–744. Wang, S.L., R.J. Hseu, R.R. Chang, P.N. Chiang, J.H. Chen, and Y.M. Tzou. 2006. Adsorption and thermal desorption of Cr(VI) on Li/Al layered double hydroxide. Colloids Surf. A 277:8-14. Yang, D.S., and M.K. Wang. 2003. Characterization and a fast method for synthesis of sub-micron lithiophorite. Clays and Clay Miner. 51:96-101. You, Y.W., G.F. Vance, and H.T. Zhao. 2001a. Selenium adsorption on Mg–Al and Zn–Al layered double hydroxides. Appl. Clay Sci. 20:13-25. You, Y.W., H.T. Zhao, and G.F. Vance. 2001b. Removal of arsenite from aqueous solutions by anionic clays. Environ. Technol. 22:1447-1457.
摘要: 
人類經濟與休閒活動,產生了許多含磷的廢水,這些廢水被排放至表面水體將造成藻類過量增生,並進一步導致水體的優養化。對於水體中的磷的移除,吸附法為最有效的方法之ㄧ。本研究使用的鋰/鋁-層狀雙氫氧化物(Li/Al Layered double hydroxide, Li/Al LDH)由於具有很高的比表面積與陰離子吸附容量(~4.5 mmol g-1),具有去除環境中磷的潛力。在本研究中將探討水體中的環境因子,包括pH、離子強度與水體中其他競爭陰離子,對Li/Al LDH吸附磷的影響,並結合X光繞射、傅立葉轉換紅外光譜與固態磷-31核磁共振等儀器的輔助,了解Li/Al LDH與磷溶液反應過後其結構所產生的變化,並探討主要的吸附機制。結果發現,在pH 4.5與pH 9.5的環境下,都是以離子交換為主要的反應機制,但是在pH 4.5的環境下還有表面錯合和沉澱反應的發生。在pH 4.5的環境下,競爭離子的親和力大小為SO42->Cl- >Br->NO3-,但是在pH 9.5的環境下,除了SO42-對磷吸附有顯著的抑制外,其於單價競爭陰離子的影響程度皆較小。

Phosphorus has been recognized as one of the main nutrients that cause eutrophication in surface water, so many technologies have been developed for phosphate removal from water. Adsorption is one of the major strategies for removing contaminants from water. In order to provide a cost-effective method for phosphate removal, it is essential to have a sorbent that can effectively immobilize phosphate. In this study, the sorption of orthophosphates was investigated for LiAl2(OH)6Cl•xH2O (Li/Al-LDH) which has high surface area and high anion exchange capacity (~4.5 mmol g-1). Sorption experiments were conducted at pH 4.5 and 9.5, at which the predominant species of phosphate are H2PO4- and HPO42-, respectively.In addition, the influence of pH, ion strength and competition ions on phosphate sorption was also investigated. The results showed that phosphates were sorbed by Li/Al LDH mainly through anion exchange at pH 4.5 and 9.5; under acidic condition (pH 4.5), the formations of surface complexes or surface precipitation of phosphate were also revealed by the results of 31P NMR. Competing anions strongly affected the adsorption behavior of phosphate with phosphate adsorption decreasing in the order: SO42->Cl- >Br->NO3- at pH 4.5. However, monovalent competing anions (Cl-、NO3- and Br-) had less influence on phosphate adsorption at pH 9.5.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28108
其他識別: U0005-2808200715465500
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

Show full item record
 

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.