Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
The study of the performance and emissions of diesel engine operating with butanol/diesel fuel blends, injection timing variation, exhaust gas recirculation and DPF.
|關鍵字:||丁醇柴油;butanol/diesel fuel blends;噴油正時;廢氣再循環;濾煙器;injection timing;EGR;DPF||出版社:||機械工程學系所||引用:||黃靖雄，「現代低公害省油汽車淨化裝置」，正工出版社(1995)。 Zannis TC, Hountalas DT, Kouremenos DA, “Experimental investigation to specify the effect of oxygenated addition content and type on DI diesel engine performance and emissions”, SAE Technical Paper 2004-01-0097. MohammadiA, Ishiyama T, Kakuta T, Kee SS, “Fuel injection strategy for clean diesel engine using ethanol blended diesel fuel”, SAE Technical Paper 2005-01-1725. Gerardo Valentino , Felice E. Corcione , Stefano E. Iannuzzi , Simone Serra , “Experimental study on performance and emissions of a high speed diesel engine fuelled with n-butanol diesel blends under premixed low temperature combustion”, Fuel 92 (2012) 295–307. Mingfa Yao, Hu Wang, Zunqing Zheng, Yan Yue, “Experimental study of n-butanol additive and multi-injection on HD diesel engine performance and emissions”, Fuel 89 (2010) 2191–2201.  D.C. Rakopoulos, C.D. Rakopoulos, D.T. Hountalas, E.C. Kakaras, E.G. Giakoumis, R.G. Papagiannakis, “Investigation of the performance and emissions of bus engine operating on butanol/diesel fuel blends”, Fuel 89 (2010) 2781–2790. Og˘uzhan Dog˘an , “The influence of n-butanol/diesel fuel blends utilization on a small diesel engine performance and emissions”, Fuel (2011). Y. Liu, W. L. Cheng, M. Huo, C. F. Lee and J. Li , “Effects of Micro-Explosion on Butanol-Biodiesel-Diesel Spray and Combustion”, ILASS-Americas 22nd Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, Cincinnati, OH, May 2010. Dr. Akos Bereczky, Tamas Laza, “Influence of higher alcohols on the emissions of diesel engine operated with rape seed oil”, European Combustion Meeting 2009. Scott A. Miers, Richard W. Carlson, Steven S. McConnell,Henry K. Ng and Thomas Wallner, “Drive Cycle Analysis of Butanol/Diesel Blendsin a Light-Duty Vehicle”, SAE Technical Paper 2008-01-2381.  Nwafor, “Effect of advanced injection timing on emission characteristics of diesel engine running on natural gas”, Renewable Energy 32 (2007) 2361–2368. Nwafor, G. Rice, A.I. Ogbonna, “Effect of advanced injection timing on the performance of rapeseed oil in diesel engines”, Renewable Energy 21 (2000) 433-444. Cenk Sayin, Murat Ilhan, Mustafa Canakci, Metin Gumus, “Effect of injection timing on the exhaust emissions of a diesel engine using diesel–methanol blends”, Renewable Energy 34 (2009) 1261–1269. M. Pandian, S.P. Sivapirakasam, M. Udayakumar, “Influence of Injection Timing on Performance and Emission Characteristics of Naturally Aspirated Twin Cylinder CIDI Engine Using Bio-diesel Blend as Fuel”, International Journal of Recent Trends in Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 5, May 2009. Cenk Sayin, Kadir Uslu, Mustafa Canakci, “Influence of injection timing on the exhaust emissions of a dual-fuel CI engine”, Renewable Energy 33 (2008) 1314–1323. M. Mani, G. Nagarajan, “Influence of injection timing on performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a DI diesel engine running on waste plastic oil”, Energy 34 (2009) 1617–1623.  Avinash Kumar Agarwal, Dhananjay Kumar Srivastava, Atul Dhar, Rakesh Kumar Maurya, Pravesh Chandra Shukla, Akhilendra Pratap Singh, “Effect of fuel injection timing and pressure on combustion,emissions and performance characteristics of a single cylinder diesel engine”, Fuel 2013. Ali Turkcan, Mustafa Canakci, “ Combustion Characteristics of an Indirect Injection (IDI) Diesel Engine Fueled with Ethanol/Diesel and Methanol/Diesel Blends at Different Injection Timings”, World Renewable Energy Congress 2011-Sweden. Mustafa Canakci, Cenk Sayin, “Effects of injection timing on the engine performance and exhaust emissions of a dual-fuel diesel engine”, Energy Conversion and Management 50 (2009) 203–213. O.A. Badr,G.H. Abd Alla, H.A. Soliman, M.F. Abd Rabbo, “Effect of injection timing on the performance of a dual-fuel engine”, Energy Conversion and Management 43 (2002) 269–277. Nidal H. Abu-Hamdeh, “Effect of cooling the recirculated exhaust gases on diesel engine emissions”, Energy Conversion and Management 44 (2003) 3113–3124. Guiyang Zhang , Xinqi Qiao , Xuelong Miao, Jianhai Hong , Jinbao Zheng , Zhen Huang , “Experimental study on the effect of coal to liquid on combustion and emission of heavy-duty diesel engine with exhaust gas recirculation”, Applied Thermal Engineering 42(2012) 64-70. Buomsik Shin, Youngsoo Cho, Daeha Han, Soonho Song , Kwang Min Chun , “Hydrogen effects on NOx emissions and brake thermal efficiency in a diesel engine under low-temperature and heavy-EGR conditions”, international journal of hydrogen energy 36(2011)6281-6291. M. Mani, G. Nagarajan, S. Sampath, “An experimental investigation on a DI diesel engine using waste plastic oil with exhaust gas recirculation”, Fuel 89 (2010) 1826–1832. S.K. Mahla, L.M. Das, M.K.G. Babu, “ Effect of EGR on Performance and Emission Characteristics of Natural Gas Fueled Diesel Engine”, Jordan Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. Deepak Agarwal, Shrawan Kumar Singh, Avinash Kumar Agarwal, “Effect of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) on performance, emissions, deposits and durability of a constant speed compression ignition engine”, Applied Energy 88 (2011) 2900–2907. Avinash kumar Agrawa, Shrawan Kumar Singh, Shailendra Sinha, Mritunjay Kumar Shukla, “Effect of EGR on the exhaust gas temperature and exhaust opacity in compression ignition engines”, Sadhana June 2004, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 275-284. Probir Kumar Bose, Dines Maji, “An experimental investigation on engine performance and emissions of a single cylinder diesel engine using hydrogen as inducted fuel and diesel as injected fuel with exhaust gas recirculation”, international journal of hydrogen energy 34(2009)4847–4854. Timothy Jacobs, Dennis Assanis, Zoran Filipi, “The Impact of Exhaust Gas Recirculation on Performance and Emissions of a Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine”, SAE Technical Paper 2003-01-1068. Xuan Feng, Ming Huo, Chia-Fon Lee, Haifeng Liu, “The Effects of EGR and Injection Timing on the Engine Combustion and Emission Performances Fueled by Butanol-Diesel Blends”, SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-2473. 黃景良, “加裝濾煙器對柴油車排放空氣污染物影響研究”, 朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系碩士學位論文, 2010年. 黃慶祥,朱建松,周瑞仁, “使用觸媒濾煙器對農用柴油引擎性能及污染物排放之影響”, 農業機械學刊, 第11卷第2期, 2002年6月. 林順華, 莊志偉, “我國柴油公車搭載觸媒濾煙器效能探討”, Combustion Quarterly Vol. 12 No. 2 May 2003. 陳勳融, “加裝濾煙器重型柴油引擎排放微粒物化特性”, 國立中興大學環境工程系碩士學位論文, 2011年.||摘要:||
本篇論文探討使用含水丁醇柴油、噴油正時及廢氣再循環對柴油引擎性能及排放汙染之引響。由於使用噴油正時及廢氣再循環可能會惡化黑煙排放，本研究搭配濾煙器使用，來評估黑煙減量效果。本實驗是操作引擎在穩態狀況下，再進行實驗量測。進行穩態實驗的測試點有四個，分別為Mode1(idle)、 Mode2(100%負載，1650rpm)、Mode7(25%負載，1650rpm)及 Mode11(25%負載，1950rpm)。
This study is to investigate the performance and emissions of diesel engine operating with butanol/diesel fuel blends, injection timing vatiation and exhaust gas recirculation. Using injection timing variation and exhaust gas recirculation may deteriorate the smoke emission, therefore the diesel particulate filter was used to assess the reduction in smoke. Engine experiments were conducted at steady stateat four conditions, including mode 1(idle), mode 2(100%load,1650rpm), mode 7(25%load,1650rpm), and mode 11(25%load,1950rpm).
The results reveal that the maximum torque decreased with the use of the butanol/diesel fuel blends,injection timing retarding, and exhaust gas recirculation. Use of butanol/diesel fuel blends slightly increased BSFC, but BSEC remained the same. Retarding injection timing and use of exhaust gas recirculation caused increase in BSFC and decrease in BTE. It is noted that butanol/diesel fuel blends may decrease the exhaust temperature significantly. However, adjust injection timing and use of exhaust gas recirculation almost have no effect to the exhaust temperature.
With the use of butanol/diesel fuel blends, NOX and exhaust opacity decrease with the increase in the percentage of butanol. However, retarding injection timing can lower NOX, but has no effect to opacity. Advancing injection timing can reduce opacity, but increases NOX emission. Using exhaust gas recirculation can diminish NOX effectively, but smoke emission gets worse. In summary, using advancing injection timing or exhaust gas recirculation, as well as the diesel particulate filter, can improve both the emission of NOx and opacity as much as 80% in smoke and 20%~70% in NOx.
|Appears in Collections:||機械工程學系所|
Show full item record
TAIR Related Article
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.