Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28259
標題: 評估有機廢棄物的特性對蚯蚓生長生殖及蚯蚓糞肥的影響
Studies on the growth and reproduction of earthworms and the qualities of vermicompost affected by the characteristics of organics wastes
作者: Yan, Wei-Yi
顏偉益
關鍵字: Organic waste;有機廢棄物;earthworm;vermicompost;growth;reproduction;蚯蚓;蚯蚓糞肥;生長;生殖
出版社: 土壤環境科學系所
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摘要: 
The production of organic wastes was increased with increasing industrial development and population, therefore, causes more environmental crisis. Thermocomposting has been adopted as a basic tool for waste reduction and waste recycle. Vermicomposting, is emerging as a most appropriate alternative to conventional aerobic composting, this process is not only rapid, easily controllable, cost effective, energy saving, and zero waste process, but also accomplishes most efficient recycling of organics and nutrients. However, the sound of this process is deeply affected by the characteristics of organic wastes and its effect on the growth and reproduction of earthworm. The objectives of this research were to studies the growth and reproduction of earthworms and the qualities of vermicompost affected by the characteristics of different organic wastes.
The earthworm (Eisenia fetida) was grown in mushroom medium waste and feed with different organic wastes twice, respectively. The survival, biomass, cocoon production, reproduction of the earthworm were determined over experimental period. Vermicomposts produced from each treatment were analyzed. Results showed that the survival, biomass and reproduction of earthworm were higher in the treatments feeding with pig manure, cow manure, food industrial sludge, and agricultural sludge than those of mushroom medium waste, soybean powder, winery sludge and diatomite treatments, and related to the Ca content of the organic wastes. It indicates that the quantity of bulking materials and food sources significantly influence the growth and reproduction of earthworm during vermicomposting process. Providing a suitable environment for earthworm growth will enhance the production of vermicompost. Based on the results of C/N, seed germination and ingredient analysis, vermicomposts obtained from all treatments were found to meet the standards of compost announced by the Agriculture Council of ROC.

隨著工業發展及人口大量增加,產生的有機廢棄物越來越多,進而造成環境品質的惡化衝擊。堆肥化是廢棄物減量和廢棄物資源再利用的最佳處理方式,而蚯蚓堆肥作用近年來被認為可取代傳統堆肥法,其不僅可有效地利用有機廢棄物之養分,並具有快速、易於操作、低成本及不會產生任何廢棄物之優點。唯該法深受有機廢棄物成分特性及其對蚯蚓生長和生殖的影響,本研究探討不同有機廢棄物之成分特性,及其對蚯蚓生長和生殖的影響,並評估其產出之蚯蚓糞肥的品質。
本研究將菇類養殖廢棄物為基料,分別餵食二次有機廢棄物,並定期測定Eisenia fetida生質量、存活隻數、卵囊數目及幼蚯蚓隻數。另於試驗十二週後測定蚯蚓糞肥的成分。試驗結果顯示,蚯蚓在餵食豬糞、牛糞、食品汙泥及農業汙泥處理中,生質量、存活隻數、卵囊數目及幼蚯蚓隻數皆相對高於菇類養殖廢棄物、黃豆渣、釀酒污泥及矽藻土之處理,此可能與豬糞、牛糞、食品污泥及農業污泥之鈣含量較高有關,藉由結果可知,蚯蚓堆肥化過程中,蚯蚓的生長生殖深受生長基質及食物之成分特性影響,添加適當之生長基質及適當的食物,能提供Eisenia fetida適當的生長環境,進而增加蚯蚓糞肥的產出。利用碳氮比及種子發芽率等指標及成分之檢測,證實供試之有機廢棄物藉由蚯蚓堆肥化作用確實能有效產出符合農委會公告之堆肥品目標準的蚯蚓糞肥。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28259
其他識別: U0005-1908201020552000
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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