Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28308
標題: 水田生態系碳通量動態變化之探討
Dynamic Changes of Carbon Flux in Paddy Rice Ecosystems
作者: 范鈞翔
Fan, Jyun-Siang
關鍵字: rice paddy;水稻;eddy covariance;carbon dioxide;methane;渦流相關法;二氧化碳;甲烷
出版社: 土壤環境科學系所
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摘要: 
Paddy rice is the crop of largest cultivating area in Taiwan. In this study, the dynamic changes of carbon fluxes in paddy rice ecosystems were studied using the CO2 flux data collected by eddy covariance method (EC) in a long-term ecological research conducted by Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) at SiKou farm from 2009 to 2011. In order to properly fill the data gaps after wind direction and data quality screening, performance of several gap-filling methods were first studied. Results indicated that the inverse Gaussian methods performed better than the moving window (MW) and Lonb-Scargle (LS) methods. Based on the gap-filled continuous data, estimated net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide (NEE) ranged from -241 to -358 gC m-2 for the 1st cropping season, and was -104 gC m-2 for the 2nd cropping season. Further analysis indicated that, the average gross primary production (GPP), ecosystem respiration (RE), plant respiration, soil respiration, and methane emission were 877, 569, 184, 271, 198 gC m-2 and 899, 551, 97, 454, 216 gC m-2 for the rice-rice and rice-peanuts field, respectively, during the period of first crop season. The values were 733, 630, 151, 479, 115 gC m-2 and 614, 559, 154, 405 gC m-2 for the rice-rice and rice-peanuts field, respectively, during the second crop season. Part of the fluxes differences may be attributed to the differences in weather conditions between the 1st and the 2nd crop season, which in turn affected the rate of SOM decomposition and the activity of methane bacteria. The higher temperature during the growth period of the 2nd cropping season increased the activity of microorganism and the rate of decomposition as compared with those of the 1st cropping season. Therefore, the ecosystem respiration and methane emission were higher in the 2nd crop season. Incorporating all residues, except rice grains, in the research field produced much higher methane emission than traditional practices. Because the greenhouse warming potential of methane was 21 times that of carbon dioxide, the total residue incorporating schemes practiced in this long-term ecological study site was considered inappropriate from the aspect of reducing greenhouse gases emission.

Keywords: Rice Paddy, Eddy Covariance, Carbon Dioxide, Methane.

水稻是台灣地區栽種面積最廣的作物,本研究利用農業試驗所嘉義分所溪口農場長期生態研究田區於2009 ~ 2011年間以渦流相關法(Eddy Covariance Method, EC法)測定之CO2通量資料,探討水田生態系中碳通量的動態變化。經風向和資料品質門檻篩選後,各處理經常呈現資料中斷的現象,因此首先探討資料補遺的方法,結果指出利用反高斯方程式較移動平均(Moving Window, MW)、Lonb-Scargle (LS)等方法有較好的補遺效果。利用補遺後之CO2通量資料可估算出每一期作之淨生態交換量(NEE),其中一期作之NEE約為 -241.46 ~ -358.48 gC m-2;二期作之NEE約為 -103.50 gC m-2。再進一步分析,可進行每期作總光合固定量(GPP)、生態呼吸量(RE)、植物呼吸量、土壤呼吸量和CH4釋放量的推估,以上各項目99年連作田一期作分別為877、569、184、271和198 gC m-2,二期作分別為733、630、151、479和115 gC m-2;輪作田一期作分別為899、551、97、454和216 gC m-2,二期作花生分別為614、559、154和405 gC m-2。造成兩期作之差異主要為氣候條件不同,二期作生長期溫度高,有機物分解速率較快,生態系之呼吸釋出量及甲烷釋出量較高。此外,此長期試驗樣區除水稻榖粒會被移除外,所有殘株(水稻和花生)皆殘留於田間,因此RE、土壤呼吸量和CH4釋放量皆高於正常管理之田區。由於CH4的溫室暖化效應是CO2的21倍,因此若從減少溫室氣體排放的角度而言,目前不收穫花生並全數埋入土壤的栽培管理方式並不適當。

關鍵字:水稻、渦流相關法、二氧化碳、甲烷
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28308
其他識別: U0005-1701201215560800
Appears in Collections:土壤環境科學系

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