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Factors Affecting the Migration of Agricultural Household Members in Northern Thailand
|關鍵字:||Agricultural Household Members;農業家庭成員;Analysis of Proportion Data;Migration;Net Cash Farm Income;Northern Thailand.;比例數據分析;遷移;農場淨收入;泰國北部.||出版社:||應用經濟學系所||引用:||Adams JR, H. R., and Page, J. (2003). Do international migration and remittance reduce poverty in developing countries? World Development Vol. 33, No.10, pp. 1645-1669. Amemiya, T. (1985). Advanced econometrics. 1st edition. New York; Harvard University Press. Balakrishnan, N. (1991). Handbook of the logistic distribution. 1st edition. New York;MC Graw -Hill. Beauchemin, C., and Schoumaker. B. (2005). Migration of cities in Burkina Faso: Does the level of development in sending areas matter? World Development Vol. 33, No. 7, pp. 1129-1152. Brauw, A. D. and Harigaya. T. (2007). Seasonal migration and improving living standards in Vietnam. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 89, No. 2, pp. 430-447. Chamarat, T. (2008). 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Land ownership as a determinant of international and internal migration in Mexico and internal migration in Thailand. International Migration Review, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 141-172.||摘要:||
Agricultural household members in northern Thailand possess large areas of farm large that would seem to encourage them to settle permanently into a life of farming. However, these people have been migrating from rural areas into the urban, Bangkok metropolis and its surrounding provinces for a long time leading to increase economic risk. Migration is driven by inequality of income distribution between rural and urban areas and also the unbalanced economic growth between the country side and urban areas. The Thai government has attempted to respond to alleviate migration problems but has so far been unsuccessful.
This research aims to (i) determine the characteristics of agriculturists in northern Thailand, (ii) study the amount and type of out-migration, and (iii) analyse the factors affecting the migration of Thai agricultural household members in northern Thailand. Panel data is collected by using the secondary data from both Office of Agricultural Economics and National Statistical Office in Thailand. The research areas are the northern region of Thailand covering 17 provinces. Analysis of Proportion Data is employed for analyzing the data of crop years 1995/96 to 2008/09.
The results find that there are seven factors; net cash farm income, agricultural farm areas, irrigated farm areas, agricultural labor, education level of farmers, time trend, and upper northern area that can explain the migration ratio with under levels of differing significance. Most factors are consistent with presumption except for agricultural farm area factor. Only one factor, number of agricultural population, cannot explain the migration ratio because it faces the statistic problem of an insignificant result. Furthermore, the dummy variable is set into migration model for comparison migration number between the upper northern area and the lower northern area. It showed that the upper northern area has a higher migration rate than the lower area because of the former's unsuitable farm area, land utility problem, and insufficient water supply causing the farmers to migrate to urban areas in search of good job opportunities.
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