Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28571
標題: 修剪對鳳梨釋迦(Annona squamosa×Annona cherimoya)新梢生長及開花之影響
Effects of pruning on shoot growth and flowering in atemoya (Annona squamosaAnnona cherimoya) plants
作者: 周靖凱
Chou, Ging-kei
關鍵字: atemoya;鳳梨釋迦;pruning;carbohydrate;nitrogen;修剪;碳水化合物;氮素
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 
為探討不同時間修剪及不同程度修剪對鳳梨釋迦新梢生長及開花之影響,本研究以8年生之植株分別於2月~4月不同時間修剪及在3月進行不同程度修剪,並以2年生之盆栽植株進行不同時間修剪。
修剪後發現其萌芽率皆可達100%,2月修剪者的萌芽所需日數為33日,3月及4月修剪者則只需7日及8日。而新梢則以3月修剪者為最長。各處理莖與葉之碳水化合物含量於開第一朵花至開最終朵花皆呈現增加之趨勢,而花之碳水化合物含量則並無差異。全氮之含量,莖與葉亦呈現增加而花則無明顯變化。從修剪至始花之時間,2月修剪者為68日,3月修剪者為47日,4月修剪者為34日。2月及3月修剪者平均開8朵花,而4月修剪者開6.5朵花,花朵大小在各處理間則無顯著差異。
不同程度修剪之萌芽率,留2節修剪者至50%萌芽需時7日, 4節修剪者需8日,6節修剪者需18日,而8節修剪者則需34日。不同程度修剪後新梢平均長及枝徑皆以2節修剪者最大,8節修剪者最小。 每一結果母枝之新梢總長則以8節修剪者最長,2節修剪者最短。各處理之碳水化合物含量與全氮含量皆以6節與8節修剪者高於2節與4節修剪者。由修剪至始花之時間,留2節修剪者為47日,每一結果枝平均開8朵花,4節修剪者為45日,平均可開4花,6節修剪者為40日,平均僅開2朵花,8節修剪者為43日,平均只開1.75朵花。結果母枝超過2節修剪後,開花數隨著留節數增加而減少,但花朵大小則無顯著差異。
以盆栽植株進行不同時間修剪試驗結果顯示,2月修剪者修剪至新梢13葉期之時間最長,而4月修剪者最短。各處理之碳水化合物相對乾物量除新梢是持續增加外,其他部位皆是先減少再逐步回升。其中澱粉之相對乾物量逐漸滅少,全糖之相對乾物量逐漸增加。10葉期為植株碳水化合物相對乾物量之轉換點,10葉期後碳水化合物含量逐漸增加。各處理於13葉期以2月修剪者所增加之碳水化合物相對乾物量最大,3月修剪者最小。而全氮之乾物量則於種植後逐漸增加,其中尤甚在10葉期以後增加較明顯, 4月修剪者顯著高於2月修剪者。
由本研究之試驗結果可知,3月為修剪的適當時間,而修剪程度則以留2節~4節為宜,其萌芽、新梢生長及開花兼顧樹體營養之利用較佳。

This study was to explore the effect of pruning time and pruning strength on new shoot growth and flowering in atemoya plants. The eight-year-old trees were used for different pruning time and pruning strength, and two-year-old potted plants were used for the experiment of different pruning time.
Percentage of budbreak was found 100% in the experiment of different pruning time. The time from pruning to budbreak in February pruning was 33 days, and that for March and April pruning were only 7 and 8 days, respectively. The length of the new shoot in March pruning tree was the highest. The content of carbohydrates in stem and leaves increased from the first flowering stage to the last flowering stage, while that had no difference in flowers. The content of nitrogen in stem and leaves increased, while that of flowers had no obvious change. The time form pruning to the first flowering stage was 68 days for February pruning tree, 47 days for March, and 34 days for April pruning. The average number of flowers of February and March pruning trees were 8 flowers, and that in April pruning was 6.5flowers. The size of flowers was shown no difference among different time pruning trees.
The budbreak percentage was difference among the pruning strength, budbreak percentage of 2-nodes pruning to 50% required 7 days, that of 4-nodes pruning required 8 days, and required 18 days for 6-nodes, 34 days for 8-nodes pruning trees. The average length and diameter of new shoots of 2-nodes pruning was the longest, while that of 8-nodes pruning appeared the shortest. The content of carbohydrates and nitrogen of new shoot in 6-nodes and 8-nodes pruning were higher than that of 2-nodes and 4-nodes pruning trees. The time from pruning to the first flowering stage was 47 days for 2-nodes pruning with 8 flowers on per spur, 45 days for 4-nodes pruning with 4 flowers, 40 days for 6-nodes pruning with 2 flowers, and 43 days for 8-nodes pruning trees with1.75flowers. The result was found that the number of flowers of per spur decreased in more nodes pruning trees, but the size of flowers had no obvious difference.
Different time pruning in potted plants showed that the time of the new shoots reached 13-leaf stage was the longest in February pruning, and that was the shortest for April pruning plants. Relative dry weight of carbohydrates only increased continually in new shoot until the 13-leaf stage, while in the other part of old shoot and roots were deceased before the 10-leaf stage and then increased. The relative dry weight of total nitrogen increased after the 10-leaf stage, the increase of April pruning was higher than February pruning plants.
The result of this research was found that pruning in March with 2~4 nodes is the best method for atemoya, it not only appeared good budbreak, new shoot growth and flowering, but also had good utilization of nutrition.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28571
其他識別: U0005-0502200710391500
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

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