Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28612
標題: 單節扦插苗品質及定植期對一年作玫瑰花偃枝栽培產量之影響
The Quality of One-Node Cutting and Planting Date on the Production of Rose Cut Flowers under One Year Cycle with Bending Shoots System
作者: 張揚義
Chang, Yang-I
關鍵字: rose;玫瑰花;one-node cutting;container size;planting date;plantlet age;BA;GA;drip irrigation;overhead irrigation;單節扦插苗;容器大小;定植期;苗齡;甲苯胺;徒長素;滴灌;澆灌
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 
在遮雨棚下進行玫瑰花扦插苗育苗。插穗扦插於2寸或3寸盆,結果顯示植於3寸盆之3月齡苗,其根、莖鮮乾重上顯著高於植於2寸盆者。扦插經3個月後,苗的總葉面積最大;但逹4個月齡苗時,因落葉其葉面積急遽下降。
育苗期每週噴佈GA 50ppm或BA 50ppm加GA 50ppm混合液,明顯提高3及4個月齡苗之莖鮮乾重、枝長、節間長、地上/地下部比值及側芽的萌發。另以滴灌育苗,2、3及4個月苗齡其總葉面積明顯比灑水育苗者高。
於七月份以2個月齡苗株定植,其單株總切花產量明顯比以1月齡苗定植者高。在八月份以3月齡苗定植者,在十二月及隔年二月的生產上有切花可供採收。而以1月齡苗定植者則在此段採收期間無切花可採收。七月份以2月齡2寸盆苗定植,其十二月份單株切花產量較同齡之3寸盆苗高。在九月份以1及4個月齡苗定植者,無法在十二月及隔年二月有切花之生產。
生產成本因定植期的延後而下降。損益以七月份以2月齡2寸盆苗定植者為最高。

Rose cuttings were raised under a tent to keep from rain. Cutting of 3-month-old grown in 3” pot had heavier fresh or dry weight of roots or shoots than there grown in a 2” pot had. Leaf area of a 3-month-old plantlet was higher than that of a four- month-old plantlet, because the later dropped leaves.
During nursery, spraying GA 50 ppm or BA 50 ppm plus GA 50 ppm once a week enhanced the fresh or dry weight of shoot, and the length of internode or shoot, the ratio of shoot/root, and the sprouting of lateral shoot. In addition, plantlets by drip irrigation had more leaf area than that by overhead irrigation.
The productivity of 2-month-old rose plantlets planted in July was higher than that of 1-month-old plantlets. Plants of 3-month-old planted in August produced cut flowers in December and February, but plants of 1-month-old did not. As well as did the 1 or 4-month-old plants planted in September. Moreover, 2-month-old plants grown in a 2” pot planted in July had higher productivity than that grown in a 3”pot had.
The invest decreased when the planting date delayed. Rose plants of 2-month-old grown in a 2” pot, planted in July earned the highest profits.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28612
其他識別: U0005-1007200616541400
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