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The Quality of One-Node Cutting and Planting Date on the Production of Rose Cut Flowers under One Year Cycle with Bending Shoots System
|關鍵字:||rose;玫瑰花;one-node cutting;container size;planting date;plantlet age;BA;GA;drip irrigation;overhead irrigation;單節扦插苗;容器大小;定植期;苗齡;甲苯胺;徒長素;滴灌;澆灌||出版社:||園藝學系所||引用:||朱建鏞、吳婉苓. 1995. 偃枝整枝與栽培密度對玫瑰花切花產量和品質之影響. 中國園藝 41: 297-308. 朱建鏞. 1996a. 玫瑰花栽培技術. 興大農業 18: 1-7. 朱建鏞. 1996b. 玫瑰花切花生產之設施栽培. 興大農業 19: 6-7. 朱建鏞、李進雄. 2002. 玫瑰花扦插苗繁殖月份對一年作栽培切花生產之影響. 中國園藝 48: 339-346. 李傑妮、朱建鏞. 1997. 偃枝枝數及其更新週期對玫瑰花切花生產之影響. 興大園藝 22: 87-99. 林佳慧、朱建鏞. 1996. 穴盤苗苗齡對花壇植物生育的影響. 興大園藝 21: 117-131. 許玉妹. 1989. 改進玫瑰冬季切花產量之研究. 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育苗期每週噴佈GA 50ppm或BA 50ppm加GA 50ppm混合液，明顯提高3及4個月齡苗之莖鮮乾重、枝長、節間長、地上/地下部比值及側芽的萌發。另以滴灌育苗，2、3及4個月苗齡其總葉面積明顯比灑水育苗者高。
Rose cuttings were raised under a tent to keep from rain. Cutting of 3-month-old grown in 3” pot had heavier fresh or dry weight of roots or shoots than there grown in a 2” pot had. Leaf area of a 3-month-old plantlet was higher than that of a four- month-old plantlet, because the later dropped leaves.
During nursery, spraying GA 50 ppm or BA 50 ppm plus GA 50 ppm once a week enhanced the fresh or dry weight of shoot, and the length of internode or shoot, the ratio of shoot/root, and the sprouting of lateral shoot. In addition, plantlets by drip irrigation had more leaf area than that by overhead irrigation.
The productivity of 2-month-old rose plantlets planted in July was higher than that of 1-month-old plantlets. Plants of 3-month-old planted in August produced cut flowers in December and February, but plants of 1-month-old did not. As well as did the 1 or 4-month-old plants planted in September. Moreover, 2-month-old plants grown in a 2” pot planted in July had higher productivity than that grown in a 3”pot had.
The invest decreased when the planting date delayed. Rose plants of 2-month-old grown in a 2” pot, planted in July earned the highest profits.
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