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Effect of Calcium Concentration, Phosphate and Cultural Media on Growth and Flowering of Paphiopedilum
|關鍵字:||Paphiopedilum, Cultural medium;仙履蘭;Calcium;Phosphorus;Growth;Flowering;栽培介質;鈣肥;磷肥;生長;開花||出版社:||園藝學系所||引用:||Agnew, J. M. and J. J. Leonard. 2003. The physical properties of compost. Compost Science and Utilization 11: 238-264. Asiah A., R. I. Mohd, K. Y. Mohd, M. Marziah and M. Shaharuddin. 2004. Physical and Chemical Properties of Coconut Coir Dust and Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch and the Growth of Hybrid Heat Tolerant Cauliflower Plant. Pertanika J. Trap. Agric. Sci. 27: 121-133. Ausmus, B. S. 1977. Regulation of wood decomposition rates by arthropod and annelid populations. Ecol. Bull. (Stockholm) 25: 180-192. Banks, D. P. 2005. Flora's Orchids. Timber Press, Oregon. Banziger, H. 1996. The mesmerizing wart: the pollination strategy of epiphytic lady slipper orchid Paphiopedilum villosum (Lindl.) Stein (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 121: 59-90. Batchelor, S. R. 1981. Ochid culture-9-growing medium. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 50: 1318-1324. Beardsell, D. V., D. G. Nichols and D. 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本實驗使用仙履蘭品種 Paphiopedilum In-charm Lily (White Knight x lawrenceanum)作為材料，探討不同的鈣肥濃度、磷肥濃度以及不同栽培介質處理對於植株生長與開花之影響。
不同的介質處理，分別為1）樹皮、木炭及碎石混合 (BCP)，2）樹皮 (B)，3）科技土 (GS) 以及4）樹皮混合水苔 (BS)，與不同鈣肥濃度處理：分別為 0、100、300、及500 ppm，實驗結果顯示不論介質種類，鈣肥濃度對植株之生長沒有影響。在植株營養生長階段施用鈣肥濃度為100及300 ppm時，植株外觀較其它鈣肥濃度處理組佳。然而，植株處理不同濃度之鈣肥，以300 ppm有較多的花朵數產生為33.33%，其次為100 ppm、500 ppm及對照組，依序為 25％、22.22%及19.44%。植株栽種於樹皮介質中，不論鈣肥濃度多寡，顯示有最差的生長，且最後皆生殖生長及無開花現象。然而植株栽種於介質為樹皮混合水苔以及科技土處理，產生較多的花朵數為 41.67%，其次為樹皮、木炭及碎石混合處理 (16.67%)。
Paphio. In-charm Lily 的植株以不同磷肥濃度處理，分別為0、160、240 以及320 ppm 。在0、160及320 ppm處理有較高的葉幅、葉寬、葉鮮重以及葉乾重。在240 ppm會有較低的葉幅、葉寬、葉鮮重以及葉乾重。然而在濃度160、240以及320 ppm處理下，植株超過50％以上有毒害情形發生，推測可能是因為磷肥濃度太高。然而在無添加磷肥之處理下，植株沒有缺磷肥的現象發生。
Potted plants of Paphiopedilum In-charm Lily (White Knight x lawrenceanum) derived from tissue culture was used in this study to study the effect of calcium, phosphate and culture substrate on growth and flowering.
Plants were grown in four different cultural media, including 1) the mixture of pine bark, charcoal, and pumice rock (BCP), 2) pine bark (B), 3) granulate sponge (GS) and 4) the mixture of pine bark and sphagnum moss (BS). And plants were fertilized with four different calcium concentrations as 0, 100, 300 and 500 ppm. The results showed that regardless cultural medium, calcium concentration has no affect on growth of plants but plants treated with 100 and 300 ppm Ca, seem to be a good performance than other Ca concentration on vegetative stage. However, plants treated with 300 ppm Ca produced higher number of flower at 33.33% followed by 100 ppm, 500 ppm and 0 ppm Ca as 25, 22.22 and 19.44%, respectively. Regardless calcium concentration, plants were grown in pine bark, showed the lowest quality on vegetative stage, finally they did not produce any flower in the flowering stage. Whereas, plants were grown in BS and GS produced equal flowers, which is the most number of flowers at 41.67%, followed by BCP as 16.67%.
Plants fertilized with four different phosphorus concentrations as 0, 160, 240 and 320 ppm. Plants treated with 0, 160 and 320 ppm phosphorus had the highly leaf span, leaf width, leaf fresh and dry weight. Plants treated with 240 ppm phosphorus, produced the lowest leaf span, leaf width, leaf fresh and dry weight. However plants treated with 160, 240 and 320 ppm phosphorus showed that plants more than 50% had a toxic growth due to excessing of phosphorus concentration. Whereas plants were treated without phosphorus concentration, they did not show phosphorus deficiency symptom.
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