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標題: 我國車用空氣囊檢測基準建立之研究
Studies on the Establishment of Vehicle Safety Testing Directions for Airbag
作者: 盧明賢
Lu, Ming-Hsien
關鍵字: 空氣囊;Airbag;車輛安全檢測基準;Vehicle safety testing directions
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: [1] Lin T.C., Wawa C., Khalil T.B.,“Evaluation of the Hybrid ⅢDummy Interactions with Air Bag in Frontal Crash by Finite Element Simulation”SAE Paper No.952705, 1995. [2] Dima, S. M., Rudd, R. W., Kress , Tyler, A., Porta, David, J., “Pneumatic airbag deployment system for experimental testing” SAE paper, 1997. [3] Moss S. and Huang Y., “Development of an Advanced Finite Element Model Database of the Hybrid Crash Test Dummy Family”, SAE paper No. 971042, 1997. [4] Xu, L., “Repeatability evaluation of the pre-prototype NHTSA advanced dummy compared to the Hybrid III” , SAE Paper No. 2000-01-0165, 2000. [5] Duma, S. M., Crandall, J.R., Rudd, R. W., Kent, R. W., “Small female head and neck interaction with a deploying side airbag”, Accident Analysis and Prevention 35 p811-816, 2002. [6] Cheng, Z., Rizer, A. L., “Modeling and Simulation of OOP Occupant-Airbag Interaction” SAE, Paper, 2003. [7] Marklund, P. O., Nilsson, L., “Optimization of airbag inflation parameters for the minimizeation of out of position occupant injury” Computational Mechanics 31 p496-504, 2003. [8] 吳建昌,車禍肇事中人體受正面撞擊之損傷分析,碩士論文,大葉大學機械工程研究所,2003。 [9] 蔡智雄,正撞氣囊數值模型之建立與分析,碩士論文,大葉大學機械工程研究所,2006。 [10] 藍海濤,基於 MADYMO軟件的氣囊起爆過程模擬,2007 MADYMO大中華地區用戶大會,2007。 [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] 鄭雅鴻,汽車用安全氣囊布料之專利及材料分析,碩士論文, 輔仁大學織品服裝學系,2005。 [18] 王新厚,安全氣囊織物的透氣和力學性能,紡織學報,第26卷,第6期,2005。 [19] 經濟部標準檢驗局,中華民國國家標準「CNS14873-1道路車輛-氣囊組件-第1部:詞彙」,2004。 [20] 經濟部標準檢驗局,中華民國國家標準「CNS14873-2道路車輛-氣囊組件-第2部:氣囊模組」,2004。 [21] 經濟部標準檢驗局,中華民國國家標準「CNS14873-3道路車輛-氣囊組件-第3部:充氣器」,2004。 [22] U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards, Standard No. 208;Occupant crash protection., 2012. [23] United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Regulation No. 114–Airbag module for a replacement airbag system., 2003. [24] United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Regulation No. 94–Protection of occupants against frontal collision., 2007. [25] United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Regulation No. 95–Protection of occupants against lateral collision., 2011. [26] 財團法人車輛研究測試中心,車輛研測資訊,第62期,2008。 [27] 曾鵬廷、盧明賢等,車輛型式安全審驗作業指引手冊,財團法人車輛安全審驗中心,2012。 [28] [29] [30] M. Shojaati., Mohan D., “Correlation between injury risk and impact severity index ASI”, STRC, 2003. [31] Stalnaker R. L., Mohan D., “Human Chest Impact Protection Criteria,” Proc. 3rd International Conference on Occupant Protection, p384-393, 1974. [32] Gadd, C., “Use of a Weighted-Impulse Criterion for Estimating Injury Hazard, ” SAE Technical Paper No.660793, 1966. [33] Milan S. L., Hegel R. W., “A Mathematical Model of the ChryslerHyge Impact Simulation”, SAE Paper No.710167, 1971. [34] 鄧作樑、戴紹峰、許哲綱,正撞氣囊之台車衝擊試驗模擬分析,科學與工程技術期刊,第七卷,第一期,第39-46頁,2011。 [35] 詹英敏、李易昌、黃興閎、林漢祥,空氣囊與駕駛員距離之安全性分析,中華民國第十六屆車輛工程學術研討會, 2011。 [36] 張仕嶽,應用電腦分析的模型與類神經網路設計低衝力空氣囊的質流率,碩士論文,中正大學機械研究所,1998。 [37] 鄭嘉華,應用電腦分析的模型與類神經網路設計乘客座低衝力空氣囊的質流率,碩士論文,中正大學機械研究所,2000。 [38] 蕭志賢,兩段式氣囊質流率分析模型的建立,碩士論文,中正大學機械研究所,2006。 [39] 簡禾陽,智慧型氣囊系統優化分析,碩士論文,中正大學機械研究所,2007。 [40] 陳奕安、梁靜佩、吳建勳、謝建良、曾智益,車輛空氣囊防護組件模擬分析,中華民國力學學會第三十屆全國力學會議,2006。 [41] 張志豪,安全氣囊靜態展開測試系統之研究設計,碩士論文,彰化師範大學,2007。 [42] ISO 12097-2:1996 Road vehicle–Airbag components–Part 2:Testing of airbag modules. [43] ISO 12097-3:2002 Road vehicles–Airbag components–Part 3:Testing of inflator assemblies. [44] 財團法人車輛研究測試中心,車輛研測資訊,第77期,2010。
本研究針對空氣囊系統檢測的方法與程序建議如下:首先針對空氣囊系統之空氣囊模組及充氣器進行試驗,參考國際標準ISO 12097-2:1996 及 ISO 12097-3:2002,其模擬空氣囊系統在整個壽命週期中經歷的環境狀況,並採取比現實環境更嚴格的測試標準來進行規範。
其次,參考美國聯邦機動車輛安全標準 FMVSS 208 規定,採用實車碰撞測試進行驗證,針對不同車種及不同乘員進行各種撞擊的安全測試並加以分級,並訂定乘員身體各部位損傷的基本規範,評估車輛安全防護性能的優劣。

It is remarkable results for airbag system to vehicle occupant auxiliary protection. In order to enhance protective function, many vehicles have equipped airbag as standard or with variance type. Because our vehicle safety inspection regulation hare not set the related specifications and the tests for airbag system are not sufficient. If we can set the vehicle airbag testing specifications will enhance the driver and passenger’s safety, reduce the loss of life and property, and promote the development of domestic vehicle industries.
In this study, discussion and analysis of research methods and basic theory for the air bag system has been used, understanding of the air bag system made in the field experiences and achievements, with reference to domestic and international air bag system specification and then put forward our feasible specification. Finally, setting the testing specification for the reference in the future when our regulation adopt the airbag system inspection.
It is proposed in this paper about the inspection and examination of the airbag system as the following. At first, starting from the test to the airbag modules and inflators of airbag system. Reference to international standards ISO 12097-2:1996 and ISO 12097-3:2002, simulated to the environmental condition of the entire life cycle for the airbag system and more strictive testing condition to regulate compare with reality.
Secondly, reference to the U.S. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard FMVSS 208 regulations, vehicle crash testing to verify the impact of different types of vehicles and crew safety tests and grading, set the basic norms of the crew of the body parts of the damage, evaluate the pros and cons of the vehicle safety performance.
Finally, when the annual implementation of conformity of quality certification, set a certain amount of sampling and testing to ensure the conformity of quality of follow-up products, or reference to the New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) for the listed vehicles. It can rate the safety of vehicle by quantity of the different test.
Regulations implemented that does not mean the laws and regulations process has ended, there are the related matters should be followed-up, the change of living environment. It will achieve the target of enhance the safety of vehicle that set the vehicle safety regulation if we can adequate modified the laws to response the vehicle technological advances and the change of live environment.
其他識別: U0005-2908201223453000
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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