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Effects of Phosphorus, Calcium and Ethylene inhibitors on Cut Flower Quality of Phalaenopsis
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本研究 “磷鈣及乙烯抑制劑對蝴蝶蘭切花品質之影響”分別進行: 1)磷肥蝴蝶蘭，Phalaenopsis amabilis生長以 及花品質之影響，2)鈣來源和濃度對Phalaenopsis Taisuco ‘K59203’生長及花品質之影響，以及3)乙烯抑制劑對蝴蝶蘭雜交品種（Phalaenopsis Asian Elegance x Phalaenopsis TaisucoSheen）切花品質之影響。
鈣磷肥對於生長的影響有調查分別為葉長、葉幅、植物重量、花梗的長度、葉綠素、蘋果酸含量、全可溶性糖以及以電子顯微鏡觀察蘭根内的鈣晶體而分析為吸水量、失重量、呼吸率以及乙烯形成率。乙烯抑制劑對切花的影響是用切花特性、鮮重、吸水率、全可溶性糖、澱粉含量、呼吸率、產生乙烯、離子滲漏率以及電子顯微鏡的調查來判斷。最適合的磷肥濃度N-P2O5-K2O是15-25-15 而效果最好的鈣來源是硝酸鈣 (Ca(NO3)2) 其濃度為4mM。在三种乙烯抑制劑(STS, AOA和1-MCP)之間，儲藏在攝氏15度的時候經1-MCP處理的結果最好。
The research work on the “Effects of Phosphorus, Calcium, and Ethylene Inhibitors on Cut Flower Quality of Phalaenopsis,” was conducted to determine the following: 1) effect of phosphate on plant growth and flower quality of the Phalaenopsis orchid, Phalaenopsis amabilis var. formosa Shimadzu, 2) effect of calcium source and concentration on plant growth and flower quality of Phalaenopsis Taisuco ‘K59203', and 3) Effects of ethylene inhibitors on the cut flower quality of Phalaenopsis Taisuco Light ‘H90-130'.
Results showed the suitable phosphorus concentration as N-P2O5-K2O solution was 15-25-15, while the calcium source and concentrations were calcium nitrate at 4 mM, concentrations. This also suggested that Ca (NO3)2 4 mM was more effective for plant growth and vase life flower quality of Phaleanopsis ‘Taisuco 59203' orchid as shown by the very high chlorophyll a, b and the total chlorophyll content, leave number, leaves length, plant fresh weight and vase life gave the highest values. Among the three ethylene inhibitors (STS, AOA, and 1-MCP) tested, 1-MCP proved to be the best at 15 oC storage condition. That result showed higher value of total soluble sugar, starch and vase life at the same time, showed lowest of fresh weight loss, water absorption, respiration and ethylene production.
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