Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 因應氣候變遷的水資源管理策略之研究
The Study on the Water Resources Management Strategies Adapting to Climate Change
作者: 邱泰穎
關鍵字: climate change;氣候變遷;water resources;demand management;水資源;需求面管理
出版社: 應用經濟學研究所
為了因應未來水資源的供需變動,使用水更有效率,需求面的管理就顯得格外重要。在未來數十年,需求面管理將是處理因氣候變遷改變水資源供需的理想方法。Parry and Carter 曾於1986年的一篇文章中指出,河川流量機率分配的平均數與變異性對水資源規劃者而言,是相當有用的資訊。因此,本文嘗試以降雨變異係數與溫度變異係數,取代傳統之平均降雨量與平均溫度作為影響水資源供需的氣候因素。

There is broad agreement that greenhouse warming will have several major impacts on water resources. Warmer temperatures will accelerate the hydrological cycle, changing precipitation, the magnitude and timing of runoff and the intensity and frequency of both floods and droughts. This is likely to affect water planning and evaluation include changes in precipitation and runoff patterns, sea level rise, land use and population shifts shall follow on from these effects and bring about changes in water demand and supply.
Demand management is critical for achieving more efficient water use and in responding to any change however, in future supplies and demands. Demand management measures are more than adequate to deal with plausible climate-induced changes in water supplies and demands over the next several decades. Parry and Carter(1986)shows the mean of a probability distribution of streamflows and the variability ought to be very useful to the water planner. This research tried to replace these two traditional climate factors with climatic variability indicators.
Climate change and water management scenario models developed in this thesis are used to estimate the influence of climate change on the economic welfare of water demands and supplies, and will attempt to quantify the impacts of climate change scenarios on water resources for southern Taiwan. Conclusions include both the precipitation variability as well as the temperature variability indicators as two better indicators of water demands and supply than the average precipitation and temperature: which have often been used as the principal climatic factors.
The several options for water management adaptation present in this thesis are as follows:
-, Establish a comprehensive compensating system for agricultural water transference.
-, Strengthen infrastructure design in adapting to climate change.
-, Identify ways to sustainably manage supplies, including the integration of ground and surface water management.
-, Evaluating water demand adapting to climate change.
-, Rational pricing decisions.
-, The establishment of emergency water banks.
Appears in Collections:應用經濟學系

Show full item record

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.