Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28838
標題: 台灣原生石竹之開花習性及其種間雜交
The Flowering Phenology and Interspecies Hybridization of Native Dianthus spp. in Taiwan.
作者: 彭寶儀
Peng, Bao-Yi
關鍵字: Dianthus;石竹;Flowering phenology;Pollen germination;Pollination;開花習性;花粉活力;授粉
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 
本論文調查台灣原生石竹如巴陵石竹、玉山石竹、清水山石竹、瞿麥以及長萼瞿麥在台中縣霧峰中興大學園藝試驗場內之生長開花習性,並將上述台灣原生石竹進行種間雜交或分別與美國石竹雜交,期能選出適於台灣栽培之雜交石竹。
台灣原生石竹中的玉山石竹於8-9月開花、清水山石竹花期從10月下旬到翌年4月上旬,而巴陵石竹、瞿麥以及長萼瞿麥則可周年開花。巴陵石竹與清水山石竹的每朵小花可開10天、瞿麥和長萼瞿麥的小花可開7天。
美國石竹、巴陵石竹或瞿麥花粉培養在Brewbaker and Kwack(1963)培養基之適當蔗糖濃度分別為150g/l、200g/l或150g/l;適合美國石竹、巴陵石竹或瞿麥花粉發芽的溫度分別為15℃、20℃或20℃。巴陵石竹和瞿麥使用自然授粉、除雄後人工自交、套紙袋或套網不同授粉方式處理,以人工自交所得種子較多,除雄後套袋或套網不會結種子。
各種間雜交組合中,以巴陵石竹與美國石竹的雜交組合其單朵花開放日數最長、植株直立性佳且子代均有香味。從上述雜交組合族群中再選出花序聚集的單株,有以巴陵石竹為母本時之P008、P011、P124及以美國石竹為母本時之A033、A2059、A2060、A2061。另外,美國石竹經過兩代自交,花色仍未完全分離,但可選出不會簇生化的單株。
使用逆滲透水或荷蘭Pokon&Chrysal公司生產之香石竹專用之AVB、一般切花用之RVB保鮮預措液對石竹‘A2060’ 、多花香石竹‘Natila’或大花香石竹‘Dona’切花進行預措處理。經AVB和RVB預措處理之‘A2060’較經水預措處理者多1.7天切花壽命。經上述任何一種預措液處理之石竹‘A2060’切花瓶插壽命均較同處理香石竹切花多3天以上壽命。整體評估後共選出優良營養系有P011、P124、A033和A2059。

Summary

Among native Dianthus spp. in Taiwan, D. pygmaeus blossomed from August to September as well as D. seisuimontanus blossomed from October to April next year at Wu-Fong, Taichung country. Moreover, D. palinensis, D. superbus and D. superbus var. longicaycinus blossomed year-round. The floret life of D. palinensis or D. seisuimontanus was for 10 days, as well as that of D. superbus or D. superbus var. longicaycinus was for 7 days.
The optimum sucrose concentration in medium for pollen germination of D. barbatus, D. palinensis or D. superbus was 15%, 15% or 20%, respectively. Moreover, the optimum temperature for pollen germination of D. barbatus, D. palinensis or D. superbus was 15℃, 20℃ or 20℃, respectively. The seed production of D. palinensis and D. superbus by controlled selfing was higher, following by open pollination, covered paper bag or net after emasculation didn’t produce seed.
The plants of 2nd generation of inbred lines, were not completely separated yet, but the rosette plants reduced. Among interspecies hybridization there were better offsprings with erect from and scent flower from D. palinensis x D. barbatus .In addition to the volume of inflorescence, P008、P011 and P124 were selected from D. palinensis x D. barbatus. As well as A033、A2059、A2060 and A2061 were selected from D. barbatus x D. palinensis.
Dianthus ‘A2060’, spray carnation ‘Natila’ and stand carnation ‘Dona’ cut flowers, were pulsed in water, AVB or RVB, then the vase life of cut flowers pulsed AVB or RVB solution had 1.7 days more than that pulsed in water. Furthermore, the vase life of Dianthus ‘A2060’had 3 days longer than that of carnations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/28838
其他識別: U0005-1604200717105800
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

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