Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
標題: 豆薯塊根採後處理與貯藏技術之研究
Postharvest Handling and Storage Technology of Jicama (Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban) Tuberous Root
作者: 郭碧珊
Guo, Bi-Shan
關鍵字: 豆薯塊根;jicama tuberous root (Pachyrhizus erosus (L.)Urban);寒害;腐爛;褐化;溫湯處理;chilling injury;decay;browning;hot- water treatment
出版社: 園藝學系所
引用: 王健一、王自存。1988。大氣成分對園產品生理與生化之影響。中國園藝 34: 200-248。 朱德明。1993。植物與環境逆境。國立編譯館編訂。pp. 87-145。 何俊剛、洪登村。1993。荔枝果實採收後色澤變化及其保鮮技術。興大園藝 18: 9-16。 邱健人。1995。食品生物化學。台南復文書局。pp. 80-95。 邱繹瑾。1996。溫度調適與低氧處理對絲瓜果實耐寒力之影響。國立台灣大學園藝研究所碩士論文 pp. 24-79。 洪登村、彭昌祜。1983。荔枝果實收穫後保鮮效果之研究。中國園藝 29: 215-222。 洪明德。2003。絲瓜果實生長發育及貯藏溫度之研究。國立中興大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。70pp。 高景輝。1994。植物荷爾蒙生理。華香園。台北。pp. 114-150。 陳如茵、錢明賽。1993。台灣蔬菜的儲存。食品工業發展研究所編印。 pp. 5。 行政院農業委員會。台灣農業年報。2005。 錢明賽。1993a。根菜及莖菜採後處理與貯藏技術(一)。食品工業25(9): 18-22。 錢明賽。1993b。根菜及莖菜採後處理與貯藏技術(二)。食品工業25(10): 14-21。 蔡青園、王蕙巧、柯立祥。1998。不同溫度及包裝貯藏對玉荷包荔枝貯藏壽命及果實品質之影響。中華農學會報 1:266-279。 Abeles, F. B. 1973. Ethylene in Plant Biology. Academic Press, New York. pp. 41-46. Abe, K. 1990. Ultrastructural changes during chilling stress. pp. 71-84. In: C. Y. Wang(eds.). Chilling injury of horticultural crops. CRC Press. Aquino-Bolanos, E. N., M. I. Cantwell, G. Peiser, and E. Mercado-Silva. 2000. changes in the quality of fresh - cut jicama in relation to storage temperatures and controlled atmospheres. J. Food Sci. 65(7): 1238-1243. Aquino-Bolanos , E. N., and E. Mercado-Silva. 2004. Effects of polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activity, phenolicsand lignin content on the browning of cut jicama. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 33: 275–283. Barkai-Golan, R., and D. J. Phillips. 1991. Postharvest heat treatment of fresh fruits and vegetable for decay control. Plant Dis. 75: 1085-1089. Bergsma, K. A., and J. K. Brecht. 1992. Postharvest respiration, Moisture loss, sensory analysis and composttional changes in jicama(Pachyrhizus erosus) roots. Acta Hort. 318: 325-332. Buescher, R. W., Sistrunk, W. A. and Kasaian, A. E. 1976. Induction of textural changes in sweet potato roots by chilling. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 101: 516-519. Cabrera, R. M., and M. E. Saltveit, Jr. 1990. Physiological response to chilling temperatures of intermittently warmed cucumber fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 115: 256-261. Cantwell, M., W. Orozco, and V. Rubatzky. 1992. Postharvest handling and storage of jicama roots. Acta Hort. 318: 333-343. Cantwell, M. I., G. Peiser, and E. Mercado-Silva. 2002. Induction of chilling injury in jicama(Pachyrhizus erosus) root : changes in texture , color and phenolics. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 25: 311-320. Chen, N. M., and R. E. Paull. 1986. Development and prevention of chilling injury in papaya fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 111: 639-643. Cheng ,G. W., and P. J. Breen. 1991. Activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and concentrations of anthocyanins and phenolics in developing strawberry fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 116: 865-869. Cohen, E. 1988. Commercial use of long term storage of lemon with intermittent warming. HortScience 23: 400. Dixon, R. A. 2001. Natural products and plant disease resistance. Nature 411: 843-847. Eaks, I. L. 1980. Effect of chilling on respiration and volatiles of California lemon fruit. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 105: 865-869. Forney, C. F., and W. J. Lipton. 1990. Influence of controlled atmospheres and packaging on chilling sensitivity. pp. 257-267 in : C. Y. Wang, (ed). Chilling injury horticultural crops. CRC Press. Fallik, E. 2004. Prestorage hot water treatments (immersion, rinsing and brushing). Postharvest Biol. Technol. 32: 125-134. Grisebach, H. 1981. Lignins. P:475-478. In: E. E. Conn.(eds.). The Biochemistry of plants. vol.7. Academic press. New York, London Toronto Sydeny San Fransisco. Isenberg, F. M. R. 1979. Controlled atmosphere storage of vegetable. Hort. Rev. 1: 337-394. Jiang, Y., X. Duan, D. Joyce, Z. Zhang, and J. Li. 2004. Advances in understanding of enzymatic browning in harvested litchi fruit. Food Chem. 88: 443-446. Johnson, L.B. and B.A. Cunningham. 1972. Peroxidase activity in healthy and leaf-rust-infected wheat leaves. Phytochemistry. 1: 547-551. Kader, A. A. and C. B. Watkins. 2000. Modified atmosphere packing-toward 2000 and beyond. HortTechnology 10: 483-486. Keith, R.W., D.L. Tourneau, and D. Mahlum. 1958. Quantitative paper- chromatographlic determination of phenols. J. Chromatography 1: 534-536. Ke, D. and M. E. Saltveit, Jr. 1988. Plant hormone interaction and phenolic metabolism in the regulation of russet spotting in iceberg lettuce. Plant Physiol. 88: 1136-1140. Klein, J. D. and S. Lurie. 1992. Heat treatment for improved and postharvest qualityof horticultural crops. HortTechnology 2: 316-320. Lay-Yee, M., S. Ball, S. K. Forbes, and A. B. Woolf. 1997. Hot-water treatment for insect disinfestations and reduction of chilling injury of ‘Fuyu’ persimmon. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 10: 81-87. Lurie, S. 1998. Postharvest heat treatments. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 14: 256-269. Lay-Yee, M., G. K. Clare, R. J. Petry, R. A. Fullerton, A, Gunson. 1998. Quality and disease incidence of ‘Waimanalo Solo’ papaya following forced-air heat treatment. HortScience 33: 878-880. Lee, C.Y. and N.L. Smith. 1979. Blanching effect on polyphenol oxidase activity in table beets. J. Food Sci. 44: 82-83. Loaiza-Velarde, J. G., M. E. Mangrich, R. Campos-Vargas, and M. E. Saltveit. 2003. Heat shock reduces browning of fresh-cut celery petioles. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 27: 305-311. Lurie, S., R. Ronen, and S. Meier. 1994. Determining chilling injury induction in green peppers using nondestructive pulse amplitude modulated (PAM) fluorometry. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 119: 59-62. Lurie, S. 1998. Postharvest heat treatments. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 14: 256-269. Lyons, J. M. 1973. Chilling injury in plant. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. 24: 455-466. Mateos, M., D. Ke, M. Cantwell, and A. A. Kader. 1993. Phenolic metabolism and ethanolic fermentation of intact and cut lettuce exposed to CO2-enriched atmospheres. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 3: 225-233. Mayer, A. E. 1987. Polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase in plant-recent progress. Phytochemistry 26: 11-20. McDonald, R. E., T. G. McCollum, and E. A. Baldwin. 1996. Prestorage heat treatments influence free sterols and flavor volatiles of tomato stored at chilling treatment. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 121: 531-536. Mercado-Silva, E. and M. Cantwell. 1998a. Quality changes in jicama roots stored at chilling and nonchilling temperatures. J. Food Qual. 21: 211-221. Mercado-Silva, E. and M. Cantwell. 1998b. Variation in chilling susceptibility of jicama roots. Acta Hort. 467: 357-362. Mercado-Silva, E., R. Garcia , A. Heredia-Zepeda, and M. Cantwell. 1998c. Development of chilling injury in five jicama cultivars. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 13: 37-43. Morris, L. L. 1982. Chilling injury of horticultural crops: an overview. HortScience. 17: 161-162. Murata, N. 1983. Molecular species composition of phosphatidylglycerols from chilling-sensitive and chilling-resistant plant. Plant Cell Physiol. 24: 81-86. Paull, R. E. and N. J. Chen. 1988. Compositional changes in the yam bean during storage. HortScience 23(1): 194-196. Peng, Y. H. and W. Cheng. 2001. Effect of postharvest handling on fruit quality, mass loss and respiration rate of litchi. Acta Hort. 558: 359-365. Picha, D. H. 1987. Chilling injury, respiration, and sugars changes in sweet potatoes stored at low temperature. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 112(3): 497-502. Rhee, J. K. and M. Iwata. 1982. Histological observations on the chilling injury of taro tubers during cold storage. J. Japan Soc. Sci. 51(3): 362-368. Sabehat, A., S. Lurie, and D. Weiss.1998. Expression of small heat-shoch proteins at low temperatures. Plant Physiol. 117: 651-658. Saltveit, M. E. Jr. 1991. Prior temperature exposure affects subsequent chilling sensitivity. Physiol. Plant. 82: 529-536. Saltveit, M. E. 2000. Wound induced changes in phenolic metabolism and tissue browning are altered by heat shock. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 21: 61-69. Serrano, M., M. C. Martinez-Madrid., M. T. Pretel., F. Riqelme., and F. Romojaro. 1997. Modified atmosphere packaging minimizes increasea in putrescine and abscisic acid levels caused by chilling ingury in pepper fruits. J. Agric Food Chem. 45: 1668-1672. Uderhill, S. J. R., and C. Critchley. 1993. Physiological, biochemical and anatomical changes in lychee ( Litchi chinensis Sonn. ) pericarp during storage. J. Hort. Sci. 68: 327-335. Wang, C. Y. 1982. Physiological and biochemical responses of plants to chilling stress. HortScience 17: 173-186. Wang, C. Y. 1993. Approaches to reduce chilling ingury of fruits and vegetables. Hort. Rev. 15: 62-95. Wang, C. Y. and D. O. Adams. 1980. Ethylene production by chilled cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Plant Physiol. 66: 841-843. Wang, C. Y. and D. O. Adams. 1982. Chilling-induced ethylene production in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Plant Physiol. 69: 424-427. Wang, C. Y. and L.Qi. 1997. Modified atmosphere packaging alleviates chilling injury in cucumbers. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 10: 195-200. Whitaker, B. D. 1994. A reassessment of heat treatment as a means of reducing chilling injury in tomato fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 4: 75-83. Woolf, A. B., S. Ball, K. J. Spooner, M. Lay-Yee, I. B. Ferguson, C. B. Watkins, A. Gunson, and S. K. Forbes. 1997. Reduction of chilling injury in the sweet persimmon ‘Fuyu’ during storage by dry air heat treatments. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 11: 155-164. Yang, S. F. 1985. Biosynthesis and action of ethylene. HortScience 20: 41-45. Yang, S. F. and N. E. Hoffman. 1984. Ethylene biosynthesis and its regulation in higher plants. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 35: 155-189. Zong, R. J., L. Morris, and M. Cantwell. 1995. Postharvest physiology and quality of bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.). Postharvest Biol. Technol. 6: 65-72.

The objectives of this experiment were to investigate the postharvest handling technique, to find suitable temperature for storage, and to map the symptom of chilling injury as well as physiological changes of the jicama tuberous root under low-temperature condition. Jicama is a tropical crop, and thus is prone to low-temperature injury. Decay and browning being the principal visual symptom, cause the loss of commercial values. Results indicated that the jicama tuberous root stored at a temperature lower than 9℃ would show sign of chilling injury. When the chilled jicama root was moved to a higher temperature, its respiration and ethylene production rates would increase in proportion to the severity of the damage brought about by the cold.

The jicama tuberous root stored at 6℃ or below for 2 weeks, or stored at 9℃ for 3 weeks resulted in chill-induced decay and at 9℃ or below for a week led to severe browning. No obviously chilling injury was observed when it was stored at 12℃ or above for 1-4 weeks. However, a decrease in chroma and increase in lightness (L) values of root color were noticeable; the respiration and ethylene production rates remained relatively low. The critical storage temperature has found to be 9℃ for 2 weeks. After storing at 9℃ for 2 weeks, browning appeared on the tuberous roots before returning to the room temperature, and browning was deepened over time after storage. Furthermore, after storing at 1℃ for 1 week, browning was observed only after 48 hours under the room-temperature condition. Storing at 1℃ for 1 week then moved to 15℃, 20℃, 25℃, 30℃ and 35℃, the symptom of chilling injury was most significant while the root was placed above 20℃.

Utilizing techniques of temperature regulation, PE packaging and hot-water treatment, it appeared that wrapping with PE bag at low temperature had limited effect on browning but reduced the severity of decaying. Temperature conditioning seemed to be ineffective either. Intermittent warmming regulation ameliorated the symptom of the chilling injury. Hot-water treatment at 50℃ before storing reduced the development of the chilling- injury symptom on the jicama tuberous root.
其他識別: U0005-1608200712173300
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

Show full item record

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.