Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2899
標題: 用於鋼液二次精煉之蒸汽噴射式真空泵的理論分析與實驗探討
Theoretical Analysis and Experimental Investigation on the Steam Jet Type Vacuum Pump used in the Secondary Refinery Process of Liquid Steel
作者: 洪敬焜
Hong, Ching-Kun
關鍵字: 蒸汽噴射壓縮器;Steam jet ejector;馬赫數;真空精煉爐;Mach number;Vacuum pump system
出版社: 機械工程學系所
引用: 參考文獻 [1] Keenan, J.H., and Neumann, E.P., ”A Simple Air Ejector , ”ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol.64,1942,pp.A75-78. [2] Keenan, J.H., Neumann, E.P., and Lustwerk, F., “An Investigation of Ejector Design by Analysis and Experiment, ” ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics, Sept.1950,pp.299-309. [3] Elord,H.G.,”The Theory of Ejector”ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics,Sept.1950,pp.299-309. [4] Kroll,A.E.,”The Design of Jet Pumps,”Chemical Engineering, Vol.1,No.2,1947,pp.21-24. [5] Holton, W.C.,”Effect of Molecular weight of Entrained Fluid on the Performance of Steam-jet Ejectors,”Trans.ASME, Oct.1951, pp.905-910. [6] Stoecker,W.F.,”Refrigeration and Air - Conditioning ,” McGraw-Hill,1958. [7] Defrate, L.A.,and Hoerl,A.E.,”Optimum Design of Ejector Using Digtial Computer,”Chem.Eng.Progr.Symp.,Ser.55,No.21, 1959,pp.43-51. [8] Munday, J.T., and Bagster, D.F., “A New Ejector Theory Applied to Steam Jet Refrigeration, ”Ind.Eng.Chem., Prosess Des.Dev., Vol.16 NO.4, 1977, pp442-449. [9] Huang,B.J.,Jiang,C.B.,and Hu,F.L.,”Ejector Performance Characteristics and Design Analysis of Jet Refrigeration System,”Trans.ASME,Vol.107,July,1985,pp.792-802. [10] Matsuo, K.,Mochzuki, H.,and Kobayashi, A.”On the Double-Vacuum Phenomenon of a Supersonic Air Ejector,” Bulletin of JSME,Vol.29,No.251,May,1986,pp.1434-1439. [11] Korres, C.J., Bardakas, E.E., and Koumoutsos,N.G.,” Performance Analysis of a Solar Vapour Thermal Compression Chiller,”International Journal of Energy Reserch, Vol.13,1989,pp.243-252 [12] Sokolov,M.,and Hershgal, D.,”Enhanced Ejector refrigeration Cycles Powered by Low Grade Heat.Part 1.System Characterization,”International Journal of Refrgeration, Vol.13,Nov,1990,pp.351-356. [13] Sokolov,M.,and Hershgal, D.,”Enhanced Ejector refrigeration Cycles Powered by Low Grade Heat.Part 2.Design Procedure,”International Journal of Refrgeration, Vol.13,Nov,1990,pp.357-363. [14] Sokolov,M.,and Hershgal, D.,”Enhanced Ejector refrigeration Cycles Powered by Low Grade Heat.Part 3.Experiment Results,” International Journal of Refrgeration, Vol.13,Nov,1991,pp.24-31. [15] 林瑞東,”噴射式冷氣系統之噴射壓縮器流場與性能分析,”台大機械研究所報告,1992。 [16] 朱偉傑,”雷射全像干涉術對噴射器流場之應用,”台大碩士論文,1993。 [17] Eames, I.W.,Aphornratana, S., and Haider, H., ”A Theoretical and Experimental Study ofa Small-Scale Steam Jet Refrigerator,”Int J.Refrig.Vol18,No.6,1995,pp.378- 386. [18] 李兆平,”噴射壓縮器應用在蒸汽噴射式冷氣系統之實驗與理論分析,”台大碩士論文,1996。 [19] 楊宗儒,”具辦狀噴嘴之噴射壓縮器的實驗研究,”台大碩士論文,1997。 [20] Aphornratana, S., and Eames, I.W.,”A small capacitysteam -ejector refrigerator:experimental investigation of a system using ejector with movable primary nozzle,”Int J. Refring., Vol.20,No.5,1997,pp.352-358. [21] 陳坤銘, “具第二喉部之噴射壓縮器性能增強研究,” 台大機械研究所碩士論文,1997. [22] 張淵仁, “新型噴射壓縮器設計與性能提昇研究,” 台大機械研究所碩士論文,1998. [23] N. Deberne, J.F. Leone, A. Duque, A. Lallemand.,” A Model for Calculation of Steam Injector Performance ,” International Journal of Multiphase Flow 25,1999, pp.841-855. [24] Hisham El- Dessouky , Hisham Ettouney, Imad Alatiqi, Ghada Al-Nuwaibit.,” Evaluation of Steam Jet Ejectors, ” Chemical Engineering and Processing 41,2002,pp. 551–561. [25] Hisham El- Dessouky , Hisham Ettouney, Imad Alatiqi, Ghada Al-Nuwaibit.,” Evaluation of Steam Jet Ejectors, ” Chemical Engineering and Processing 41,2002,pp. 551–561. [26] C.J.Korres,A.T.Papaioannou, V. Lygerou, N.G. Koumoutsos,. ” Solar cooling by thermal compression The dependence of the jet thermal compressor efficiency on the compression ratio,” Energy 27, 2002, pp.795–805. [27] Kanjanapon Chunnanond., Satha Aphornratana.,”An experimental investigation of a steam ejector refrigerator: the analysis of the pressure profile along the ejector,” Elsevier Ltd, 2003. [28] Jiangang Ji, Ruzhu Wang, Lixin Li., and Hai Ni, ” Simulation and Analysis of a Single-Effect Thermal Vapor-Compression Desalination System at Variable Operation Conditions, ” Chem. Eng. Technol. 2007, 30, No. 12, 1633–1641. [29] Genick Bar–Meir, Ph. D., ” Fundamentals of Compressible Fluid Mechanics,” 1107 16th Ave S. E. Minneapolis, MN 55414-2411. [30] S. Daneshmand, C. Aghanajafi, and A. Bahrami,” Analytical and Experimental Methods of Design for Supersonic Two-Stage Ejectors, ” World Academy of Science, Engineering andTechnology 50 2009.
摘要: 
鋼鐵為工業之母,且為一能源消耗密集的工業。尤其對煉鋼廠而言,真空精煉爐的能源消耗約佔1/3以上,因此加強對真空精煉爐之能源節約與減少爐內的能源消耗已成為各煉鋼廠日後重要課題。

本論文將蒸汽噴射式真空泵系統之核心-蒸汽噴射壓縮器,做實驗與理論之性能分析,重點放在流動參數 與幾何參數值 值(蒸汽噴射壓縮器副流體抽吸區面積與主噴嘴喉部面積之比值)之探討。當冷凝器壓力降至某一壓力時,則會造成副流體在蒸汽噴射壓縮器中形成阻塞 ( choking ) 現象,產生最大之抽吸比。而蒸汽噴射壓縮器主要分為主噴嘴、漸縮部、混合腔體、喉部、漸擴部等部位。其蒸汽噴射壓縮器的工作原理為高壓蒸汽動力介質的膨脹功來產生真空。當高壓蒸汽高速噴射通過主噴嘴內;產生極低的吸入壓力狀態,噴射所夾帶吸入介質並將其周圍的液體、氣體加速。通過動能的轉換,此混合物的壓力在到達噴射器的喉部和擴散器時提升至較高蒸汽壓力。

在理論分析上,採用一維可壓縮流體理論,此一模式能簡單的預測蒸汽噴射壓縮器之性能,可提供了一個簡單且精確的流體力學方程式的設計方法。據以取得分析關係,分析在4組不同大小的噴射組件的壓力及馬赫數狀態。最後一維可壓縮流方程式和實驗結果進行了比較。進而推論結果及合理的根據。

Steel Industry is the mother of heavy industry and It is also an energy-consuming intensive industry. A vacuum refining furnace consumes more than one third of a whole steelworks'' energy. Therefore, "How to save the energy of a vacuum refining furnace?" and "How to reduce energy consumption in a furnace?" have become important issues for all steelworks. In this article, we analyze and research by fluid dynamics equations and the experimental data measuring from a steam ejector. The steam ejector include a primary nozzle,a converging part,a mixing chamber,a throat,a diffuser and other parts. The principle of the steam jet ejector is to use the expansion work of the high-pressure steam to produce vacuum. When high pressure steam passes through a nozzle at high speed, the nozzle creates a very low pressure zone that draws in and accelerates the liquid and the gas. When the mixed fluids reach the throat and diffuser, there is higher pressure by converting velocity energy into pressure energy. Therefore, this study provides a simple and accurate theory of fluid mechanics equation. With this theory, we can analyze and define all parts of a steam jet ejector. We give each part a part number and analyze the pressure, Mach number, the amount of the air sucked in. We do it with four different groups of steam ejector parts that come in different sizes. At last, we compare the fluid mechanics equations with experimental results, then we infer the results.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/2899
其他識別: U0005-2108201206534700
Appears in Collections:機械工程學系所

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