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dc.description.abstract本試驗研究的重點在於探討鳳梨釋迦果實之貯藏特性,並尋求合適的採後保鮮技術、催熟條件及檢疫方法,達到延長果實貯藏壽命並開拓海外市場之目的。鳳梨釋迦果實採收後呼吸率之程度會隨著產季而逐漸地降低,其乙烯釋放率間則無差異,並於更年峰後出現最大值,均呈現出典型的更年型呼吸型式。授粉後100天、110天及120天採收之果實,在20℃下皆能達到軟熟的程度及相似的品質,所需的天數分別為5天、4天及4天,施用益收並無法加速其果實之後熟作用。鳳梨釋迦果實適當後熟溫度約介於15℃~30℃間,其中又以20℃~25℃有著最佳的軟熟速率。果皮圓片之呼吸率及乙烯釋放率與果肉間有所差異,其更年峰與乙烯高峰也較早出現。三種成熟度果實於6℃下貯藏7天且回溫3天後,以授粉後120天及100天之果實有著較佳的完熟率,不過由硬度顯示花後110天之果實也可正常軟化。在6℃下貯藏12天後於20℃下回溫3天,為台東鳳梨釋迦果實最佳的貯藏條件,過低溫或延長貯藏時間,則易發生後熟不正常、腐爛或水浸狀之現象。三種單層打孔的PE袋包裝,其袋內氣體成分為(6.8~10.1%O2 + 1.0~1.2%CO2)於室溫下鳳梨釋迦果實可正常後熟。鳳梨釋迦果實於氣調貯藏以3~5%O2有著最佳的外觀品質,而0.9%低O2下或6~7%O2 + 0~20%CO2下果實無法正常後熟軟化。使用1-MCP、溫湯處理、果蠟、甲殼素、甲基茉莉酸、酒精、TBZ、偏重亞硫酸氫鈉、冰醋酸等處理皆對鳳梨釋迦果實之貯藏壽命及品質沒有顯著的效果;而PE袋(0.01mm)包裝能夠減低果實貯藏後之失重率及裂果。蒸熱殺蟲處理果心溫度達46.5℃維持20或30分鐘,可有效殺死東方果實蠅,再經室溫回溫1天且於12℃下貯藏6天可維持果實品質,做為外銷檢疫處理及貯藏流程之參考。zh_TW
dc.description.tableofcontents目錄 摘要 i SUMMARY ii 目錄 iii 表目次 v 圖目次 xii 壹、 前言 1 貳、 前人研究 3 一、鳳梨釋迦之呼吸行為 3 二、鳳梨釋迦之乙烯釋放率 4 三、鳳梨釋迦果實之後熟 4 四、影響鳳梨釋迦果實後熟之因子 5 五、延長鳳梨釋迦貯藏壽命之方式 6 六、防治果實採後病害之方法 10 七、蒸熱殺蟲處理對鳳梨釋迦果實品質之影響 13 八、鳳梨釋迦採後的裂果問題 13 參、 材料與方法 15 一、不同產期果實採後呼吸率及乙烯釋放率之調查 15 二、不同溫度下催熟對果實後熟品質之影響 15 三、鳳梨釋迦果皮及果肉圓片呼吸率與乙烯釋放率之變化 17 四、貯藏溫度及時間對鳳梨釋迦果實貯藏壽命及後熟品質之影響 18 五、不同採收成熟度對鳳梨釋迦果實後熟品質之影響 19 六、1-MCP、貯藏溫度及時間對鳳梨釋迦果實貯藏壽命及後熟品質之 影響 21 七、不同氣變包裝對鳳梨釋迦果實後熟品質之影響 22 八、氧氣濃度對鳳梨釋迦果實後熟品質之影響 23 九、二氧化碳濃度對鳳梨釋迦果實後熟品質之影響 24 十、不同採後處理對鳳梨釋迦果實貯藏品質之影響 25 十一、蒸熱殺蟲處理對鳳梨釋迦果實品質之影響 27 十二、採收月份對鳳梨釋迦果實裂果之影響 28 肆、 結果 30 一、不同產期鳳梨果實採後呼吸率及乙烯釋放率之變化 30 二、不同溫度下催熟對鳳梨釋迦果實後熟品質之影響 32 三、鳳梨釋迦果皮及果肉圓片呼吸率與乙烯釋放率之變化 49 四、貯藏溫度及時間對鳳梨釋迦果實貯藏壽命及後熟品質之影響 51 五、不同採收成熟度對鳳梨釋迦果實後熟品質之影響 72 六、1-MCP、貯藏溫度及時間對鳳梨釋迦果實貯藏壽命及後熟品質之 影響 84 七、氣變包裝對鳳梨釋迦果實後熟品質之影響 101 八、氧氣濃度對鳳梨釋迦果實後熟品質之影響 108 九、二氧化碳濃度對鳳梨釋迦果實後熟品質之影響 116 十、不同採後處理對鳳梨釋迦果實貯藏品質之影響 125 十一、蒸熱殺蟲處理對鳳梨釋迦果實品質之影響 155 十二、採收月份對鳳梨釋迦果實裂果之影響 165 伍、 討論 171 一、不同產期鳳梨釋迦果實採後呼吸率及乙烯釋放率之變化 171 二、鳳梨釋迦果實之後熟 172 三、延長鳳梨釋迦果實貯藏壽命之條件 174 四、不同採後處理對鳳梨釋迦果實貯藏品質之影響 180 五、蒸熱殺蟲處理對鳳梨釋迦果實品質之影響 182 六、鳳梨釋迦果實之裂果 183 七、結論 184 參考文獻 186zh_TW
dc.subjectstorage temperatureen_US
dc.subjectmodified atmosphere packagingen_US
dc.titleImprovement of Storage Technology for Atemoya (Annona cherimoya Mill. A. squamosa L.) Fruitsen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
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