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標題: 電照週期對文心蘭''Gower Ramsey''花序發育及品質之影響
Effect of light period on inflorescence development and quality of Oncidium ''Gower Ramsey''
作者: 林于倫
Lin, Yu-Lun
關鍵字: light period;電照週期;Oncidium;quality;文心蘭;品質
出版社: 園藝學系所
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本試驗以目前台灣文心蘭主要切花品種Oncidium ‘Gower Ramsey’為試驗材料,探討電照週期對文心蘭花序發育及品質之影響,以期調節文心蘭在非盛產期開花及提高花序之品質。
本試驗分為兩部分,一部分選用Oncidium ‘Gower Ramsey ’完成出鞘期之植株進行不同電照週期處理,在花莖分叉剛長出時,移至自然日長光照下繼續生長;另ㄧ部分則選用Oncidium ‘Gower Ramsey ’約在出鞘期之植株進行不同電照週期處理,在抽出花莖長約10~15公分時,移至自然日長光照下繼續生長。
文心蘭Oncidium ‘Gower Ramsey’為相對性長日植物,因此以延長電照及暗期中斷處理的方式能達到長日的效果。在花序發育及品質方面,以15小時電照週期處理與暗期中斷處理,暗期中斷為白天9小時加晚上11點至翌日凌晨1點時點燈,其切花品質較佳;切花瓶插壽命則是以15小時電照週期處理為最長;而抽梗率則以24小時電照週期處理為最佳,經電照處理後植株開花所需時間,也是以24小時電照週期處理組為最短。

The effects of light period on inflorescence development and quality. The objectives were the regulation of flowering off-season and promotion of inflorescence quality.
The experiments separated into two parts. First of all, the unsheathing stage of Oncidium ''Gower Ramsey'' plants were treated different light period until flower stalk branch emerge, then move to nature light environment. The other part experiment treated the initial unsheathing stage of Oncidium ''Gower Ramsey'' plants under different light period until flower stalk length was 10~15 cm, then move to nature light.
Oncidium is non-obligate long day plants, thus extension of light period and night break could result in long day. Cut flower quality of Oncidium on 15 hrs light period and night break which meaned lighting 9 hrs at day time and 2 hrs at night
time was better. Oncidium cut flower on 15 hrs light period had longer vase life. However, flower stalk emergence rate of Oncidium on 24 hrs light period behaved better. After treatment of 24 hrs light period, the time to flower stalk emergence of Oncidium also required the less time.
Oncidium on 15 hrs light period and night break treatments exhibited heavier fresh and dry weights, lower total soluble sugar content in pseudobulb because nutrient translocated for inflorescence development, however water content was no significantly different. After treatment of 9 hrs and 12 hrs light period, the total soluble sugar content in pseudobulb of Oncidium was higher than other treatments because of consuming less nutrient transfered from pseudobulb due to poor inflorescence development and the quality of inflorescence also showed worse.
其他識別: U0005-2608200815221500
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