Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29055
標題: 影響番木瓜種子發芽因素之研究
Factors influence on seed germination of papaya (Carica papaya L.)
作者: 阮氏暄
Nguyen, Thi-Huyen
關鍵字: papaya;番木瓜;seed;fruit maturity;germination;種子;果實成熟度;發芽率
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 
番木瓜種子鮮重與乾重隨果實成熟度而增加,其中種皮組織佔種子重量的1/3以上。利用蔗糖密度將種子分級成上浮與下沉種子,只經後熟的上浮與下沉種子發芽率低,在7.4至9.2%間,二者間差異不大,但經37℃溫度浸潤5小時後,發芽率顯著提高,而且下沉者較上浮者有較高之發芽率;於1.05密度下,上浮者發芽率為22.3%,下沉者為41.9%。不同成熟度果實,經貯藏後可以提高種子發芽率,8與12%之種子含水量對發芽率無顯著差異,但增加貯藏時間顯著提高其發芽率。以35℃乾燥種子經3個月貯藏,發芽率為45%顯著高於26℃下乾燥種子的35%。‘台農二號’品種發芽最適溫度為30℃,但25/30℃與25/35℃變溫下,以捲紙法進行者發芽率達88.8與96.6%。種子經37℃浸潤與外加GA3與KNO3均可提高種子發芽率,但以GA3與KNO3混合藥劑處理較單一藥劑處理顯著提高發芽率。固體與液體滲調處理,皆顯著縮短發芽時間,種子浸潤滲漏液導電度與TTC染色均可應用於種子活力的快速檢測。

The fresh and dry seed weight of papaya were increased following the maturity of fruit. The weight of sacrotesta, testa and tegmen was over 1/3 of total seed weight. Using sugar density for grading floating and sinking seeds showed that both kind of fresh seeds had low percentage in germination of 7.4-9.2%. After 5 hours of incubating at 37℃ hot water, could increase percentage significantly. Under 1.05 sugar density, the percent germination of floating and sinking seeds were 22.3 and 41.9%, respectively. The germination percentage of different maturity fruit were increased afterripening.
Seed moisture content of 8 and 12% had no significant difference in germination percentage but it was significantly improved by increasing seed storage time. Seeds dried by 35℃ with 3 months storage had 45% germination which is significant higher than 35% of seed dried by 26℃.
The optimum temperation in seed germination is 30℃, but using alternate germination temperature of 25/30℃ and 25/35℃ had higher germination of 88.8 and 96.6%, respectively. Seeds incubating at 37℃ and using GA3, KNO3 could improve seed germination percentage. Seeds treated the solution of GA3 and KNO3 had higher germination percentage than that treated GA3 and KNO3, respectively. Solid and liquid priming could shorten the mean days to germination. Measuring EC in leakage and TTC method could be used for quick viability test.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29055
其他識別: U0005-0508200910585400
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

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