Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29090
標題: 高速公路中央分隔帶使用材料型式偏好之研究
A Study on the Preference of the Material Typess Used in Freeway Median Strip
作者: 蔡姬綾
Tsai, Chi-Ling
關鍵字: freeway;高速公路;median strip;visual simulation;animation;中央分隔帶;視覺模擬;動畫
出版社: 園藝學系
摘要: 
本研究之主要目的係以大眾知覺觀點,探討高速公路中央分隔帶使用材料
型式的視覺效果及偏好;並模擬高速公路的行車狀態,探究速度與車道所
在位置是否影響道路使用者的視覺偏好及其視覺效果之判斷。本研究應用
電腦動畫,建構在高速公路行駛時所見的景觀,另設定路況、路旁景物、
光線及背景等環境因素為固定因子,變化中央分隔帶使用材料型式、車速
及車道位置,以測得視覺景觀偏好及視覺效果的差異。藉由3D Studio電
腦動畫軟體與DPS即時錄畫技術的應用,所得模擬高速公路景觀的動畫
共28段;並利用電視機及錄放影機在中山高速公路泰安服務區進行問卷抽
樣調查,共取得有效問卷220份。資料分析的方法採用Three-way ANOVA、
One-way ANOVA、T-test及相關分析進行結果的描述及假設檢定。經由分
析的結果,本研究得到的主要結論如下:(一)道路使用者對中山高速公
路中央分隔帶之觀賞偏好受材料型式及車速影響。(二)高速公路中央分
隔帶使用材料型式以植栽式最受大眾偏好,其視覺效果亦較好,混合式次
之,工程式最差。(三)車速愈快,觀賞者的偏好及安全性、舒適性的評
值愈低。(四)不同車道的觀賞位置僅對安全性的視覺效果有影響,在內
側車道觀看時,安全性較高。

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the visual
effect and the preference of the material types used in freeway
median strip based on users'' perceptual view.The study also
discussed whether users'' preference and visual effect judgment
would be influenced when they were in different speeds and
different lane locations under a simulated freeway driving
situation. The study applied a series of computer animations to
set up experimental landscape viewed by respondents from
freeway. For experimental design reasons,the study controlled
the road condition 、roadside landscape、light and background
as fixed variables and varied the different material types、
speeds and lane locations to measure users'' visual preference
and visual effect judgment on the simulated landscapes.The
study obtained 28 freeway landscape animations by using 3D
Studio software and DPS personal animation recorder.Through
television broadcast, the 28 kinds of freeway landscapes were
ranked from 1 (extremel dislike) to 10 (extremely like) by
questionnaire survey from th drivers and passengers at Taian
service area of the Sun Yet-sen Freeway.220 valid samples were
selected.Data was analyzed by 3-way analysis、one-way analysis
of variance、T-test and correlation analysis.The major results
were summarized as follow 1.Users'' visual preference of the Sun
Yet-sen Freeway median strip was influenced by different
material types and speeds. 2.The most favorite and best visual
effect material types used in freeway median strip was the
plant style. The mixed style wa the second favorite,and the
engineering style was the last. 3.The faster the speed,the
more preference and safety、comfort visual effect judgment of
the drivers and passengers reduced. 4.Different lane locations
only had an influence on the visual effect of safety. The
visual effect of safety was better if looking from the inner
lane.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29090
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

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