Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29165
標題: 氮源比例、磷肥以及暗期中斷對紫苞舌蘭生長與開花之影響
Effect of Nitrogen Form Ratio, Phosphorous and Night Break on Growth and Flowering of Spathoglottis plicata
作者: 黃子軒
Huang, Tzu-Hsuan
關鍵字: Spathoglottis;苞舌蘭;Nitrogen form ratio;Phosphorous;Night break;Flowering;Pseudobulb;氮源比例;磷肥;暗期中斷;開花;假球莖
出版社: 園藝學系所
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摘要: 
本試驗使用紫苞舌蘭品種Spathoglottis plicata及其變異品種粉花苞舌蘭Spa. plicata ‘RS01’為試驗材料,探討不同Hoagland and Arnon nutrient solution基本養液配方的氮源肥料、磷肥、及暗期中斷處理下,對植株生育之影響及產期調節,提高開花率之效果。
在總氮濃度210 ppm不同氮源比例處理下,紫苞舌蘭及粉花苞舌蘭當代假球莖皆在NO3--N /NH4+-N 為10:1及6:1時可達100 %的抽梗率,而兩品種於6:1時單盆有較多的花序數,分別為6.44及3.89;次代假球莖方面,紫苞舌蘭於NO3--N : NH4+-N比例為6:1及4:1處理下最快達70 %的抽梗率,而粉花苞舌蘭在NO3--N : NH4+-N比例為6:1時最快達70 %的抽梗率。綜合當代假球莖及次代假球莖開花率及開花品質之比較,紫苞舌蘭及粉花苞舌蘭之植株,養液中氮肥型態以NO3--N : NH4+-N為6:1時,同時具有較佳之開花率與開花品質。
Spa. plicata及Spa. plicata ‘RS01’的植株以不同磷肥濃度160、240、及320 ppm處理,植株生長方面兩個品種皆於磷肥濃度160 ppm施用下有較快的絕對生長速率。磷肥施用濃度高於160 ppm時,在根部活性、葉長、及葉寬皆有下降的趨勢。施用磷肥之紫苞舌蘭當代假球莖開花比例皆較對照組高,且於160 ppm處理時單盆有較多的花序數為4.67,而粉花苞舌蘭當代假球莖開花比例於160 ppm處理時亦有較高的開花率為88.89 %;不論紫苞舌蘭或是粉花苞舌蘭其次代假球莖抽梗率皆未超過60 %,兩品種在160 ppm處理下分別有40及60 %的抽梗率。因此較適宜施用於兩品種之磷肥濃度為160 ppm時,有較佳之開花率與開花品質。
在不同暗期中斷1、2、及3小時處理下,紫苞舌蘭以暗期中斷2小時處理下有較快的生長;而粉花苞舌蘭則於對照組生長較快,其次為暗期中斷2小時。紫苞舌蘭於2及3小時處理有100 %的抽梗率,而以2小時處理下花序數最多,平均為3.86,粉花苞舌蘭則於對照組及暗期中斷2小時有100 %的抽梗率,然而粉花苞舌蘭亦是在暗期中斷2小時下花序數最多,平均為4.43。次代假球莖抽梗率上,紫苞舌蘭於2小時處理下亦有100 %的抽梗率,其他處理最後只有75 %的抽梗率,而粉花苞舌蘭在所有處理最後皆有100 %的抽梗率,以對照組最快達到70 %的抽梗率,其次為1及2小時處理者。暗期中斷為2小時處理時,有較佳之開花率與開花品質。

Spathoglottis plicata and Spa. plicata ‘RS01’ were used in this study to research the effect of different nitrogen form ratios, different concentrations of phosphorous, and different night break treatments on growth and regulating the flowering of Spathoglottis, and increasing inflorescence emergence rate.
Spa. plicata and Spa. plicata ‘RS01’ were fertilized with two different nitrogen forms in two rates (NO3--N : NH4+-N=10:1 and 6:1) on primary pseudobulb stage, resulted 100% inflorescence emergence rate, however, 6:1 nitrogen rate had the highest inflorescences in every pot. Spa. plicata fertilized with NO3--N : NH4+-N=6:1 and 4:1 rapidly reach to 70% inflorescences rate but for Spa. plicata ‘RS01’ fertilized with NO3--N : NH4+-N=6:1 rapidly reach to 70% inflorescences rate. The percentage of emergence of flower stalks and flowering quality on primary pseudobulb stage and secondary pseudobulb stage showed better results when fertilized with NO3--N : NH4+-N=6:1.
Spa. picata and Spa. plicata ‘RS01’ were fertilized the different concentration phosphorous, 0, 160、240 and 320 ppm, respectively. Plant fertilized with 160 ppm phosphorous had the highest growth rate. When the concentration increased, the root activity, leaf length and leaf width decreased. Spathoglottis fertilized with phosphorous had the flowering rate more than control on primary pseudobulb stage. Spa. plicata fertilized with 160 ppm phosphorous had more inflorescences as 4.67. On the primary pseudobulb stage, Spa. plicata ‘RS01’ fertilized with 160 ppm phosphorous had more the flowering rate as 88.89 %. However, both of species on the secondary pseudobulb stage, had the flowering rate less than 60%.
Spa. plicata treated with night break 2 hours had the highest growth rate. For Spa. plicata ‘RS01’ as the control had the highest growth rate and following treated with night break 2 hours. Spa. plicata treated with night break 2 and 3 hours had 100 % inflorescences emergence rate and night break 2 hours also had the most inflorescences as 3.86. For Spa. plicata ‘RS01’, primary pseudobulb stage as the control and treated with night break 2 hours had 100 % inflorescences emergence rate, but treated with night break 2 hours had the most inflorescences about 4.43. Spa. plicata on secondary pseudobulb stage, treated with night break 2 hours had 100% inflorescences emergence rate, for another treatment had 70% inflorescences emergence rate. For Spa. plicata ‘RS01’, secondary pseudobulb stage in every treatment had 100% inflorescences emergence rate, the control rapidly reach to 70% inflorescences emergence rate. However, treated with night break 2 hours had the highest inflorescences emergence rate and flowering quality.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/29165
其他識別: U0005-1808201009340600
Appears in Collections:園藝學系

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